Role of REM sleep and dream variables in the prediction of remission from depression.


:To test the hypothesis that REM sleep and/or dreams contribute to overnight mood regulation, 61 subjects were tested on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and for 3 nights of monitored sleep on two occasions, once close to, and 1 year after, a marital separation. Forty-nine percent of the variance in the follow-up BDI could be accounted for by the initial BDI score, and three sleep and dream variables associated with the mood regulatory hypothesis: eye movement density in the first REM, strength of the affect in the first dream and total number of negative dreams recalled from REM awakenings. Among the 39 who met BDI depression criteria initially, 71.8% could be classified correctly as remitted or not remitted at follow-up by discriminant function analysis based on the presence of negative dreams the first vs. second half of the night. Subjects reporting more negative dreams at the beginning and fewer at the night's end were more likely to be in remission 1 year later than were those with fewer negative dreams at the beginning and more at the end of the night. Early negative dreams may reflect a within-sleep mood regulation process taking place, while those that occur later may indicate a failure in the completion of this process.


Psychiatry Res


Psychiatry research


Cartwright R,Young MA,Mercer P,Bears M




Has Abstract


1998-09-21 00:00:00














  • Oral health and the symptoms of schizophrenia.

    abstract::The objectives of this study were to evaluate the oral health of a group of schizophrenic outpatients and a control group without psychiatric illness. The study also aimed to assess the influence of positive and negative symptomatology on oral health among outpatients with schizophrenia. The DMF-T Index (sum of decaye...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnaiz A,Zumárraga M,Díez-Altuna I,Uriarte JJ,Moro J,Pérez-Ansorena MA

    更新日期:2011-06-30 00:00:00

  • Dysfunctional parental styles perceived during childhood in outpatients with substance use disorders.

    abstract::People who suffer from substance use disorders (SUDs) frequently report to have undergone childhood adversity that is often associated with father or mother dysfunction, or both. Yet that issue has been barely addressed in opiate dependent patients. Therefore we sought to evaluate parent-specific dysfunctional styles ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Icick R,Lauer S,Romo L,Dupuy G,Lépine JP,Vorspan F

    更新日期:2013-12-15 00:00:00

  • Low HVA and normal 5HIAA CSF levels in drug-free schizophrenic patients compared to healthy volunteers: correlations to symptomatology and family history.

    abstract::Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of homovanillic acid (HVA) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) were determined in 40 drug-free schizophrenic patients and 21 healthy volunteers by a mass fragmentographic method. Twenty-one of the schizophrenic patients were first admissions who had never received neuroleptics. Sign...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindström LH

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors of agitation in newly hospitalized schizophrenia patients in China: An observational survey.

    abstract::This multi-center observational study investigated the prevalence of agitation in newly hospitalized schizophrenia patients in China and its potential risk factors. It was performed in 2014 and covered 14 hospitals. Newly hospitalized patients with schizophrenia or suspected schizophrenia who met the diagnostic criter...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mi W,Zhang S,Liu Q,Yang F,Wang Y,Li T,Mei Q,He H,Chen Z,Su Z,Liu T,Xie S,Tan Q,Zhang J,Zhang C,Sang H,Chen W,Shi L,Li L,Shi Y,Guo L,Zhang H,Lu L

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Visual impairments in tobacco use disorder.

    abstract::Prior studies found small effects of chronic smoking on spatial and color vision, but they were inconclusive. This study tries to: (1) replicate and extend these previous findings, and (2) rule in that this relationship is pronounced by tobacco addiction. Data were recorded in 71 healthy controls (M = 33.5 years; SD =...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernandes TP,Silverstein SM,Almeida NL,Santos NA

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative electroencephalographic analyses in cocaine-preferring polysubstance abusers during abstinence.

    abstract::Quantitative electroencephalographic (QEEG) analyses are presented for a group of 90 subjects recovering from polysubstance abuse (median = 90 days abstinent) who preferentially used cocaine. QEEGs showed significant decreases from normal in both absolute and relative delta power and decreased theta power in both abso...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roemer RA,Cornwell A,Dewart D,Jackson P,Ercegovac DV

    更新日期:1995-10-16 00:00:00

  • Diffusion tensor imaging in dementia with Lewy bodies and Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a common form of dementia, with fewer memory deficits, and more visuo-perceptual problems than Alzheimer's disease (AD). We hypothesized that there would be disease specific alterations revealed by diffusion tensor imaging with AD showing temporal lobe and DLB more parietal changes. ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Firbank MJ,Blamire AM,Krishnan MS,Teodorczuk A,English P,Gholkar A,Harrison RM,O'Brien JT

    更新日期:2007-07-15 00:00:00

  • A new scale for assessing behavioral agitation in dementia.

    abstract::The primary purpose of the present study was to develop a reliable and valid rating instrument for assessing treatment efficacy for behavioral problems in the cognitively impaired elderly. The Behavioral and Emotional Activities Manifested in Dementia (BEAM-D) Scale was developed for the operational assessment of trou...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sinha D,Zemlan FP,Nelson S,Bienenfeld D,Thienhaus O,Ramaswamy G,Hamilton S

