Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and Propionibacterium acnes postoperative endophthalmitis in a pseudophakic eye.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:To report a case of persistent polymicrobial postoperative endophthalmitis caused by Alcaligenes xylosoxidans and Propionibacterium acnes in a pseudophakic eye. A. xylosoxidans is a gram-negative bacteria resistant to most antibiotics. METHODS:Case report. RESULTS:A 72-year-old man presented with clinical signs of endophthalmitis on the first postoperative day after a phacoemulsification procedure with posterior chamber intraocular lens, left eye. Initial treatment included topical, subconjunctival, and oral antibiotics. After initial clearing, there was recrudescence of infection on postoperative day 37 that prompted referral of the patient to the Cullen Eye Institute. Treatment at that time included anterior chamber and vitreous taps with intravitreal antibiotic injections. Complete pars plana vitrectomy and intraocular lens explantation were eventually required because of persistent infection with a resistant organism. Cultures from the first procedure grew A. xylosoxidans and P. acnes. Cultures from the vitrectomy grew only A. xylosoxidans. At the final follow-up visit 6 months after the initial procedure. The eye was without inflammation with best-corrected visual acuity of 20/40. CONCLUSION:Both A. xylosoxidans and P. acnes can cause chronic progressive endophthalmitis after cataract extraction often resistant to corrective antibiotic therapy. Successful intervention may require complete vitrectomy with intraocular lens and capsule removal.

journal_name

Am J Ophthalmol

authors

Rahman MK,Holz ER

doi

10.1016/s0002-9394(00)00405-0

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-06-01 00:00:00

pages

813-5

issue

6

eissn

0002-9394

issn

1879-1891

pii

S0002939400004050

journal_volume

129

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Low-tension glaucoma.

    abstract::A retrospective study of 45 patients with low-tension glaucoma revealed the mean age at diagnosis to be 66 years. Seventeen patients had follow-up visual field examinations, the average follow-up period being 6.4 years. There was no significant difference in prognosis of the ocular course between patients with Po/C eq...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0002-9394(76)90359-7

    authors: Chumbley LC,Brubaker RF

    更新日期:1976-06-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-Exome Sequencing of Patients With Posterior Segment Uveitis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To elucidate molecular risk factors for posterior segment uveitis using a functional genomics approach. DESIGN:Genetic association cohort study. METHODS:Setting: Single-center study at an academic referral center. STUDY POPULATION:164 patients with clinically diagnosed uveitis of the posterior segment. MA...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2020.07.021

    authors: Li AS,Velez G,Darbro B,Toral MA,Yang J,Tsang SH,Ferguson PJ,Folk JC,Bassuk AG,Mahajan VB

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ocular complications of smallpox vaccination.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the ocular complications of smallpox vaccination and to discuss potential therapeutic options. DESIGN:Review of pertinent medical literature and recent treatment recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. RESULTS:After immunization against smallpox, vaccinia infection of th...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(03)00293-9

    authors: Pepose JS,Margolis TP,LaRussa P,Pavan-Langston D

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Retinal nerve fiber layer atrophy is associated with visual field loss over time in glaucoma suspect and glaucomatous eyes.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare prospectively detection of progressive retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) atrophy identified using time-domain optical coherence tomography with visual field progression using standard automated perimetry in glaucoma suspect and preperimetric glaucoma patients or perimetric glaucoma patients....

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2012.07.005

    authors: Sehi M,Zhang X,Greenfield DS,Chung Y,Wollstein G,Francis BA,Schuman JS,Varma R,Huang D,Advanced Imaging for Glaucoma Study Group.

