Relationship of social factors including trust, control over life decisions, problems with transport and safety, to psychological distress in the community.


PURPOSE:Psychological distress encompasses anxiety and depression with the previous studies showing that psychological distress is unequally distributed across population groups. This paper explores the mechanisms and processes which may affect the distribution of psychological distress, including a range of individual and community level socioeconomic determinants. METHODS:Representative cross-sectional data was collected for respondents aged 16+ from July 2008 to June 2009, as a part of the South Australian Monitoring and Surveillance System (SAMSS) using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATI). Univariate and multivariate analyses (n = 5,763) were conducted to investigate the variables that were associated with psychological distress. RESULTS:The overall prevalence of psychological distress was 8.9%. In the multivariate model, females, those aged 16-49, respondents single with children, unable to work or unemployed, with a poorer family financial situation, earning $20,000 or less, feeling safe in their home some or none of the time, feeling as though they have less then total control over life decisions and sometimes experiencing problems with transport, were significantly more likely to experience psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS:This paper has demonstrated the relationship between low-income, financial pressure, less than optimal safety and control, and high-psychological distress. It is important that the groups highlighted as vulnerable be targeted in policy, planning, and health promotion and prevention campaigns.


Taylor AW,Chittleborough C,Gill TK,Winefield H,Baum F,Hiller JE,Goldney R,Tucker G,Hugo G




Has Abstract


2012-03-01 00:00:00












  • Social position, early deprivation and the development of attachment.

    abstract::The effects of childhood social adversity on developing parent/child attachments may partially explain the effects of less advantaged childhood social position on adulthood mental health. Associations between social position, retrospectively recalled parental style and childhood emotional and physical deprivation and ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stansfeld S,Head J,Bartley M,Fonagy P

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Associative stigma experienced by mental health professionals in China and the United States.

    abstract:PURPOSE:"Associative stigma" is the negative stereotyping of mental health service providers who treat people with serious mental illness. The Clinician Associative Stigma Scale (CASS) has been validated in a US sample but not in other nations, e.g., in China which has been found to have substantially higher levels of ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin X,Rosenheck R,Sun B,Xie G,Zhong G,Tan C,Li Z,Yu M,He H

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems among six-years-old preschool children: baseline results of a prospective longitudinal study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the prevalence of behavioural and emotional problems and the scope of symptoms in preschool children. The results serve as baseline in a 4-year follow-up study. METHOD:The sample consisted of 1887 preschool children who started primary level education within 6 months upon data collection. The sample...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Furniss T,Beyer T,Guggenmos J

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Association between financial strain, social network and five-year recovery from first episode psychosis.

    abstract::Despite much effort to positively affect long-term outcome in psychosis and schizophrenia many patients are still facing a poor outcome with persistent psychotic symptoms and decline in social functioning. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between financial strain and social network and five-year o...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mattsson M,Topor A,Cullberg J,Forsell Y

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Association of response rate and prevalence estimates of common mental disorders across 129 areas in a nationally representative survey of adults in Japan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the association of area response rate with prevalence estimates of mental disorders in the 2nd World Mental Health Survey (WMHJ2). METHODS:The sample of the WMHJ2 was selected from community residents in 129 areas from three regions of Japan. The surveys were conducted between 2013 and 2015, a...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawakami N,Yasuma N,Watanabe K,Ishikawa H,Tachimori H,Takeshima T,Umeda M,Shimoda H,Nishi D

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Help-seeking behaviours among child psychiatric clinic attenders in Hong Kong.

    abstract::This study employed semi-structured interviews and questionnaires to describe the help-seeking processes and examine the determinants of help-seeking behaviours in 100 consecutive referrals to a child psychiatric clinic in Hong Kong. The help-seeking processes were characterized by (1) a sequential pattern of lay cons...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ho TP,Chung SY

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality and causes of death of acute and transient psychotic disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Little is known about mortality associated with acute transient psychoses. This paper examines mortality and causes of death of ICD-10 F23 'Acute and transient psychotic disorders' (ATPD). METHOD:Data from all subjects aged over 15 years who were enrolled in 1996 in the Danish psychiatric register with a fi...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castagnini AC,Bertelsen A

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Social influences on bipolar affective disorders.

    abstract::The impact of psychosocial adversity on the onset and course of bipolar disorder has been assessed in studies that have relied on methods of eliciting life event histories and evaluating family atmosphere. The results of life event studies have been inconsistent, perhaps because the relationship between bipolar disord...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ramana R,Bebbington P