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Deficits in inhibitory executive functions in Klinefelter (47, XXY) syndrome.

    abstract::Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY) is a sex chromosome aneuploidy associated with mild deficits in cognitive and language functions. Dysfunctions have also been reported in performance of tasks which examine executive functions. However, it is unclear whether the impaired performance is caused or accentuated by problems w...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kompus K,Westerhausen R,Nilsson LG,Hugdahl K,Jongstra S,Berglund A,Arver S,Savic I

    更新日期:2011-08-30 00:00:00

  • Replication analysis for composition of the Delirium Motor Subtype Scale (DMSS) in a referral cohort from Northern India.

    abstract::The Delirium Motor Subtype Scale (DMSS) was developed by discerning the best differentiating motor activity symptoms from the Delirium Motor Checklist (DMC), a compilation of psychomotor symptoms from other subjective scales. To broaden its validation we replicated the original work done in a palliative care populatio...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grover S,Mattoo SK,Aarya KR,Pratim Das P,Chakrabarty K,Trzepacz P,Gupta N,Meagher D

    更新日期:2013-03-30 00:00:00

  • Are there differential relationships between different types of childhood maltreatment and different types of adult personality pathology?

    abstract::While considerable data support the relationship between childhood trauma and adult personality pathology in general, there is little research investigating the specific relationships between different types of childhood maltreatment and adult personality disorders. The present study tested a model incorporating five ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen LJ,Tanis T,Bhattacharjee R,Nesci C,Halmi W,Galynker I

    更新日期:2014-01-30 00:00:00

  • The role of persistent and incident major depression on rate of cognitive deterioration in newly diagnosed Alzheimer's disease patients.

    abstract::Depression may potentially impair the clinical course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate cognitive progression of AD patients with or without major depressive episode (MDE). In this 1-year longitudinal follow-up study conducted in three Italian memory clinics, 119 newly diagnos...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spalletta G,Caltagirone C,Girardi P,Gianni W,Casini AR,Palmer K

    更新日期:2012-07-30 00:00:00

  • Stress underestimation and mental health literacy of depression in Japanese workers: A cross-sectional study.

    abstract::Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore ha...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakamura-Taira N,Izawa S,Yamada KC

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of outcomes in outpatients with anorexia nervosa - Results from the ANTOP study.

    abstract::This study aimed to determine predictors of BMI and recovery for outpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN). Patients were participants of the ANTOP (Anorexia Nervosa Treatment of Out-Patients) trial and randomized to focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT), enhanced cognitive behavior therapy (CBT-E), or optimized treatment as...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Wild B,Friederich HC,Zipfel S,Resmark G,Giel K,Teufel M,Schellberg D,Löwe B,de Zwaan M,Zeeck A,Herpertz S,Burgmer M,von Wietersheim J,Tagay S,Dinkel A,Herzog W

    更新日期:2016-10-30 00:00:00

  • Combined ECT and neuroleptic therapy in treatment-refractory schizophrenia: prediction of outcome.

    abstract::There have been scanty reports of the clinical features of schizophrenic patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). This prospective study examined clinical characteristics and predictive factors associated with therapeutic outcome. Two hundred and ninety-three patients with refractory schizophrenia were t...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chanpattana W,Chakrabhand ML

    更新日期:2001-12-15 00:00:00

  • Age at onset and gender resemblance in bipolar siblings.

    abstract::In order to measure the intrafamilial correlation for age at onset and to examine gender resemblance among bipolar siblings, we assessed a sample of 130 bipolar patients belonging to 59 multiple affected sibships. To study the intrafamilial resemblance for age at onset and gender, we used the intraclass correlation an...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leboyer M,Bellivier F,McKeon P,Albus M,Borrman M,Perez-Diaz F,Mynett-Johnson L,Feingold J,Maier W

    更新日期:1998-11-16 00:00:00

  • Altered sensitization patterns to sweet food stimuli in patients recovered from anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

    abstract::Recent studies show that higher-order appetitive neural circuitry may contribute to restricted eating in anorexia nervosa (AN) and overeating in bulimia nervosa (BN). The purpose of this study was to determine whether sensitization effects might underlie pathologic eating behavior when a taste stimulus is administered...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wagner A,Simmons AN,Oberndorfer TA,Frank GK,McCurdy-McKinnon D,Fudge JL,Yang TT,Paulus MP,Kaye WH

    更新日期:2015-12-30 00:00:00

  • Major depressive disorder and depressive symptoms in intermittent explosive disorder.

    abstract::It is estimated that between 1.7 and 2.6 million people have had intermittent explosive disorder (IED) during their life in the United States alone. Co-occurring psychiatric disorders are very common in IED, being major depressive disorder arguably the most common. The objective of this study was to examine the clinic...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Medeiros GC,Seger L,Grant JE,Tavares H

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Application of the seven-factor model of personality to early childhood.

    abstract::The seven-factor model of personality developed by Cloninger and colleagues describes personality as a function of developmental aspects of character superimposed on heritable dimensions of temperament. The objective of this study was to determine whether this model could be applied to early childhood. We tested a pre...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Constantino JN,Cloninger CR,Clarke AR,Hashemi B,Przybeck T

