Cardiac complications after elective major vascular surgery.


:Cardiac complications are the major cause of perioperative and late mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing elective major vascular surgery. This review focuses on the pathophysiology of perioperative complications, risk assessment and risk reduction strategies, all related to cardiovascular disease. Patients without cardiac risk factors are considered to be at low risk and no additional evaluation for coronary artery disease is recommended; beta-adrenergic blockers may reduce perioperative cardiac events; patients with one or more risk factors represent an intermediate to high-risk population. beta-Adrenergic blockers should be prescribed to all patients and coronary revascularization should be reserved for patients who have a clearly defined need for revascularization independent of the need for vascular surgery.


Kertai MD,Klein J,van Urk H,Bax JJ,Poldermans D




Has Abstract


2003-07-01 00:00:00














  • Treatment strategies for new-onset atrial fibrillation in critically ill patients: Protocol for a systematic review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:New-onset atrial fibrillation is frequent in critically ill patients and associated with poorer outcomes in these patients. Numerous interventions are used for the management of new-onset atrial fibrillation, but it is unknown if these interventions improve patient-important outcomes as compared with placebo...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wetterslev M,Granholm A,Haase N,Hassager C,Hylander Møller M,Perner A

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • No difference between bupivacaine in 0.9% and 8% glucose for spinal anaesthesia in small children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Baricity is one of the most important factors to influence the characteristics of distribution of the local anaesthetic and hence success and spread of the blockade. Bupivacaine is rendered hyperbaric by adding glucose. The effect of differing degrees of hyperbaricity remains to be evaluated. METHODS:Two hy...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kokki H,Hendolin H

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sepsis patients do not differ in health-related quality of life compared with other ICU patients.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The aim of the present multicentre study is to assess health-related quality of life in patients with community-acquired sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock (CAS) 6 months after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare the health-related quality of life of the ICU survivors with CAS w...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Orwelius L,Lobo C,Teixeira Pinto A,Carneiro A,Costa-Pereira A,Granja C

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Seizures in a 77-year-old-woman after a bolus dose of remifentanil.

    abstract::Seizures in patients with no history of epilepsy has been associated with administration of remifentanil in two previous case reports. We present a case where a bolus dose of remifentanil (50 micrograms/kg) was followed by a self terminating generalised tonic-clonic seizure in a patient admitted for acute hip surgery,...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nielsen J,Krøigaard M

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Experience with a "Feed and Swaddle" program in infants up to six months of age.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Feed and swaddle is a technique in which an infant is fed and allowed to fall asleep to facilitate diagnostic imaging. This study reviews our experience and diagnostic success in premature and term infants up to 6 months old undergoing brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a feed and swaddle technique...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Templeton LB,Norton MJ,Goenaga-Díaz EJ,McLaughlin DH,Zapadka ME,Templeton TW

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of high thoracic epidural anaesthesia on the peripheral airway reactivity in dogs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been speculated that epidural anaesthesia may induce bronchoconstriction via the mechanism of a sympathetic blockade. However, this hypothesis has not been confirmed by any experimental evidence. Therefore, we investigated the effects of high thoracic epidural anaesthesia with neural sympathetic block...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan HB,Tang GJ,Kou YR,Lee TY

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary function in obese patients scheduled for jejuno-ileostomy.

    abstract::Preoperative pulmonary parameters were evaluated in 37 extremely obese but otherwise healthy patients. They were on average 100.9% overweight. X-ray of the chest, electrocardiograms, and residual volume, vital capacity, total lung capacity, maximum breathing capacity, forced expired volume in 1 second, and related rat...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andersen J,Rasmussen JP,Eriksen J

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • Vancomycin levels are frequently subtherapeutic in critically ill patients: a prospective observational study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Appropriate utilization of vancomycin is important to attain therapeutic targets while avoiding clinical failure and the development of antimicrobial resistance. Our aim was to observe the use of vancomycin in an intensive care population, with the main focus on achievement of therapeutic serum concentration...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bakke V,Sporsem H,Von der Lippe E,Nordøy I,Lao Y,Nyrerød HC,Sandvik L,Hårvig KR,Bugge JF,Helset E

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Vasopressin and nitroglycerin decrease portal and hepatic venous pressure and hepato-splanchnic blood flow.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Various methods are used to reduce venous blood pressure in the hepato-splanchnic circulation, and hence minimise blood loss during liver surgery. Previous studies show that combination of vasopressin and nitroglycerin reduces portal pressure and flow in patients with portal hypertension, and in this study w...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wisén E,Svennerholm K,Bown LS,Houltz E,Rizell M,Lundin S,Ricksten SE

