Characterization of bacteria that suppress rhizoctonia damping-off in bark compost media by analysis of Fatty Acid biomarkers.

Abstract:

:Examination of cucumber roots (Cucumis sativus L.) grown in bark compost media and of the surrounding edaphic substrate showed profiles of polar lipid fatty acids commonly found in bacteria. The composition of fatty acids in these profiles differed significantly between roots grown in a medium naturally suppressive to Rhizoctonia damping-off and roots from a conducive medium. Cucumber roots from the suppressive medium had higher proportions of cis-vaccenic acid (18:1 omega 7c) and the iso-branched monoenoic fatty acid i17:1 omega 8 but lower proportions of several iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids compared with roots from the conducive medium. The concentrations of the bacterial fatty acids were significantly lower in the surrounding media. However, the suppressive and conducive growth substrates had differences in the composition of the bacterial fatty acids similar to those found between the cucumber roots proper. These results suggest major differences in bacterial community composition between suppressive and conducive systems. Fatty acid analyses were also utilized to examine the effects on bacterial community composition of root colonization by Flavobacterium balustinum 299, a biocontrol agent. The concentration of the most prominent fatty acid in this bacterium, i17:1 omega 8, was increased on roots produced from inoculated seeds in a medium rendered suppressive by the treatment. This change was concomitant with a significant increase in the concentration of 18:1 omega 7c, not present in the lipids of the antagonist, indicating a shift in the microflora from a conducive to a suppressive bacterial community.

journal_name

Appl Environ Microbiol

authors

Tunlid A,Hoitink HA,Low C,White DC

doi

10.1128/AEM.55.6.1368-1374.1989

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1989-06-01 00:00:00

pages

1368-74

issue

6

eissn

0099-2240

issn

1098-5336

journal_volume

55

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Characterization of a granulovirus isolated from Epinotia aporema Wals. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) larvae.

    abstract::A granulovirus (GV) isolated from Epinotia aporema (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)-a major soybean pest-was studied in terms of its main morphological, biochemical, and biological properties. The ovoidal occlusion bodies were 466 by 296 nm in size, and their most prominent protein had an apparent molecular mass of 29 kDa. ...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.67.8.3702-3706.2001

    authors: Sciocco-Cap A,Parola AD,Goldberg AV,Ghiringhelli PD,Romanowski V

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation of Azospirillum lipoferum 4T Tn5 Mutants Affected in Melanization and Laccase Activity.

    abstract::Azospirillum lipoferum 4T has original properties such as nonmotility, melanin synthesis, and laccase activity. Following random Tn5 mutagenesis in A. lipoferum 4T, we obtained 10 mutants which were affected in melanization and laccase activity. The class 1 mutants, with intermediate levels of laccase activity, showed...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.60.9.3413-3415.1994

    authors: Faure D,Bouillant ML,Bally R

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Strain-specific genotyping of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis by using single-nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions, and deletions.

    abstract::Several probiotic strains of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis are widely supplemented into food products and dietary supplements due to their documented health benefits and ability to survive within the mammalian gastrointestinal tract and acidified dairy products. The strain specificity of these characteristics...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.01430-09

    authors: Briczinski EP,Loquasto JR,Barrangou R,Dudley EG,Roberts AM,Roberts RF

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterioplankton community structure and dynamics after large-scale release of nonindigenous bacteria as revealed by low-molecular-weight-RNA analysis.

    abstract::A set of freshwater mesocosms (1.7 m3 each) was inoculated with large amounts of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida, and their culture medium to substantially disturb the natural microbial community. To monitor microbial community dynamics, low-molecular-weight RNA (5S rRNA and tRNA) obtained directly from bacteriop...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.58.10.3387-3394.1992

    authors: Höfle MG

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • High-temperature enzymatic breakdown of cellulose.

    abstract::Cellulose is an abundant and renewable biopolymer that can be used for biofuel generation; however, structural entrapment with other cell wall components hinders enzyme-substrate interactions, a key bottleneck for ethanol production. Biomass is routinely subjected to treatments that facilitate cellulase-cellulose cont...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00199-11

    authors: Wang H,Squina F,Segato F,Mort A,Lee D,Pappan K,Prade R

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium spp. in Surface Water Supplies.