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Retinal Pigment Epithelium Humps in High Myopia.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report on the presence of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) humps in high myopia, and to describe the distinctive features from pathologic RPE detachments and choroidal neovascularizations (CNVs). DESIGN:Retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS:Charts and imaging studies of highly myopic patients presen...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2017.07.013

    authors: Marchese A,Carnevali A,Sacconi R,Centoducati T,Querques L,Bandello F,Querques G

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Severe proliferative retinopathy progressing to blindness in a japanese woman with takayasu disease.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a patient with Takayasu disease with severe proliferative retinopathy progressing to bilateral blindness. A 57-year-old Japanese woman suffering from Takayasu disease for 16 years manifested severe proliferative retinopathy in both eyes, leading to blindness due to optic atrophy. DESIGN:Interventiona...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(02)02087-1

    authors: Kuwahara C,Imamura Y,Okamura N,Sakai R,Ikeda T

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Accommodation and convergence insufficiency with left middle cerebral artery occlusion.

    abstract::We studied accommodation and vergence eye movements in a patient with a left middle cerebral artery embolism. Accommodation was monitored by an infrared optometer with the accommodative target being controlled by a microcomputer. Computed tomography showed low-density areas in the left cortex, with intact brainstem. T...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(14)76389-5

    authors: Ohtsuka K,Maekawa H,Takeda M,Uede N,Chiba S

    更新日期:1988-07-15 00:00:00

  • A modified laser test for the identification of retinoschisis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe a modified laser technique for identification of bullous retinoschisis. DESIGN:Retrospective interventional case series collected over 10 years. METHODS:Forty-one eyes with presumed bullous retinoschisis and breaks in the inner layers underwent a low-energy argon green laser application at the sam...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(03)00485-9

    authors: Lincoff H,Kreissig I,Stopa M

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Glaucoma risk and the consumption of fruits and vegetables among older women in the study of osteoporotic fractures.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To explore the association between the consumption of fruits and vegetables and the presence of glaucoma. DESIGN:Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS:In a sample of 1,155 women located in multiple centers in the United States, glaucoma specialists diagnosed glaucoma in at least one eye by assessing optic ner...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2008.01.022

    authors: Coleman AL,Stone KL,Kodjebacheva G,Yu F,Pedula KL,Ensrud KE,Cauley JA,Hochberg MC,Topouzis F,Badala F,Mangione CM,Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group.

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Herpetic stromal keratitis-evidence for cell-mediated immunopathogenesis.

    abstract::Immunofluorescence, histological, and electron microscopic observations were made on rabbit corneas from animals with experimentally induced stromal keratitis following intracorneal injection with the RE strain of herpes simplex virus. Electron microscopic observations were also made on human corneas obtained from pat...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0002-9394(76)90057-x

    authors: Metcalf JF,Kaufman HE

    更新日期:1976-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of deep posterior subtenon injection of corticosteroids on intraocular pressure.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the effect of posterior subtenon injections of corticosteroids on intraocular pressure in a variety of ocular diseases. METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed 202 consecutive posterior subtenon corticosteroid injections (148 of methylprednisolone acetate, 80 mg, and 54 of triamcinolone acetonide, 4...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(99)80085-3

    authors: Mueller AJ,Jian G,Banker AS,Rahhal FM,Capparelli E,Freeman WR

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Five-Year Trends in Multifocal Electroretinogram for Patients With Birdshot Chorioretinopathy.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this study is to investigate temporal trends in multifocal ERG (mfERG) parameters and analyze their relationships with anatomic and functional markers in patients with birdshot chorioretinopathy (BSCR). DESIGN:Prospective observational case series. METHODS:Sixteen BSCR patients were include and und...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2018.11.022

    authors: Mailhac A,Labarere J,Aptel F,Berthemy S,Bouillet L,Chiquet C

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • In situ confirmation of retinal blood flow improvement after carotid endarterectomy in a patient with ocular ischemic syndrome.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a patient with ocular ischemic syndrome due to an internal carotid artery stenosis in whom we confirmed improved retinal blood flow noninvasively after carotid endarterectomy. DESIGN:Observational case report. METHODS:Retinal flowmetry. RESULTS:In a 72-year-old hypertensive man with a transient isc...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(02)01531-3