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiorespiratory effects of nalbuphine and morphine premedication in adult cardiac surgical patients.

    abstract::Premedication for cardiac surgical patients attempts to achieve relief of anxiety with minimal or no cardiorespiratory changes. Nalbuphine (NUBAIN) and morphine produced similar decreases in respiratory rate (1-3 breaths per min) and PaO2 (averaging 1.34 kPa), and increases in arterial PaCO2 (averaging 0.56 kPa). Card...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lake CL,Duckworth EN,DiFazio CA,Magruder MR

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Lidocaine-induced hemodynamic effects are enhanced by the inhibition of endothelium-derived relaxing factor in dogs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lidocaine has been shown to have direct vasoconstrictive effects at low concentrations. Since lidocaine inhibits endothelium-dependent vasodilation in vitro, the vasoconstrictor effect of lidocaine may be due to inhibition of endothelium-derived relaxing factor(EDRF/NO). Therefore, the current study was desi...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Toyoyama H,Yukioka H,Hayashi M,Tatekawa S,Fujimori M

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Plasma fluoride and bromide concentrations during occupational exposure to enflurane or halothane.

    abstract::The plasma fluoride and bromide concentrations were studied in operating theatre personnel. When enflurane was used, the increase in plasma fluoride concentration could not be distinguished from normal individual variations, but the plasma bromide concentration increased significantly when halothane was used. Seven pa...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlsson P,Ekstrand J,Hallén B

    更新日期:1985-10-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of the type of anaesthesia on post-operative subjective physical well-being and mental function in elderly patients.

    abstract::Standardized behavioural observations were used to establish the influence of the type of anaesthesia on the mental function and the subjective physical well-being in 60 patients, all men, following urological surgery. The patients were randomized to two groups, receiving spinal or general anaesthesia. For evaluation ...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Crul BJ,Hulstijn W,Burger IC

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Low dose intrathecal morphine effects on post-hysterectomy pain: a randomized placebo-controlled study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Spinal anesthesia with different doses of intrathecal morphine has been shown to relieve post-operative pain. We studied in a prospective randomized, double-blind fashion the effects of morphine 0, 100, 200, or 300 μg added to intrathecal bupivacaine on first post-operative 24 h patient-controlled analgesia ...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hein A,Rösblad P,Gillis-Haegerstrand C,Schedvins K,Jakobsson J,Dahlgren G

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Can remifentanil be a better choice than propofol for colonoscopy during monitored anesthesia care?

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:This prospective, randomized trial was designed to test the hypothesis that continuous infusion of low-dose remifentanil can provide effective analgesia, sedation, amnesia, patient comfort and stable recovery profile without respiratory depression when compared with propofol infusion during col...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Akcaboy ZN,Akcaboy EY,Albayrak D,Altinoren B,Dikmen B,Gogus N

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Distant effects of nitric oxide inhalation in lavage-induced lung injury in anaesthetised pigs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Inhalation of nitric oxide (INO) exerts both local and distant effects. INO in healthy pigs causes down-regulation of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) production and vasoconstriction in lung regions not reached by INO, especially in hypoxic regions, which augments hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. In contrast,...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nilsson MC,Hambraeus-Jonzon K,Alving K,Wiklund P,Bergquist M,Fredén F

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Post-void residual volume in labor: a prospective study comparing parturients with and without epidural analgesia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This prospective, non-randomized study compared post-void residual volume in laboring and postpartum women with or without epidural analgesia. METHODS:The study was conducted over 1 year with institutional review board approval. Parturients were recruited in early labor and self-selected to either the study...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weiniger CF,Wand S,Nadjari M,Elchalal U,Mankuta D,Ginosar Y,Matot I

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical effects of carticaine, a new local anesthetic. A survey and a double-blind investigation comparing carticaine with lidocaine in epidural analgesia.

    abstract::Carticaine, a new local anesthetic of the amide type, differs from those previously known in that it contains a thiophene ring. The physico-chemical properties of the compound, its pharmacology and its toxicology are reviewed from the litererture. A controlled, double-blind investigation in which carticaine was compar...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Brinklov MM

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • The use of a laryngeal mask airway in spontaneously breathing patients.

    abstract::The Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) is a new type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anaesthesia in certain cases. Once the patient is adequately anaesthetised, it can be inserted blindly, without recourse to laryngoscopy or muscle relaxants. Anaesthetists of ...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarma VJ

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of methohexital and pentobarbital for premedication in children.