    abstract::[This corrects the article on p. 2610 in vol. 57.]. ...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.58.2.780-780.1992

    authors:

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Acetylene reduction assay for nitrogenase activity: gas chromatographic determination of ethylene per sample in less than one minute.

    abstract::Ammoniacal silver nitrate (10 mg/ml) was added to terminate acetylene reduction assays used to measure nitrogenase activity. Silver nitrate quantitatively precipitated acetylene as the carbide salt, but did not affect the ethylene formed. The vials containing ethylene can be analyzed gas chromatographically at the rat...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.39.5.1078-1080.1980

    authors: David KA,Apte SK,Banerji A,Thomas J

    更新日期:1980-05-01 00:00:00

  • Integration of metabolic modeling and phenotypic data in evaluation and improvement of ethanol production using respiration-deficient mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    abstract::Flux balance analysis and phenotypic data were used to provide clues to the relationships between the activities of gene products and the phenotypes resulting from the deletion of genes involved in respiratory function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The effect of partial or complete respiratory deficiency on the ethanol...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00009-08

    authors: Dikicioglu D,Pir P,Onsan ZI,Ulgen KO,Kirdar B,Oliver SG

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of Indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum and Rhizobium meliloti in Soils Amended with Organic Nutrients.

    abstract::The ability of indigenous Rhizobium leguminosarum and Rhizobium meliloti to use organic nutrients as growth substrates in soil was assessed by indirect bacteriophage analysis. A total of 17 organic compounds, including 9 carbohydrates, 3 organic acids, and 5 amino acids, were tested (1,000 mug g) in three soils with d...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.54.1.257-263.1988

    authors: Germida JJ

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Role of absolute humidity in the inactivation of influenza viruses on stainless steel surfaces at elevated temperatures.

    abstract::Influenza virus has been found to persist in the environment for hours to days, allowing for secondary transmission of influenza via inanimate objects known as fomites. We evaluated the efficacy of heat and moisture for the decontamination of surfaces for the purpose of preventing of the spread of influenza. Aqueous s...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.02674-09

    authors: McDevitt J,Rudnick S,First M,Spengler J

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular characterization of a gene encoding extracellular serine protease isolated from a subtilisin inhibitor-deficient mutant of Streptomyces albogriseolus S-3253.

    abstract::An extracellular serine protease produced by a mutant, M1, derived from Streptomyces albogriseolus S-3253 that no longer produces a protease inhibitor (Streptomyces subtilisin inhibitor [SSI]) was isolated. A 20-kDa protein was purified by its affinity for SSI and designated SAM-P20. The amino acid sequence of the ami...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.61.1.180-186.1995

    authors: Taguchi S,Odaka A,Watanabe Y,Momose H

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Degradation pathway of bisphenol A: does ipso substitution apply to phenols containing a quaternary alpha-carbon structure in the para position?

    abstract::The degradation of bisphenol A and nonylphenol involves the unusual rearrangement of stable carbon-carbon bonds. Some nonylphenol isomers and bisphenol A possess a quaternary alpha-carbon atom as a common structural feature. The degradation of nonylphenol in Sphingomonas sp. strain TTNP3 occurs via a type II ipso subs...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00329-07

    authors: Kolvenbach B,Schlaich N,Raoui Z,Prell J,Zühlke S,Schäffer A,Guengerich FP,Corvini PF

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic Airway Colonization by Achromobacter xylosoxidans in Cystic Fibrosis Patients Is Not Sustained by Their Domestic Environment.

    abstract::Achromobacter spp. are nonfermentative Gram-negative bacilli considered emergent pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF). Although some cross-transmission events between CF patients have been described, Achromobacter strains were mostly patient specific, suggesting sporadic acquisitions from nonhuman reservoirs. However, so...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.01739-18

    authors: Dupont C,Jumas-Bilak E,Doisy C,Aujoulat F,Chiron R,Marchandin H

    更新日期:2018-11-15 00:00:00

  • Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in wild birds and rodents in close proximity to farms.

