Increasing severity of haematuria with successive pregnancies in a woman with renal angiomyolipoma.


OBJECTIVE:To report a case of a 31-year-old woman with renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) who presented with progressive massive haematuria with successive pregnancies. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:A 28-year-old woman presented with mild haematuria in the third trimester of her second pregnancy. This was due to bleeding from a left RAML. Patient became pregnant for a third time. The RAML increased in size and patient bled more during the third trimester. After delivery she refused partial nephrectomy or renal embolisation. In the third trimester of the fourth pregnancy, she presented with massive haematuria, shock, severe anaemia (haemoglobin of 6gm/l) and required a total of 26 units of blood transfusion during a 4-week period. She required emergency Caesarian section at 36 weeks and simple nephrectomy 3 months postpartum. CONCLUSION:The risk of profuse haemorrhage from RAML may increase with successive pregnancies in women with RAML. This anomaly should be treated in between pregnancies by either angioembolisation or resectional surgery.


Int Urol Nephrol


Al-Ateeqi A,Ali RH,Kehinde EO,Mujaibel K,Al-Hunayan A,Al-Harmi J




Has Abstract


2007-01-01 00:00:00












  • Cephalosporins periprostatic injection: are really effective on infections following prostate biopsy?

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare the antibiotic prophylaxis based on quinolone administered orally with a combination of cephalosporin administered periprostatically and a fluoroquinolone orally, in terms of post-prostate bioptic infectious complication rates in those men undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRU...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pace G,Carmignani L,Marenghi C,Mombelli G,Bozzini G

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • A review of children operated upon because of stenosis of the pelvo-ureteral junction.

    abstract::The authors report the late results of reconstructive surgery on stenosis of the pelvo-ureteral junction in children. 69 patients had been operated during 1965--1970. The results on clinical grounds were good: the infections and pain disappeared and the renal function was normal; however, the operation had no noticeab...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iversen K,Jacobsson B,Rubensson A

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • Study of infective (secondary) renal calculus formation in vitro.

    abstract::The factors of infective calculus formation and the conditions favoring their prevention were studied by examining in vitro the role of the most common representative of urease-producing bacteria, Proteus mirabilis. The stream of Proteus-containing urine was found to form deposits of magnesium ammonium phosphate, carb...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frang D,Götz F,Nagy Z,Gimes L,Kocsis B

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • From bench to the hemodialysis clinic: protein-bound uremic toxins modulate NF-κB/Nrf2 expression.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Uremic toxins produced by gut microbiota (indoxyl sulfate-IS, p-cresyl sulfate-p-CS, and indole-3-acetic acid-IAA) accumulate in hemodialysis (HD) patients and exhibit potent inflammatory effects. However, the impact of these toxins on nuclear E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) expres...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stockler-Pinto MB,Soulage CO,Borges NA,Cardozo LFMF,Dolenga CJ,Nakao LS,Pecoits-Filho R,Fouque D,Mafra D

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Urolithiasis in northeast Bombay: seasonal prevalence and chemical composition of stones.

    abstract::The seasonal prevalence of urinary calculus disease from the records of L.T. Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Bombay, which primarily caters services to poor people of Northeast Bombay, especially Dharavi slum area, is reported. The qualitative and quantitative compositions of stones collected from the patients of Dh...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hussain F,Billimoria FR,Singh PP

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • A malignant Leydig cell tumor of the testis.

    abstract::A 40-year-old man was referred to our hospital with gynecomastia and painless swelling of the right scrotum. Ultrasonography revealed a 15 x 10 mm mass with low echogenicity of the right testis. We performed right high orchiectomy. Histologically, Reinke's crystals and capsular invasion by tumor cells were found. Fina...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sugimoto K,Matsumoto S,Nose K,Kurita T,Uemura H,Park YC,Hanai J

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Silicon transfer during haemodialysis.

    abstract::Silicon transfers were examined during haemodialysis (HD) in 120 chronic HD patients who received 5-hour dialyses 3 times a week. Si levels were measured by flameless atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Ultrafiltrable Si levels approximately equalled dialysate Si levels. Serum Si levels before HD significantly increa...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hosokawa S,Yoshida O

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • The association of preoperative reduced glomerular filtration rate with higher staging and histology grades in patients with urinary tract cancers.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Studies have shown the increased incidence of urinary tract cancers which are associated with a decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). We hypothesized that patients with GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 have an increased risk for higher staging and histology grades of cancers and, therefore, the increased risk fo...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Premuzic V,Hudolin T,Penezic L,Golubic I,Gamulin M,Jelakovic B,Kastelan Z

