Assault, PTSD, family substance use, and depression as risk factors for cigarette use in youth: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents.


:A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years was surveyed by telephone via structured clinical interview to determine the impact of familial substance use, sexual and physical assault, witnessed violence, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on risk of smoking. Results indicated that familial substance use increased risk of smoking only for boys and sexual assault or depression increased risk of smoking only for girls. Age, Caucasian ethnicity, and experiencing physical assault or witnessing violence elevated risk of current cigarette use for both genders. By contrast, PTSD per se was not associated with increased risk of smoking, after the effects of other variables were controlled.


J Trauma Stress


Acierno R,Kilpatrick DG,Resnick H,Saunders B,De Arellano M,Best C




Has Abstract


2000-07-01 00:00:00












  • Predictors of nonpathological dissociation in Northern Ireland: the affects of trauma and exposure to political violence.

    abstract::Recent work has identified an empirical distinction between pathological and nonpathological dissociation. This study examined the correlates of nonpathological dissociation in a Northern Irish sample. The Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Traumatic Experiences Checklist, the Guilt Inventory, and the General Health ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dorahy MJ,Lewis CA,Millar RG,Gee TL

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Problem gambling in Australian PTSD treatment-seeking veterans.

    abstract::This study explored gambling among Australian veterans entering posttraumatic stress treatment programs (n = 153). Twenty-eight percent reached the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) criteria for probable problem gambling, as did 17% on the DSM-IV gambling scale (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, F...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biddle D,Hawthorne G,Forbes D,Coman G

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Consistency of self-reports of traumatic events in a population of Dutch peacekeepers: reason for optimism?

    abstract::Doubts have been raised concerning the reliability and the validity of self-reports of traumatic events. A correlation between the number of inconsistencies in self-reports and the level of PTSD symptoms has been found. We examine whether these results can be generalized to a population of 137 Dutch peacekeepers who t...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bramsen I,Dirkzwager AJ,van Esch SC,van der Ploeg HM

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Use of mental health treatment among veterans filing claims for posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::This study examines predictors of current mental health service use in a sample of 154 veterans filing claims for Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits based on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Our conceptual framework was the behavioral model that classifies predictors of service utilization into predisposin...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayer NA,Clothier B,Spoont M,Nelson DB

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • The ISTSS/Rand guidelines on mental health training of primary healthcare providers for trauma-exposed populations in conflict-affected countries.

    abstract::Mental health care for trauma-exposed populations in conflict-affected developing countries often is provided by primary healthcare providers (PHPs), including doctors, nurses, and lay health workers. The Task Force on International Trauma Training, through an initiative sponsored by the International Society for Trau...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: Eisenman D,Weine S,Green B,de Jong J,Rayburn N,Ventevogel P,Keller A,Agani F

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychophysiological predictors of working alliance among treatment-seeking women with complex trauma exposure.

    abstract::Research has established that trauma-related symptoms may impede the formation of a strong working alliance (i.e., interpersonal connection, trust, and shared goals between therapist and client). As the alliance is critical in trauma-focused therapy, we studied how clients' pretherapy factors, including symptoms and p...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doukas A,D'Andrea W,Doran J,Pole N

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD and physical comorbidity among women receiving Medicaid: results from service-use data.

    abstract::Patterns of physical comorbidity among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were explored using Michigan Medicaid claims data. PTSD-diagnosed women (n = 2,133) were compared with 14,948 randomly selected women in three health outcome areas: ICD-9 categories of disease, chronic conditions associated with sex...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seng JS,Clark MK,McCarthy AM,Ronis DL

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of posttrauma distorted beliefs: evaluating DSM-5 PTSD expanded cognitive symptoms in a national sample.

    abstract::The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) modified the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including expanding the scope of dysfunctional, posttrauma changes in belief (symptoms D2-persistent negative b...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cox KS,Resnick HS,Kilpatrick DG

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Self-injury in incarcerated juvenile females: contributions of mental health and traumatic experiences.

    abstract::Despite evidence supporting a connection between child maltreatment and self-injury, there is disagreement regarding a particular connection to sexual abuse because types of trauma exposure often co-occur. To examine these associations efficiently, we considered a sample of incarcerated juvenile females, where rates o...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McReynolds LS,Wasserman GA