    abstract::Wild animals living close to cattle and pig farms (four each) were examined for verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC; also known as Shiga toxin-producing E. coli). The prevalence of VTEC among the 260 samples from wild animals was generally low. However, VTEC isolates from a starling (Sturnus vulgaris) and a...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.70.11.6944-6947.2004

    authors: Nielsen EM,Skov MN,Madsen JJ,Lodal J,Jespersen JB,Baggesen DL

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Application of rapid dot blot immunoassay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in eggs, poultry, and other foods.

    abstract::Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was detected in artificially inoculated eggs within 24 h through a rapid monoclonal antibody-based dot blot immunoassay. Detection in poultry and other products required 28 h. Samples were directly enriched in homogenized egg without the need for pre- or postenrichment steps. Se...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.67.1.459-461.2001

    authors: Yoshimasu MA,Zawistowski J

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Size-selective predation on groundwater bacteria by nanoflagellates in an organic-contaminated aquifer.

    abstract::Time series incubations were conducted to provide estimates for the size selectivities and rates of protistan grazing that may be occurring in a sandy, contaminated aquifer. The experiments involved four size classes of fluorescently labeled groundwater bacteria (FLB) and 2- to 3-microns-long nanoflagellates, primaril...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.64.2.618-625.1998

    authors: Kinner NE,Harvey RW,Blakeslee K,Novarino G,Meeker LD

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Use of amino acids as inducers for high-level protein expression in the single-protein production system.

    abstract::By taking advantage of MazF, an ACA codon-specific mRNA interferase, Escherichia coli cells can be converted into a bioreactor producing only a single protein of interest by using an ACA-less mRNA for the protein. In this single-protein production (SPP) system, we engineered MazF by replacing two tryptophan residues i...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00815-10

    authors: Vaiphei ST,Mao L,Shimazu T,Park JH,Inouye M

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterial growth stimulation with exogenous siderophore and synthetic N-acyl homoserine lactone autoinducers under iron-limited and low-nutrient conditions.

    abstract::The growth of marine bacteria under iron-limited conditions was investigated. Neither siderophore production nor bacterial growth was detected for Pelagiobacter sp. strain V0110 when Fe(III) was present in the culture medium at a concentration of <1.0 microM. However, the growth of V0110 was strongly stimulated by the...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/aem.66.7.2797-2803.2000

    authors: Guan LL,Onuki H,Kamino K

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Global molecular and morphological effects of 24-hour chromium(VI) exposure on Shewanella oneidensis MR-1.

    abstract::The biological impact of 24-h ("chronic") chromium(VI) [Cr(VI) or chromate] exposure on Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 was assessed by analyzing cellular morphology as well as genome-wide differential gene and protein expression profiles. Cells challenged aerobically with an initial chromate concentration of 0.3 mM in com...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00813-06

    authors: Chourey K,Thompson MR,Morrell-Falvey J,Verberkmoes NC,Brown SD,Shah M,Zhou J,Doktycz M,Hettich RL,Thompson DK

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Species diversity of and toxin production by Gibberella fujikuroi species complex strains isolated from native prairie grasses in Kansas.

    abstract::Fusarium species from agricultural crops have been well studied with respect to toxin production and genetic diversity, while similar studies of communities from nonagricultural plants are much more limited. We examined 72 Fusarium isolates from a native North American tallgrass prairie and found that Gibberella inter...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/aem.70.4.2254-2262.2004

    authors: Leslie JF,Zeller KA,Logrieco A,Mulè G,Moretti A,Ritieni A

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Intercity spread of echovirus 6 in Shandong Province, China: application of environmental surveillance in tracing circulating enteroviruses.

    abstract::Environmental surveillance is an effective approach in investigating circulating enteroviruses and had been conducted in the cities of Jinan and Linyi since February 2008 and April 2010, respectively. This study analyzed 46 sewage samples collected in the two cities in 2011 and found that echovirus 6 (E6) was the pred...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.01861-12

    authors: Tao Z,Song Y,Wang H,Zhang Y,Yoshida H,Ji S,Xu A,Song L,Liu Y,Cui N,Ji F,Li Y,Chen P,Xu W

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of bacterial distribution and activity on conjugal gene transfer on the phylloplane of the bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris).