    abstract::Thirty children scheduled for elective orchiopexy or herniotomy were consecutively assigned at random to premedication with methohexital 80 mg/ml, 20 mg/kg rectally, 15 min before transportation to the operating room, or pentobarbital 28 mg/ml, 7 mg/kg rectally, 45 min before transportation. The quality of premedicati...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Christensen PA,Balslev T,Hasselstrøm L

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hemodynamic effects of massive doses of dexamethasone in controlled hypovolemic shock in the dog.

    abstract::The hemodynamic effects of massive doses of dexamethasone in combination with the alpha-adrenergic blocking agent phenoxybenzamine were studied in dogs subjected to hemorrhagic hypotension. Previously it has been shown that the glucocorticoid methylprednisolone, but not the glucocorticoid betamethasone, induces a pron...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hellman A,Häggendal E,Lundberg D

    更新日期:1982-06-01 00:00:00

  • Venous gas embolism: detection with pulsed Doppler guided by two-dimensional echocardiography.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Venous gas embolism is a rare but severe event in critically ill patients and the diagnosis should be obtained as soon as possible. Ultrasonography is a sensitive, non-invasive, and bedside means of detection. METHOD:We prospectively estimated the performance of two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography and pul...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boussuges A,Molenat F,Carturan D,Gerbeaux P,Sainty JM

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative EEG analysis as a supplement to the clinical coma scale RLS85.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between EEG indicators and clinical scores based on the RLS85 (Reaction Level Scale 85) in comatose patients. The results of a simple visual assessment of the EEG, using an arbitrary scale with typical EEG patterns, were compared with those obtained by ...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matousek M,Takeuchi E,Starmark JE,Stalhammar D

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Four years' treatment with ketamine and a trial of dextromethorphan in a patient with severe post-herpetic neuralgia.

    abstract::N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are involved in the development of neuropathic pain. Ketamine, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, has in several case reports given pain relief but efficacy in dosages tolerated in long-term ketamine treatment is unknown. Another substance with an antagonist action at NMD...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klepstad P,Borchgrevink PC

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Procalcitonin and neopterin as indicators of infection in critically ill patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:: In critically ill patients, severe infection and systemic inflammation due to non-infectious causes produce very similar clinical presentations, and traditional infection markers do not always differentiate these two conditions. Both procalcitonin and neopterin have been suggested to aid in the early diagn...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ruokonen E,Ilkka L,Niskanen M,Takala J

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Post-operative analgesia following total knee replacement: an evaluation of the addition of an obturator nerve block to combined femoral and sciatic nerve block.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Femoral and sciatic nerve block may not provide complete post-operative analgesia following total knee replacement. This study was designed to evaluate whether the addition of an obturator nerve block to combined femoral and sciatic nerve block improves the quality of post-operative analgesia following prima...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: McNamee DA,Parks L,Milligan KR

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Liver transplantation is associated with increased met-enkephalin levels in the pig.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been reported that less postoperative morphine is required following liver transplantation than is required following open cholecystectomy. This may be attributable to endogenous factors rather than to altered morphine pharmacokinetics. We measured the plasma concentrations of two endogenous neuropept...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donovan KL,Janicki PK,Franks WT,Striepe VI,Pinson CW

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Chloroprocaine 40 mg produces shorter spinal block than articaine 40 mg in day-case knee arthroscopy patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Articaine and chloroprocaine have recently gained interest as short-acting spinal anaesthetics. Based on previous work comparing articaine 60 mg with chloroprocaine 40 mg, we hypothesised that articaine 40 mg and chloroprocaine 40 mg would produce similar spinal anaesthesa regarding block onset, maximal spre...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Förster JG,Rosenberg PH,Harilainen A,Sandelin J,Pitkänen MT

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Multicentre study of validity and interrater reliability of the modified Nursing Care Recording System (NCR11) for assessment of workload in the ICU.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Reliable assessment of nursing workload is necessary for the quantitative approach to staffing of intensive care units. The Nursing Care Recording System (NCR11) scores both the nursing contribution to patient care and those related to medical procedures. The purpose of the present work was to compare NCR11 ...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Walther SM,Jonasson U,Karlsson S,Nordlund P,Johansson A,Mälstam J,south-Eastern Intensive Care Network Of Sweden.

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Anesthetic effect of epidural anesthesia with cephalad or caudad catheterization for ankle surgery or hemorrhoidectomy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The larger size of the first sacral nerve root has been reported to be an unfavorable factor leading to sacral sparing in epidural anesthesia. Previous studies have shown that an adequate analgesic effect of the epidural block was achieved with the catheter placement in the caudal direction. In this study, t...

    journal_title:Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chou WY,Hsu CJ,Cheng JT,Yang LC,Lin CR,Chia YY,Yu SW,Tan PH

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00