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Place and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

    abstract::Research on traumatic stress has focused largely on individual risk factors. A more thorough understanding of risk factors may require investigation of the contribution of neighborhood context, such as the associations between perceived neighbourhood disorder and social cohesion with reported trauma exposure (yes/no) ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monson E,Paquet C,Daniel M,Brunet A,Caron J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in DSM-5 and ICD-11: Clinical and Behavioral Correlates.

    abstract::The American Psychiatric Association and the World Health Organization provide distinct trauma-based diagnoses in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), and the forthcoming 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), respectively. The DSM-5 conceptualizes posttra...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hyland P,Shevlin M,Fyvie C,Karatzias T

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mental disorders and their association with disability among internally displaced persons and returnees in Georgia.

    abstract::There remains limited evidence on comorbidity of mental disorders among conflict-affected civilians, particularly internally displaced persons (IDPs) and former IDPs who have returned to their home areas (returnees). The study aim was to compare patterns of mental disorders and their influence on disability between ID...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Makhashvili N,Chikovani I,McKee M,Bisson J,Patel V,Roberts B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for PTSD, anxiety, and depression among adolescents in Gaza.

    abstract::The present study examined among adolescents in Gaza the relationship between exposure to war stressors and psychological distress as well as the effects of age, gender, and socioeconomic status. Data were collected from a sample of 139 adolescents 12 to 17 years old. Results showed that adolescents reported elevated ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kolltveit S,Lange-Nielsen II,Thabet AA,Dyregrov A,Pallesen S,Johnsen TB,Laberg JC

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Screening for PTSD among Somali adolescent refugees: psychometric properties of the UCLA PTSD Index.

    abstract::This study presents the psychometric properties for the UCLA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index among a sample of Somali adolescents. Data were derived from a sample of English-speaking Somali adolescent refugees between the ages of 12 and 19 years (n=76). The UCLA PTSD Index showed good reliability (Cronbach's alpha...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ellis BH,Lhewa D,Charney M,Cabral H

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Families in the Shadow of Traumatic Experiences: Negative World Assumptions and Family Relationships.

    abstract::World assumptions (WAs) are cognitive schemas concerning an individual's views of themselves, the world, and others. Although it is well established that WAs are negatively distorted by trauma exposure and strongly associated with posttraumatic psychopathology, the potential impact of WAs on close interpersonal relati...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bachem R,Levin Y,Stein JY,Solomon Z

    更新日期:2020-10-21 00:00:00

  • Factor structure and concurrent validity of the world assumptions scale.

    abstract::The factor structure of the World Assumptions Scale (WAS) was assessed by means of confirmatory factor analysis. The sample was comprised of 1,710 participants who had been exposed to trauma that resulted in whiplash. Four alternative models were specified and estimated using LISREL 8.72. A correlated 8-factor solutio...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elklit A,Shevlin M,Solomon Z,Dekel R

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Test of the role of nicotine dependence in the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and panic spectrum problems.

    abstract::Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occurs with panic spectrum problems. Relatively little empirical work has tested possible mechanisms accounting for this association. Nicotine dependence often ensues subsequent to PTSD onset and research suggests smoking high numbers of cigarettes daily may lead to p...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feldner MT,Smith RC,Babson KA,Sachs-Ericsson N,Schmidt NB,Zvolensky MJ

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychopathology and sexual trauma in childhood and adulthood.

    abstract::This study evaluates the occurrence of psychopathology among 97 women who (1) experienced sexual abuse in childhood only, (2) were raped in adulthood only, (3) experienced both childhood sexual abuse and rape in adulthood, or (4) experienced no sexual trauma. Women were recruited from advertisements and assessed using...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson KM,Crosby RD,Wonderlich SA,Mitchell JE,Redlin J,Demuth G,Smyth J,Haseltine B

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health needs of crime victims: epidemiology and outcomes.

    abstract::This paper reviews epidemiological estimates of criminal victimization derived largely from nationally based studies in the United States. Origins of conflicting rates and prevalences are explained in terms of varying methodology. Risk factors for victimization, including age, race, gender, and disability, are also ou...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kilpatrick DG,Acierno R

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of timing of critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) on posttraumatic symptoms.