    abstract::Conjugal plasmid transfer was examined on the phylloplane of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and related to the spatial distribution pattern and metabolic activity of the bacteria. The donor (Pseudomonas putida KT2442) harbored a derivative of the TOL plasmid, which conferred kanamycin resistance and had the gfp gene insert...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.64.5.1902-1909.1998

    authors: Normander B,Christensen BB,Molin S,Kroer N

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of methylglyoxal synthase from Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 and its use in the formation of 1, 2-propanediol.

    abstract::A gene encoding a putative 150-amino-acid methylglyoxal synthase was identified in Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824. The enzyme was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Methylglyoxal synthase has a native molecular mass of 60 kDa and an optimum pH of 7.5. The Km and Vmax values for the substrate dihydrox...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.65.7.3244-3247.1999

    authors: Huang K,Rudolph FB,Bennett GN

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • General Biochemical Characterization of Thermostable Pullulanase and Glucoamylase from Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum.

    abstract::Cell extracts of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum, an anaerobic bacterium which ferments starch into ethanol at 65 degrees C, contained both pullulanase and glucoamylase activities. The general physiochemical and catalytic properties of these enzyme activities were compared. Pullulanase and glucoamylase activities we...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.49.5.1168-1173.1985

    authors: Hyun HH,Zeikus JG

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pyrosequencing-based assessment of soil pH as a predictor of soil bacterial community structure at the continental scale.

    abstract::Soils harbor enormously diverse bacterial populations, and soil bacterial communities can vary greatly in composition across space. However, our understanding of the specific changes in soil bacterial community structure that occur across larger spatial scales is limited because most previous work has focused on eithe...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.00335-09

    authors: Lauber CL,Hamady M,Knight R,Fierer N

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Use of 16S rRNA gene-targeted group-specific primers for real-time PCR analysis of predominant bacteria in human feces.

    abstract::16S rRNA gene-targeted group-specific primers were designed and validated for specific detection and quantification of the Clostridium leptum subgroup and the Atopobium cluster. To monitor the predominant bacteria in human feces by real-time PCR, we used these specific primers together with four sets of group-specific...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.70.12.7220-7228.2004

    authors: Matsuki T,Watanabe K,Fujimoto J,Takada T,Tanaka R

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of hydrophobicity of utilization of peptides by ruminal bacteria in vitro.

    abstract::When mixed ruminal bacteria were incubated with a pancreatic casein hydrolysate and free amino acids of a similar composition, rates of ammonia production were much greater for peptides than for amino acids. The pancreatic digest of casein was then fractionated with 90% isopropyl alcohol. Hydrophobic peptides which di...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.53.9.2021-2025.1987

    authors: Chen G,Strobel HJ,Russell JB,Sniffen CJ

    更新日期:1987-09-01 00:00:00

  • Physical covering for control of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in static and windrow composting processes.

    abstract::This study investigated the effect of a 30-cm covering of finished compost (FC) on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in active static and windrow composting systems. Feedstocks inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 (7.41 log CFU/g) and Salmonella (6.46 log CFU/g) were placed in biosentry tubes (7.5-cm...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.04002-14

    authors: Patel JR,Yossa I,Macarisin D,Millner P

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular characterization of natural Erwinia pyrifoliae strains deficient in hypersensitive response.

    abstract::From necrotic tissue of a Nashi pear tree, 24 Erwinia pyrifoliae strains, found to be identical by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis, were isolated. Thirteen strains were not virulent on immature pears and did not induce a hypersensitive response in tobacco leaves. The defective gene hrpL was complemented with...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/aem.69.1.679-682.2003

    authors: Jock S,Kim WS,Barny MA,Geider K

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Identification of Lactococcus lactis genes required for bacteriophage adsorption.

    abstract::The aim of this work was to identify genes in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IL1403 and Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris Wg2 important for adsorption of the 936-species phages bIL170 and phi 645, respectively. Random insertional mutagenesis of the two L. lactis strains was carried out with the vector pGh9:ISS1, an...

    journal_title:Applied and environmental microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1128/AEM.70.10.5825-5832.2004

    authors: Dupont K,Janzen T,Vogensen FK,Josephsen J,Stuer-Lauridsen B

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00