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Results of a screening survey for co-morbid substance misuse amongst patients in treatment for psychotic disorders: prevalence and service needs in an inner London borough.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is great concern in the UK, and other countries, about the clinical management of psychosis and substance misuse co-morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the UK prevalence and management of co-morbidity. METHOD:We implemented a screening survey of patients who were in treatment with an ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weaver T,Rutter D,Madden P,Ward J,Stimson G,Renton A

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lay beliefs about mental disorders: a comparison between the western and the eastern parts of Germany.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since the end of the Second World War the western and eastern parts of Germany have been exposed to very different social and cultural influences. It was our assumption that this should also be reflected in the beliefs about mental disorders held by the general public. METHODS:In autumn 1990, immediately af...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Angermeyer MC,Matschinger H

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Annual incidence rate of schizophrenia and schizophrenia spectrum disorders in a longitudinal population-based cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Longitudinal incidence studies of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) performed in mental health service organizations are prone to confounding factors not found in research performed in the general population. OBJECTIVES:To estimate the incidence rates (IRs) over a 10-year period of SSD (broadly defined...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sutterland AL,Dieleman J,Storosum JG,Voordouw BA,Kroon J,Veldhuis J,Denys DA,de Haan L,Sturkenboom MC

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal patterns of PTSD symptom classes among US National Guard service members during reintegration.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to identify posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom groups and assess their longitudinal progression during their first year of reintegration among United States (US) National Guard (NG) service members. METHODS:A cohort of NG service members (n = 886) completed surveys at 6 ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bohnert KM,Sripada RK,Ganoczy D,Walters H,Valenstein M

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge and insight in relation to functional remission in patients with long-term psychotic disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with psychotic symptoms often respond poorly to treatment. Outcomes can be affected by biological, physiological and psychological factors according to the vulnerability-stress model. The patient's coping strategies and beliefs have been correlated with outcomes. OBJECTIVES:To investigate the knowl...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alenius M,Hammarlund-Udenaes M,Hartvig P,Lindström L

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Four-year course of quality of life and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Patients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have high disease burden. It is important to restore quality of life (QoL) in treatment, so that patients become able to live a fulfilling life. Little is known about the longitudinal course of QoL in patients with OCD, its association with remission from OCD,...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Remmerswaal KCP,Batelaan NM,Hoogendoorn AW,van der Wee NJA,van Oppen P,van Balkom AJLM

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Informal work and common mental disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In many developing countries, a large proportion of people work without the social and legislative protection accorded to those in the "formal" labour market. Formal and informal work are very distinct labour market destinations for those leaving unemployment. From a policy perspective, the value of encourag...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ludermir AB,Lewis G

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Violence and depressive symptoms during pregnancy: a primary care study in Brazil.

    abstract:AIM:To estimate the prevalence of violence, depressive symptoms, and associated factors during pregnancy in women attending antenatal care in Brazil. METHODS:Violence was assessed using a modified version of the abuse assessment screen (ASS), and depressive symptoms were evaluated using the primary care evaluation of ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manzolli P,Nunes MA,Schmidt MI,Pinheiro AP,Soares RM,Giacomello A,Drehmer M,Buss C,Hoffmann JF,Ozcariz S,Melere C,Manenti CN,Camey S,Ferri CP

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual victimization in women with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

    abstract::Exposure of populations with psychosis to traumatic events (among them sexual trauma) has seldom been studied. In addition, the clinical features developed by victims with psychosis after a traumatic event are rarely taken into account. Sixty-four women with schizophrenia and 26 women with bipolar disorder (DSM-III-R ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Darves-Bornoz JM,Lempérière T,Degiovanni A,Gaillard P

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of bipolar affective disorder.

    abstract::This paper reviews the current position of studies on the epidemiology of bipolar affective disorder. A disorder that cannot be recognized until sometime after its onset poses special difficulties for epidemiological study. These are discussed and attempts made to solve them. Community psychiatric surveys suggest a mo...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bebbington P,Ramana R

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Stability of prevalences of mental disorders in a normal population cohort followed for 16 years.

    abstract::Results from the Finnish UKKI study on longitudinal changes in prevalences of different mental disorder categories in a population cohort (n = 723) are presented. The subjects were investigated three times: in the original survey during 1969-71, and in two follow-ups (5 and 16 years after the original survey). The pre...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lehtinen V,Lindholm T,Veijola J,Väisänen E,Puukka P

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Suicidal feelings and work environment in psychiatric nursing personnel.