    abstract::Seventy-seven civilian employees who were victims of robbery were randomly assigned to either an immediate (< 10 hr) or delayed (> 48 hr) debriefing group, using the J. Mitchell (1983) CISD protocol. Scores on the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale were obtained at 4 time intervals: debrief, 2 and 4 days post-debri...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Campfield KM,Hills AM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing Trauma Exposure, Mental Health Needs, and Service Utilization Across Clinical Samples of Refugee, Immigrant, and U.S.-Origin Children.

    abstract::Most mental health services for trauma-exposed children and adolescents were not originally developed for refugees. Information is needed to help clinicians design services to address the consequences of trauma in refugee populations. We compared trauma exposure, psychological distress, and mental health service utili...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Betancourt TS,Newnham EA,Birman D,Lee R,Ellis BH,Layne CM

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD among a treatment sample of repeat DUI offenders.

    abstract::Recent studies indicate that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common psychiatric comorbidities among driving-under-the-influence (DUI) offenders in treatment. Investigation of DUI offenders' PTSD and clinical characteristics could have important implications for prevention and treatment. This pr...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peller AJ,Najavits LM,Nelson SE,LaBrie RA,Shaffer HJ

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Memory functioning in adult women traumatized by childhood sexual abuse.

    abstract::Memory impairment has been reported in some studies of patients with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and in rape victims with PTSD. The authors tested whether explicit memory impairment was evident in adult women who were traumatized by severe sexual abuse in childhood. The California Verbal Learni...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stein MB,Hanna C,Vaerum V,Koverola C

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Does everyone have a name? Psychological distress and quality of life among child holocaust survivors with lost identity.

    abstract::Knowing one's identity, name, and biological parents is considered essential to personality development and psychological well-being. This study assessed post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, subjective quality of life (QoL), psychological distress, and potency in a group of adults who were children during t...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amir M,Lev-Wiesel R

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic stress is linked to a deficit in associative episodic memory.

    abstract::Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are haunted by persistent memories of the trauma, but ironically are impaired in memories of daily life. The current set of 4 experiments compared new learning and memory of emotionally neutral content in 2 groups of patients and aged- and education-matched control...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guez J,Naveh-Benjamin M,Yankovsky Y,Cohen J,Shiber A,Shalev H

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Resiliency among individuals with childhood sexual abuse and HIV: perspectives on addressing sexual trauma.

    abstract::This study examined how resiliency (represented by optimism, social support, religiosity, and finding growth and meaning), within the context of perceived impact of sexual trauma and HIV-related stress, was linked to perspectives on addressing trauma among individuals (N=266) with HIV and childhood sexual abuse (CSA)....

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tarakeshwar N,Hansen NB,Kochman A,Fox A,Sikkema KJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in injured children.

    abstract::This study indexed the relationship between acute stress disorder (ASD) and subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in injured children. Consecutive children between 7-13 years admitted to a hospital after traumatic injury (n = 76) were assessed for ASD. Children were followed up 6-months posttrauma (n = 62), ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bryant RA,Salmon K,Sinclair E,Davidson P

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral predictors of acute stress symptoms during intense military training.

    abstract::A better understanding of factors influencing human responses to acute stress is needed to enhance prevention and treatment of stress-related disorders. In the current study, the authors examined predictors of acute stress symptoms during intense military training in 35 men. In univariate and multivariate models, perc...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor MK,Mujica-Parodi LR,Padilla GA,Markham AE,Potterat EG,Momen N,Sander TC,Larson GE

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Web-based methods in terrorism and disaster research.

    abstract::This article provides an overview of the use of the Internet for conducting studies after terrorist attacks and other large-scale disasters. We begin with a brief summary of the scientific and logistical challenges of conducting such research, followed by a description of some of the most important design features tha...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schlenger WE,Silver RC

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Children's mental health care following Hurricane Katrina: a field trial of trauma-focused psychotherapies.

    abstract::New Orleans school children participated in an assessment and field trial of two interventions 15 months after Hurricane Katrina. Children (N = 195) reported on hurricane exposure, lifetime trauma exposure, peer and parent support, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive symptoms. Teachers reported on beh...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Jaycox LH,Cohen JA,Mannarino AP,Walker DW,Langley AK,Gegenheimer KL,Scott M,Schonlau M

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00