    authors: Ishikawa K,Kimura I,Shinoda K,Eshita T,Kitamura S,Inoue M,Mashima Y

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of treatments for metastatic uveal melanoma.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate and comment on published peer-reviewed literature for evidence of effectiveness of treatments for metastatic uveal melanoma. DESIGN:Analytical nonexperimental study of published peer-reviewed data. METHODS:Literature search and analysis of pertinent articles published between January 1, 1980 and J...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2009.01.023

    authors: Augsburger JJ,Corrêa ZM,Shaikh AH

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Facial necrotizing fasciitis following acute dacryocystitis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a case of progressive necrotizing fasciitis of the face following acute dacryocystitis. DESIGN:Interventional case report. METHODS:A 60-year-old woman presented with left acute dacryocystitis with abscess formation that had ruptured; a small wound remained. Erythematous swelling of the left eyelid a...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(03)00089-8

    authors: Lin PW,Lin HC

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior segment tumor biopsy using an aspiration cutter technique: clinical experience.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report the results and complications of an aspiration cutter-assisted anterior segment tumor biopsy performed under viscoelastic. DESIGN:Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series. METHODS:Fifty-five patients with anterior segment tumors underwent aspiration cutter-assisted biopsy at a single c...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2011.04.032

    authors: Petousis V,Finger PT,Milman T

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Indocyanine green-assisted ILM peeling in macular hole surgery revisited.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report visual outcomes after peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) using a brief application of low dose indocyanine green (ICG) for macular hole repair. DESIGN:Prospective, nonrandomized interventional case series. METHODS:A consecutive series of 16 eyes of 14 patients with full-thickness macula...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2004.06.029

    authors: Ando F,Sasano K,Suzuki F,Ohba N

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term intraocular pressure trends after intravitreal triamcinolone injection.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report the trends in intraocular pressures (IOP) within the first week after intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog) for the treatment of retinal disease. DESIGN:Retrospective chart review. METHODS:Review of 43 consecutive patients and 50 intravitreal injections of 4 mg triamcinolone ac...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2006.08.033

    authors: Lee EW,Hariprasad SM,Mieler WF,Newman TL,Apte RS

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Low Sensitivity of the Van Herick Method for Detecting Gonioscopic Angle Closure Independent of Observer Expertise.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the diagnostic performance characteristics of the Van Herick assessment (VHA) for identifying angle closure compared to gold-standard gonioscopy, as conducted by trained observers of varying expertise. DESIGN:Reliability analysis. METHODS:Patients (n = 131) from a glaucoma referral clinic aged ≥50...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2018.07.026

    authors: Johnson TV,Ramulu PY,Quigley HA,Singman EL

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Balloon catheter dilation for treatment of persistent nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report the outcome of balloon catheter dilation of the lacrimal duct for treatment of children with persistent nasolacrimal duct obstruction after previous surgery. DESIGN:Interventional case series. METHODS:Thirty-two consecutive children with a history of persistent nasolacrimal duct obstruction followin...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(01)01403-9

    authors: Lueder GT

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral optic disk edema and blindness as initial presentation of acute lymphocytic leukemia.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report bilateral optic disk edema and blindness as the unusual initial presentation of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in an adult. METHODS:A 19-year-old man presented with a history of headaches, back pain, and 10 days of worsening vision that progressed to blindness. Ocular examination revealed light per...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(02)01465-4

    authors: Mayo GL,Carter JE,McKinnon SJ

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Inflammatory opacities of the vitreous in rifabutin-associated uveitis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe rifabutin-associated uveitis with opacities in the inferior and posterior vitreous in three patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. METHOD:Case reports of the three patients are presented. RESULTS:The patients, who were being treated with rifabutin and fluconazole, developed anterior and...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(14)72124-5

    authors: Chaknis MJ,Brooks SE,Mitchell KT,Marcus DM

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Supervoltage orbital radiotherapy in 36 cases of Graves' disease.

