Evaluation of drug use prevention programs directed at adolescents.


:The aim of this article is to present a theoretical model of how to undertake evaluations of prevention programs directed at adolescents. Based on the results from metaanalyses of outcome studies of school-based programs, this article concludes that interactive programs tend to be more effective than not only those mainly intended to increase factual knowledge about tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs, but also those initiatives aimed at influencing adolescents' attitudes toward those substances. The interactive strategy corresponds to problem-based learning or the interactive educational approach, now widely popular in educational circles. These outcome studies have provided us with important knowledge. However, there are relatively few evaluation investigations that analyze in substantive detail the process by which adolescents change their alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug-use behavior, and alter their perceptions about these substances. In an ongoing intervention study based on an interaction framework, involving all youngsters in the ninth grade (15-16 year olds, n = 300, undertaken in year 2001-2002) in the Aland Islands, Finland, the students' perceptions regarding the risks involved in illegal drug use could not be altered. Neither was it possible to decrease the alcohol or tobacco consumption during this school year. However, what did occur was that a number of expectations regarding alcohol were changed, which, in turn, might influence the patterns of alcohol use by the target group. The ways students in the Alands celebrate the end of junior high school are culturally embedded, and this may explain the lack of success in decreasing their alcohol consumption and tobacco use at the end of the ninth grade. Based on the analysis, a combination of outcome and process evaluations is recommended in order to reach a better understanding of how school prevention programs may achieve the desired goals.


Subst Use Misuse


Substance use & misuse


Lilja J,Wilhelmsen BU,Larsson S,Hamilton D




Has Abstract


2003-09-01 00:00:00












  • Identifying "Hitting Bottom" Among Individuals with Alcohol Problems: Development and Evaluation of the Noteworthy Aspects of Drinking Important to Recovery (NADIR).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a costly public health concern; yet, many individuals with AUD never receive formal treatment. Prior studies have identified that "hitting bottom" may be an important factor in seeking treatment for AUD) and the notion that "hitting bottom" is necessary for recovery is commonly ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirouac M,Witkiewitz K

    更新日期:2017-10-15 00:00:00

  • Methamphetamine use in club subcultures.

    abstract::In recent decades, methamphetamine developed a peculiar geographic distribution in the United States, with limited diffusion in the Northeast. While use within gay clubs received attention, methamphetamine in club subcultures more broadly remains less clear. Using quantitative and qualitative data, we provide a descri...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelly BC,LeClair A,Parsons JT

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnographic strategies in the tracking and retention of street-recruited community-based samples of substance using hidden populations in longitudinal studies.

    abstract::The article presents practical and methodological strategies in the tracking and retention of a longitudinal community-based sample of 300 Mexican American noninjecting users of heroin. Presented are the ethnographic strategies the research team utilized to maintain high retention rates among this highly marginalized ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cepeda A,Valdez A

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Blood doping: risks to athletes' health and strategies for detection.

    abstract::Blood doping has been defined as the misuse of substances or certain techniques to optimize oxygen delivery to muscles with the aim to increase performance in sports activities. It includes blood transfusion, administration of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents or blood substitutes, and gene manipulations. The main rea...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oliveira CD,Bairros AV,Yonamine M

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • A museology display: questioning and answering.

    abstract::The process of a museology display and experience is presented. ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy-Aldema Y

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual orientation and smoking: results from a multisite women's health study.

    abstract::Although lesbians are believed to be at disproportionately high risk for smoking, few published studies have focused on smoking rates in this population. We examined and compared rates and demographic correlates of smoking among 550 lesbians and 279 heterosexual women in Chicago, Minneapolis/St. Paul, and in New York ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Hughes TL,Johnson TP,Matthews AK

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Using Bayesian space-time models to understand the substance use environment and risk for being referred to child protective services.

    abstract::Parental substance misuse has often been cited as a cause of children being referred for investigation of child abuse and neglect. Research on how the substance use environment might affect this relationship is still in its infancy with primarily only cross-sectional studies finding a positive relationship of alcohol ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freisthler B,Weiss RE

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perception and consumption of alcohol among the immigrant population from Latin America in Valencia region (Spain).

    abstract::This study examines patterns of alcohol consumption among the Hispanic immigrant population in Valencia (Spain), and also whether the length of immigrants' residence in our country and perceived degree of discrimination have any influence on such patterns. A total of 610 Spanish-speaking immigrants (314 women, 296 men...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tortajada S,Llorens N,Castellano M,Alvarez FJ,Aleixandre-Benavent R,Valderrama-Zurián JC