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio predicts overall and cardiovascular mortality in maintenance peritoneal dialysis patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is widely used as a marker of inflammation and an indicator of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, its prognostic value in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is still unknown. METHODS:We studied 138 newly started PD patients and 60 h...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: An X,Mao HP,Wei X,Chen JH,Yang X,Li ZB,Yu XQ,Li ZJ

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of perioperative prophylaxis with fosfomycin tromethamine in ureteroscopic stone removal: an investigator-driven prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of fosfomycin tromethamine with other standard-of-care antibiotics in patients undergoing ureteroscopic lithotripsy. METHODS:This study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial. Eligible patients scheduled for ureteroscopic lithotripsy wer...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Qiao LD,Chen S,Lin YH,Li JX,Hu WG,Hou JP,Cui L

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The incidence of rectal bleeding following three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy of prostatic cancer.

    abstract::This study evaluated the incidence of rectal bleeding in patients with prostatic carcinoma treated with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). A total of 32 patients received mean 68.87 Gy 3D-CRT, the mean follow up time was 23.68 months. There was not statistically significant difference between the group...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kurtman C

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Oxybutynin hydrochloride in the management of detrusor instability.

    abstract::The results of an investigation dealing with the therapy of instability of the detrusor using oxybutynin hydrochloride are presented. Out of an unselected group of patients 21 were enrolled in the trial. After therapy 19 patients showed significant improvement of subjective symptoms and objective urodynamic parameters...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Primus G,Pummer K

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sleep disorders: a systematic review of an emerging major clinical issue in renal patients.

    abstract::The prevalence of sleep disorders is significantly higher (up to 80%) in patients with chronic uremia compared to the general population. Sleep disorders appear even in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. These disturbances are complex, including difficulties in falling asleep and awakening, interrupted sleep,...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gusbeth-Tatomir P,Boisteanu D,Seica A,Buga C,Covic A

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic effects and associated adverse events of first-line treatments of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC): a meta-analysis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare the therapeutic effects and adverse events (AE) of current first-line treatments of advanced RCC, including sorafenib, sunitinib, temsirolimus, and the combination of bevacizumab and IFN-α. METHODS:We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of the effectiveness of the five treatmen...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Wang L,Ma L,Wang X,Li B,Guo S,Qiao Q

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Comparisons of percutaneous versus retroperitoneoscopic cryoablation for renal masses.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Preserving renal function and controlling oncological outcomes are pertinent while managing renal tumours. We compared outcomes of percutaneous cryoablation (PCA) and retroperitoneoscopic cryoablation (RCA) in patients with renal neoplasms. METHODS:We identified 108 patients with renal tumours at two medical c...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Liu HY,Shen SH,Hsu LN,Chiang PH

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of thermochemotherapy with mitomycin C on normal bladder urothelium, an experimental study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the effects of thermochemotherapy with mitomycin C (MMC) on normal rabbit bladder urothelium and to compare it with standard intravesical MMC and hyperthermia with normal saline. METHODS:Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits, with a mean weight of 2.7 kg (in weight of 2.1–4.3 kg), were divided in...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uçar M,Altok M,Umul M,Bayram D,Armağan İ,Güneş M,Çapkin T,Soyupek S

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the efficacy of masturbation on distal ureteral stones: a prospective, randomized, controlled study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the effect of masturbation on the spontaneous expulsion of distal ureteral stones 5-10 mm in size. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A total of 128 men with distal ureteral stones were randomly divided into 3 groups. All patients received standard medical therapy. Patients in group 1 (n = 43) were instructed to...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turgut H,Sarıer M

    更新日期:2020-10-07 00:00:00

  • Spontaneous renal hemorrhage: critical analysis of different lines of management in non-traumatic patients: a single tertiary center experience.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To assess clinical presentation and outcomes of different treatment strategies in cases of spontaneous renal hemorrhage (SRH). METHODS:A retrospective analysis of patients with SRH between 2000 and 2018 was performed. Patients' demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory and radiological investigations, an...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elbaset MA,Zahran MH,El-Baz R,Badawy M,Osman Y

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Alprostadil protects type 2 diabetes mellitus patients treated with metformin from contrast-induced nephropathy.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients treated with metformin are predisposed to develop contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after received emergency contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination. We evaluated the protective effects of alprostadil on CIN in T2DM patients treated with metformin after c...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wang J,Ai X,Li L,Gao Y,Sun N,Li C,Sun W

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Glomerular diseases in the elderly in India.