    abstract::Suicidal feelings, attempted suicide and aspects of work environment and well-being in Swedish psychiatric nursing personnel were studied using a questionnaire. The questionnaire, containing 190 questions, was mailed to all 242 nurses and attendants working in psychiatric care at the department of psychiatry at Karoli...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Samuelsson M,Gustavsson JP,Petterson IL,Arnetz B,Asberg M

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Common patterns of violence experiences and depression and anxiety among adolescents.

    abstract:PURPOSE:A considerable amount of research has examined violence experiences and psychopathology; however, few studies have examined how multiple settings and experiences of violence are associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS:The sample included 2,345 adolescents...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slopen N,Fitzmaurice GM,Williams DR,Gilman SE

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Association of mental distress with health care utilization and costs: a 5-year observation in a general population.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Previous studies have associated mental distress and disorders with increased health care utilization and costs. However, most studies have selected subjects from treatment facilities or have applied retrospective designs. METHODS:N = 3,300 subjects from the baseline cohort of the Study of Health in Pomerani...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grabe HJ,Baumeister SE,John U,Freyberger HJ,Völzke H

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • The relationships between employment, clinical status, and psychiatric hospitalisation in patients with schizophrenia receiving either IPS or a conventional vocational rehabilitation programme.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Positive relationships between employment and clinical status have been found in several studies. However, an unequivocal interpretation of these relationships is difficult on the basis of common statistical methods. METHODS:In this analysis, a structural equation model approach for longitudinal data was appli...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Kilian R,Lauber C,Kalkan R,Dorn W,Rössler W,Wiersma D,van Buschbach JT,Fioritti A,Tomov T,Catty J,Burns T,Becker T

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Intimate relationships and childbearing after adolescent depression: a population-based 15 year follow-up study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Adolescent depression is associated with a range of interpersonal adversities. We hypothesized that depressed adolescents are at subsequent increased risk of problems related to intimate relationships and childbearing in adulthood, and used longitudinal data to examine this. METHOD:A population-based investiga...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jonsson U,Bohman H,Hjern A,von Knorring L,Paaren A,Olsson G,von Knorring AL

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Psychotic experiences and mood episodes predict each other bidirectionally: a 6-year follow-up study in a community-based population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Psychotic experiences (PEs) are not exclusive to psychotic disorders and highly correlated with mood episodes. In this representative general population-based study, longitudinal bidirectional associations between the extended psychosis phenotype and mood episodes were investigated, accounting for other poss...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kırlı U,Binbay T,Drukker M,van Os J,Alptekin K,Kayahan B,Elbi H

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Prenatal war exposure and schizophrenia in adulthood: evidence from the Sino-Japanese War of 1937-1945.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This study aimed to examine the long-term effect of prenatal exposure to the Sino-Japanese War during 1937-1945 on risk of schizophrenia in adulthood among Chinese wartime survivors. METHODS:We obtained data from the Second National Sample Survey on Disability conducted in 31 provinces in 2006. We restricted o...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: He P,Luo Y,Guo C,Chen G,Song X,Zheng X

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Variability in clinical diagnoses during the ICD-8 and ICD-10 era.

    abstract:AIMS:To explore whether the diagnostic homogeneity in a daily, routine clinical activity changed visibly over two historical periods (the ICD-8 and the ICD-10 era) across and within five psychiatric in-patient clinics. METHODS:In this register study, we analyzed the discharge diagnoses from five university-affiliated ...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nordgaard J,Jessen K,Sæbye D,Parnas J

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Predicting depressive and anxiety disorders with the YASR internalising scales (empirical and DSM-oriented).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Achenbach problem behaviour scales (CBCL/YSR) are widely used. The DSM-oriented anxiety and depression scales have been created to improve concordance between Achenbach's internalising scales and DSM-IV depression and anxiety. To date no study has examined the concurrent utility of the young adult (YASR)...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dingle K,Clavarino A,Williams GM,Bor W,Najman JM,Alati R

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in suicide methods.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Gender differences in suicide completion rates have been attributed to the differences in lethality of suicide methods chosen by men and women, but few empirical studies have investigated factors other than demographic characteristics that might explain this differential. METHODS:Data from the 621 suicide...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Callanan VJ,Davis MS

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Conceptualising the social networks of vulnerable children and young people: a systematic review and narrative synthesis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The relationship between social networks and health and wellbeing is increasingly demonstrated in vulnerable adult populations. This relationship for vulnerable children and young people has not hitherto been systematically reviewed. This narrative synthesis aims to consolidate research to provide a foundationa...

    journal_title:Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nevard I,Green C,Bell V,Gellatly J,Brooks H,Bee P

    更新日期:2020-11-02 00:00:00