    更新日期:2002-04-15 00:00:00

  • Do patients from the Democratic Republic of Congo with schizophrenia have facial emotion recognition deficits?

    abstract::Patients with schizophrenia can have difficulty recognizing emotion, and the impact of this difficulty on social functioning has been widely reported. However, earlier studies did not thoroughly explore how this deficit may vary according to emotion intensity, or how it may differ among individuals and across cultures...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kitoko GMB,Maurage P,Peyroux E,Ma Miezi SM,Gillain B,Constant E

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Brain structure and function correlates of cognitive subtypes in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Stable neuropsychological deficits may provide a reliable basis for identifying etiological subtypes of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to identify clusters of individuals with schizophrenia based on dimensions of neuropsychological performance, and to characterize their neural correlates. We acquired neurops...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Geisler D,Walton E,Naylor M,Roessner V,Lim KO,Charles Schulz S,Gollub RL,Calhoun VD,Sponheim SR,Ehrlich S

    更新日期:2015-10-30 00:00:00

  • Validity and reliability of a scale to assess fatigue.

    abstract::A visual analogue scale to evaluate fatigue severity (VAS-F) was developed and tested in a sample of 75 healthy individuals and a sample of 57 patients undergoing medical evaluation for sleep disorders. The scale consists of 18 items related to fatigue and energy, has simple instructions, and is completed with minimal...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee KA,Hicks G,Nino-Murcia G

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Heart rate variability in adolescents with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and anorexia nervosa.

    abstract::Aim of this study consisted in assessing the 24-h heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance, in 21 adolescents with functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA, 11 normogonadotropic, N-FHA, and 10 hypogonadotropic, Hy-FHA) compared to 21 patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 21 ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bomba M,Corbetta F,Gambera A,Nicosia F,Bonini L,Neri F,Tremolizzo L,Nacinovich R

    更新日期:2014-02-28 00:00:00

  • An epidemiological study on the prevalence of hallucinations in a general-population sample: Effects of age and sensory modality.

    abstract::Epidemiological studies have repeatedly shown that a significant minority of the general population have experienced hallucinations, however, a potential effect of age on the prevalence of hallucinations in the general population has never been previously examined in a specific study. The aim of the present study was ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larøi F,Bless JJ,Laloyaux J,Kråkvik B,Vedul-Kjelsås E,Kalhovde AM,Hirnstein M,Hugdahl K

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Testing a new interpersonal model of disordered eating between Australian and East-Asian women: The relationships between theory of mind, maladaptive schemas, and appearance-based rejection sensitivity.

    abstract::The current study tested a new interpersonal model of disordered eating behaviours, whereby maladaptive schemas and theory of mind decoding (ToM-decoding) were related with disordered eating attitudes (body dissatisfaction) and behaviours (binging/purging and food restriction) through the mediating variable appearance...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kimball H,Fuller-Tyszkiewicz M,De Paoli T,McKinlay A,Krug I

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Circulating miRNA associated with posttraumatic stress disorder in a cohort of military combat veterans.

    abstract::Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) affects many returning combat veterans, but underlying biological mechanisms remain unclear. In order to compare circulating micro RNA (miRNA) of combat veterans with and without PTSD, peripheral blood from 24 subjects was collected following deployment, and isolated miRNA was sequ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin CG,Kim H,Yun S,Livingston W,Fetta J,Mysliwiec V,Baxter T,Gill JM

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Illness severity, trait anxiety, cognitive impairment and heart rate variability in bipolar disorder.

    abstract::Numerous studies have documented a significant association between symptom severity and cognitive functioning in bipolar disorder (BD). These findings advanced speculations about a potential link between the physiological stress associated with illness severity and cognitive dysfunction. To explore this hypothesis, th...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy B

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00

  • Sex-related variation of neurocognitive functioning in bipolar disorder: Focus on visual memory and associative learning.

    abstract::Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with cognitive deficits in attention, verbal memory and executive functions. However, only few studies have examined sex effects on cognition despite their clinical relevance. Given that visual memory/ learning has been understudied the aim of our study was to investigate sex-relate...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tournikioti K,Ferentinos P,Michopoulos I,Dikeos D,Soldatos CR,Douzenis A

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Themes and trends in intentional self-poisoning: Perspectives from critical care toxicology.

    abstract::This research investigated the substances employed by and experiences of patients who come to acute treatment after self-poisoning. A retrospective search of the Toxicology Investigators Consortium Registry was performed to characterize a large cohort of patients. A detailed prospective study of one inpatient toxicolo...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rasimas JJ,Smolcic EE,Sinclair CM

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Sex differences in the behavior of children with the 22q11 deletion syndrome.

    abstract::High rates of psychiatric impairment in adults with 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS, also referred to as DiGeorge or velocardiofacial syndrome) suggest that behavioral trajectories of children with 22q11DS may provide critical etiologic insights. Past findings that report Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) diagn...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sobin C,Kiley-Brabeck K,Monk SH,Khuri J,Karayiorgou M

    更新日期:2009-03-31 00:00:00