    abstract::Thirty-six patients who had clinically progressive Graves' dysthyroid orbitopathy were treated with supervoltage orbital radiotherapy. Twenty-three of the patients had discontinued the use of orally administered prednisone after developing intolerable side effects. Medical contraindications prevented seven patients fr...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(14)76158-6

    authors: Lloyd WC 3rd,Leone CR Jr

    更新日期:1992-04-15 00:00:00

  • Traumatic chiasmal syndrome associated with pneumocephalus and sellar fracture.

    abstract::A 50-year-old man sustained severe head injury, including a brief loss of consciousness, in an automobile accident. Skull X-ray films disclosed a fracture of the right superior orbit. Computed tomography demonstrated pneumocephalus and extension of the fracture into the sella turcica. Perimetric testing disclosed a bi...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0002-9394(81)90778-9

    authors: Resneck JD,Lederman IR

    更新日期:1981-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increased disk size in glaucomatous eyes vs normal eyes in the Reykjavik eye study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the use of disk diameter as an indicator in the identification of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. METHODS:We evaluated all available stereofundus photographs for 1,040 right eyes obtained in the Reykjavik Eye Study. Horizontal and vertical disk diameters were determined in a masked manner by a glauc...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(02)01928-1

    authors: Wang L,Damji KF,Munger R,Jonasson F,Arnarsson A,Sasaki H,Sasaki K

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Gevokizumab in the Treatment of Autoimmune Non-necrotizing Anterior Scleritis: Results of a Phase I/II Clinical Trial.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of gevokizumab, an anti-interleukin 1β (IL-1β) monoclonal antibody, in the treatment of active, noninfectious, non-necrotizing anterior scleritis. DESIGN:Phase 1/2, open label, nonrandomized, prospective, single-arm pilot trial. METHODS:Eight patients with active,...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2016.09.017

    authors: Knickelbein JE,Tucker WR,Bhatt N,Armbrust K,Valent D,Obiyor D,Nussenblatt RB,Sen HN

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Transient, profound cataract associated with intracameral 5-fluorouracil.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a transient cataract after bleb needling and subconjunctival injection of 5-fluorouracil. DESIGN:Observational case report. METHODS:A 51-year-old man had an encapsulated bleb after filtering surgery. The bleb was needled, and 5 mg of 5-fluorouracil was injected adjacent to the bleb. RESULTS:Within ...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0002-9394(02)01828-7

    authors: Libre PE

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fluorescein angiography with an optimized filter combination.

    abstract::The transmission characteristics of a new filter combination for fluorescein angiography were selected on the basis of in vivo measurements of the excitation and emission spectra of fluorescein dye during its transit in the fundus. This combination of filters was characterized by separation of 530 nm between the spect...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0002-9394(76)90542-0

    authors: Delori F,Ben-Sira I,Trempe C

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal study of stargardt disease: clinical and electrophysiologic assessment, progression, and genotype correlations.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the clinical and electrophysiologic natural history of Stargardt disease and correlate with the genotype. DESIGN:Cohort study of 59 patients. METHODS:Clinical history, examination, and electrophysiologic assessment were undertaken in a longitudinal survey. Patients were classified into 3 groups...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2013.01.018

    authors: Fujinami K,Lois N,Davidson AE,Mackay DS,Hogg CR,Stone EM,Tsunoda K,Tsubota K,Bunce C,Robson AG,Moore AT,Webster AR,Holder GE,Michaelides M

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Nonexudative Perifoveal Vascular Anomalous Complex: The Subclinical Stage of Perifoveal Exudative Vascular Anomalous Complex?

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the pre-exudative stage of exudative perifoveal vascular anomalous complex (ePVAC), referred to as nonexudative PVAC (nePVAC). DESIGN:Retrospective noncomparative case series. METHODS:Patients diagnosed with nePVAC were identified at 4 retina referral centers worldwide. Multimodal retinal imaging,...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2020.04.025

    authors: Sacconi R,Borrelli E,Sadda S,Corradetti G,Freund KB,Yannuzzi LA,Souied E,Capuano V,Sarraf D,Querques L,Bandello F,Querques G

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00