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Recovery: with and without self-help.

    abstract::Although self-help/mutual-help groups, like Alcoholics Anonymous, are important factors in the recovery of many chemically dependent individuals, the large dropout rates from such groups and the awareness that many who drop out do not return to dependent behavior raises interesting questions about other paths to susta...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Godlaski TM,Leukefeld C,Cloud R

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • The association of alcohol consumption with tobacco use in Black and White college students.

    abstract::This study explored the association of alcohol and tobacco use among college students. A survey was administered in 2004 to 2,189 Black and White students from the southeastern United States. The prevalence of alcohol and tobacco use, tobacco use characteristics according to level of alcohol consumed, and percentage o...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ames SC,Stevens SR,Werch CE,Carlson JM,Schroeder DR,Kiros GE,Kershaw J,Patten CA,Ebbert JO,Offord KP

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Risk Environment for Adopting and Continuing Injecting Drug Use: A Qualitative Study in Uyo, Nigeria.

    abstract::Background: The bulk of research on adoption of injecting is from Europe and America, despite the existence of syndemics of drug injecting, HIV, and viral hepatitis globally. Objectives: This study explores adoption and continuation of injecting drug use. Methods: The study draws on in-depth interviews with 41 (n = 41...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson EE,Obot IS

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dharma, yoga, tantra.

    abstract::In the mid-20th century, Selvararajan Yesudian (1916-1998), who was born in India to a Christian father, a physician, and spent most of his life in Switzerland, coauthored (with Elisabeth Haich) a book entitled Yoga and Health; since then, the coupling of these two words has largely defined the meaning of yoga in the ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matus T

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Dispositional Mindfulness and Aggression Among Women in Residential Substance Use Treatment.

    abstract::There is a large literature on substance misuse and interpersonal aggression, including aggression perpetrated by women in treatment for substance misuse. There is also a growing body of literature on mindfulness and substance use, as well as mindfulness and aggression. However, to date, there has been little research...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shorey RC,Elmquist J,Anderson SE,Stuart GL

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Causes and consequences of increasing club drug use in China: a descriptive assessment.

    abstract::Club drugs have quickly become the most widespread "drugs of abuse" in China. Using data from a convenience sample of 730 club drug users in Shanghai in 2006 , we explored the causes and consequences of club drug use. Descriptive analyses suggest that club drug use is typically polydrug use. Polydrug use is strongly a...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang X,Xia G

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of a Short Message Service Reminder on Non-Attendance in Addiction Care.

    abstract::Backgrounds: Non-attendance in mental healthcare is a substantial problem. Research has shown that sending a short message service (SMS) reminder could reduce non-attendance by 50 percent in general health services and by 25 percent in mental health institutions. However, no studies exist on the effect of sending SMS ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blaauw E,Riemersma Y,Hartsuiker C,Hoiting J,Venema S

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Decoy Effect Within Alcohol Purchasing Decisions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The decoy effect is the phenomenon where the introduction of a third choice to a decision dyad changes the distribution of preferences between options. OBJECTIVES:Examine whether this effect exists in alcohol purchasing decisions and whether testing context impacts this. METHOD:Fifty-two participants teste...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monk RL,Qureshi AW,Leatherbarrow T,Hughes A

    更新日期:2016-08-23 00:00:00

  • Intention to quit tobacco use among clients in substance use disorder treatment settings.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of age, gender, tobacco-related knowledge, treatment modality, and changes in smoking patterns on intention to quit tobacco use among individuals participating in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment in Ohio. Of the 791 SUD program attendees, 91.7% currently...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore D,Langlois M,Gerber BM,Gaddis R,Hallam JS,Arnold R

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood sexual abuse, PTSD, and the functional roles of alcohol use among women drinkers.

    abstract::The present study investigated whether a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) or current post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was associated with alcohol-related expectancies and recalled effects of drinking reported by women in substance user treatment. The results indicate that CSA status was not associated with...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simpson TL

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance use and other mental health disorders among veterans returning to the inner city: prevalence, correlates, and rates of unmet treatment need.

    abstract::Estimates of substance use and other mental health disorders of veterans (N = 269) who returned to predominantly low-income minority New York City neighborhoods between 2009 and 2012 are presented. Although prevalences of posttraumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, and depression clustered around 20%, the e...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vazan P,Golub A,Bennett AS

