Irritant contact stomatitis: a review of the condition.

Abstract:

:Several different types of interactions are possible between a chemical, a mixture of chemicals, and associated extrinsic factors (i.e., mechanical irritation) in the oral mucosa. These interactions can be broadly classified as irritative or allergenic in nature. In each case, the pathology usually includes mucosal inflammation. The information compiled and reviewed in this article suggests that, given the broad definition of surface lesions/mucosal abnormalities, there may be a continuum of irritation that can be termed "irritant contact stomatitis." This may be due to the fact that the mouth is lined with highly vascular mucosa that turns over rapidly compared to the skin, and may or may not be covered by keratin. Some regions in the mouth are uniquely sensitive to irritants because they can penetrate through the tissue easily. Key factors involved in the potential development of irritation are: inherent irritation potential of the agent, amount of exposure (concentration, duration, and frequency), ability to penetrate the tissue, and inherent reactivity of the subject as well as other extrinsic factors. Irritation leading to oral mucosal alterations is a common occurrence caused by a wide variety of exposures and insults to the oral cavity. Various irritants such as foods, chemicals, friction, thermal/mechanical injury, metals, spices, and oral care products have been documented to cause irritant reactions in susceptible individuals, particularly if used under exaggerated exposure conditions. It is important to note that most irritation in the oral cavity tends to reverse quickly when the causative agent is removed. Oral irritation is a commonly occurring phenomenon. Thus, it is important that the clinician be aware of the clinical manifestations and etiology of the condition.

journal_name

J Periodontol

authors

Davis CC,Squier CA,Lilly GE

doi

10.1902/jop.1998.69.6.620

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-06-01 00:00:00

pages

620-31

issue

6

eissn

0022-3492

issn

1943-3670

journal_volume

69

pub_type

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