    abstract::Three hundred fifteen (315) elderly (> or = 60 years) patients with clinical renal diseases were evaluated for the evidence of glomerular diseases between November 1998 to June 2002. Glomerular diseases (GN) were observed in 20.6% (65/315) of the elderly patients. The age of the patients (male 56; female 9) ranged bet...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prakash J,Singh AK,Saxena RK,Usha

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • A case of testicular rhabdomyosarcoma.

    abstract::Pure testicular rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare tumor and 7 cases have been reported in literature. A 20-year-old male patient presented with a painless right testicular swelling who underwent inguinal orchiectomy with suspicion of testicular malignancy. The case was regarded as an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma according...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erbay ME,Tarhan F,Barişik NO,Kuyumcuoğlu U

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in patients with end stage renal disease--two case reports and a brief review.

    abstract::Chronic renal failure is a risk factor for tuberculosis. In the past five years we have identified two cases of tuberculosis in our dialysis population. The first patient, showed chronic failure to thrive on hemodialysis. An enlarged cervical lymph node was biopsied and, although no acid fast bacilli (AFB) were seen, ...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lund RJ,Koch MJ,Oldemeyer JB,Meares AJ,Dunlay RW

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Topical rectal antiseptic at time of prostate biopsy: how a resident patient safety project has evolved into institutional practice.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report outcomes 5 years after a resident quality initiative incorporated topical rectal antiseptic into our ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy (TRUS PNB) protocol. METHODS:A chart review was conducted on 1007 men who underwent TRUS PNB between 2010 and 2017. Comparison groups include those who receive...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park R,Gyorfi J,Dewan K,Kirimanjeswara G,Clark JY,Kaag MG,Lehman K,Raman JD

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Renal survival and risk factors in IgA nephropathy with crescents.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The association between crescents and renal outcomes was inconsistent in a Chinese IgA nephropathy (IgAN) cohort, and limited research has investigated the prognosis of IgAN patients with crescents. METHODS:Between January 2008 and January 2013, 169 consecutive IgAN patients with crescents in the Xijing Hospit...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma F,Liu L,Dong R,Yang X,Wei L,Li L,Bai M,Sun S

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic role of pelvic lymphadenectomy in carcinoma of the prostate: own experiences.

    abstract::Precise determination of the extent of lymph node involvement is of decisive importance for therapy of prostatic cancer. For this reason staging pelvic lymphadenectomy is fully indicated. Some authors expect from pelvic lymphadenectomy a therapeutic effect, too. The procedure is performed as a part of radical prostate...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morávek P

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Immune reactivity of renal transplant recipients receiving interleukin-2 receptor antagonists during the early posttransplant period.

    abstract:PURPOSE:There is a need for methods that would enable monitoring of the effects of immunosuppression on the recipient's immune system to avoid rejection, immunodeficiency-related complications and non-immune toxicities of the drugs used in therapy. METHODS:This prospective trial included thirty patients who underwent ...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Zivčić-Ćosić S,Lisjak J,Rački S,Trobonjača Z

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serum cadmium levels are independently associated with endothelial function in hemodialysis patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at risk of deficiency of essential trace elements and excess of toxic trace elements. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relation between the serum levels of some trace elements and heavy metals (iron, zinc, manganese, copper, magnesium, cobalt, cadmium, and lead) and endo...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaya Y,Ari E,Demir H,Gecit I,Beytur A,Kaspar C

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical characteristics and outcomes of HIV-seropositive men treated with surgery for prostate cancer.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The natural history and optimal management strategy for men with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and prostate cancer remain to be definitively characterized. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of HIV-seropositive men treated with robotic-assisted radical laparoscop...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Izadmehr S,Leapman M,Hobbs AR,Katsigeorgis M,Nabizada-Pace F,Jazayeri SB,Samadi DB

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic value of urinary cyclic AMP measurement in patients with calcium nephrolithiasis.

    abstract::One hundred patients with recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis were submitted to the Pak test. At fasting state hypercalciuria was found in 27 cases, while a group of 16 further patients became hypercalciuric after oral calcium load. Only measurement of urinary cAMP excretion in both conditions made it possible to diagno...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bianchi G,Galvanini G,Schiavone D,Facchinetti R,Malossini G,Lo Cascio V,Mobilio G

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Usefulness of non-invasive diagnostic methods for early detection of neoplasms of the urinary tract and male genitals among workers of the Mazovian Refining and Petrochemical Plant in Płock.

    abstract::The studies were aimed at the evaluation of the usefulness of non-invasive diagnostic methods including inquiry, clinical examination, transabdominal ultrasonography, cytologic examination of the urinary sediment, determination of blood serum concentrations of certain neoplastic markers, and urinalysis for early detec...

    journal_title:International urology and nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majek A,Miekoś E

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00