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of emotional distress on HIV risk reduction among women.

    abstract::This study evaluated whether 333 seronegative African American female drug users (aged 18-59 years) participating in an HIV intervention and with higher levels of emotional distress, specifically symptoms of depression and anxiety, reduced HIV risk behaviors to a lesser extent than those with lower levels of emotional...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sterk CE,Theall KP,Elifson KW

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Finland: increases in alcohol availability and consumption.

    abstract::This article briefly describes the changes that Finland has undergone during the 1960-2012 period with regards to societal changes, alcohol control policies, alcohol-related harms, and alcohol consumption, after which the findings of the analyses made by Allamani and his colleagues in the AMPHORA project are discussed...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindeman M,Österberg E,Karlsson T

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Voices of Temporary Sobriety - A Diary Study of an Alcohol-Free Month in Hungary.

    abstract::Background: Temporary abstinence from alcohol as a challenge could support self-knowledge, self-care, and health consciousness in several ways. Objectives: The present study explored Dry November participants' personal experiences and coping strategies during a one-month abstinence period. The research is embedded in ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pados E,Kovács A,Kiss D,Kassai S,Kapitány-Fövény M,Dávid F,Karsai S,Terebessy A,Demetrovics Z,Griffiths MD,Rácz J

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Involving stakeholders in the evaluation of community alcohol projects: finding a balance between subjective insight and objective facts.

    abstract::The role played by key community representatives in the evaluation of community alcohol projects differs according to the evaluation paradigm adopted. In evaluations that adopt a positivist, experimental design they are cast in the role of independent informants. In post-positivist evaluations they are seen as having ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boots K,Midford R

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Changing the Treatment Direction for Opiate Addiction: Dr. Dole's Research.

    abstract::Under the leadership of Drs. Vincent P. Dole, Marie Nyswander, and Mary Jeanne Kreek, in collaboration with the psychologist, Norman Gordon and sociologist, Herman Joseph at The Rockefeller University beginning in the 1960s, the first medical treatment for heroin addiction was developed. Drs. Dole, Nyswander and Kreek...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Joseph H,Woods JS

    更新日期:2018-01-28 00:00:00

  • Comparison of the quick drinking screen and the alcohol timeline followback with outpatient alcohol abusers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A recent study comparing the Quick Drinking Screen (QDS) with the Timeline Followback (TLFB) found that in a nonclinical population of problem drinkers both measures produced reliable summary measures of drinking. The current study was designed to replicate these findings with a clinical population of alcohol...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roy M,Dum M,Sobell LC,Sobell MB,Simco ER,Manor H,Palmerio R

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Computerized projection of future heroin epidemics: a necessity for the 21st century?

    abstract::Although U.K. has seen significant advances in knowledge since the onset of its last major heroin epidemic in the early 1980s, it is still the case that most assessments of the extent of drug misuse are based on old data. Recognition of this problem is evidenced by the many attempts elsewhere to reduce the lag between...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ditton J,Frischer M

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • An alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use comparison of lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual undergraduate women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Little research has focused specifically on alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) use of lesbian and bisexual women in general or the college subgroup specifically. Previous research shows sexual minority women at increased risk when compared to their heterosexual counterparts. OBJECTIVES:The purpose of t...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerr D,Ding K,Burke A,Ott-Walter K

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability testing and validation of the drug attitude scale.

    abstract::This study was designed to provide reliability testing and validity information of the Drug Attitude Scale (DAS). One hundred twenty-eight subjects were drawn from a residential substance abuse(1) treatment program within a community mental health center. Seventy-five percent of the subjects were males and 25% were fe...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell SN,Chang A

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance dependence treatment interventions: why we continue to fail people who use drugs in Asia.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Substance use disorders contribute to a large number of preventable deaths in Asia; a majority of the negative health consequences are associated with opioid use. User friendly and effective drug dependence treatment is limited. SCOPE:Factors mediating drug user treatment outcomes in Asia are explored, wi...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma M,Chatterjee A

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Forbidden fruit and the prediction of cigarette smoking.

    abstract::The concept of "forbidden fruit" has been popularly associated with adolescent cigarette smoking in the US. However, only a few empirical studies have been conducted to investigate how this construct operates among adolescents. We examined the concurrent and prospective relationships between two related concepts of fo...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sussman S,Grana R,Pokhrel P,Rohrbach LA,Sun P

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00