Molecular phylogeny based on the kappa-casein and cytochrome b sequences in the mammalian suborder Ruminantia.


:Nucleotide sequences for the kappa-casein precursor proteins have been determined from the genomic DNAs or hair roots of the Ruminantia. The coding regions, exons 2, 3, and 4, were amplified separately via the three kinds of PCRs and then directly sequenced. The primers were designed from the sequence of bovine kappa-casein gene; they were applicable for the amplification of the kappa-casein genes from the 13 species in the Ruminantia except exon 2 of the lesser mouse deer. These results permitted an easy phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of an autosomal gene. A phylogenetic tree was constructed from the mature kappa-casein sequences and compared with the tree of the cytochrome b genes which were sequenced from the same individuals. The Cervidae (sika deer, Cervus nippon) were separated from the branch of the Bovidae on the tree of kappa-casein genes with a relatively high confidence level of the bootstrap analysis, but included in the branch of the Bovidae on the tree of cytochrome b genes. The kappa-casein tree indicated a monophyly of the subfamily Caprinae, although the internal branches were uncertain in the Caprinae. The tree based on the nucleotide sequences of cytochrome b genes clearly showed the relationships of the closely related species in the genus Capricornis consisting of serow (C. smatorensis), Japanese serow (C. crispus), and Formosan serow (C. swinhoei). These results would be explained by the difference of resolving power between the kappa-casein and the cytochrome b sequences.


J Mol Evol


Chikuni K,Mori Y,Tabata T,Saito M,Monma M,Kosugiyama M




Has Abstract


1995-12-01 00:00:00












  • Heat shocks do not mobilize mobile elements in genomes of Drosophila melanogaster inbred lines.

    abstract::Males of three inbred lines of Drosophila melanogaster were heat-shocked 90 min at 37 degrees C. The progenies from treated and untreated males mated with untreated females of the same line were checked for their chromosomal insertion patterns of various mobile elements by either in situ hybridization or Southern blot...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnault C,Biémont C

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evolution of the primate androgen receptor: a structural basis for disease.

    abstract::Androgen effects mediated by the androgen receptor (AR) are essential for male reproductive development and virilization. Comparison of AR DNA coding sequence from five primate species, Homo sapiens (human), Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee), Papio hamadryas (baboon), Macaca fascicularis (macaque), and Eulemur fulvus colla...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choong CS,Kemppainen JA,Wilson EM

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Domain-Specific Proteogenomic Analysis of Collagens to Evaluate De Novo Sequencing Results and Database Information.

    abstract::Collagen is an important structural protein and the most abundant protein in mammals. In several research fields, structural analysis of collagens is performed. Fibrillar collagens almost entirely consist of continuous repeats of GXY, where G is glycine, X is often proline or alanine and Y is often hydroxyproline or a...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kleinnijenhuis AJ,van Holthoon FL

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Evolution of nested genes with special reference to cuticle proteins in Drosophila melanogaster.

    abstract::One of the pupal cuticle protein (PCP) genes has been found within an intron of a Drosophila housekeeping gene (the Gart locus) that encodes three enzymes involved in the purine pathway. This intronic gene has been described as a gene within a gene, and the gene is now called a "nested" gene. Because the intronic PCP ...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moriyama EN,Gojobori T

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships between bacterial drug resistance pumps and other transport proteins.

    abstract::We have used three reference sequences representative of bacterial drug resistance pumps and sugar transport proteins to collect the 91 most closely related sequences from a composite, nonredundant protein sequence database. Having eliminated certain very close relatives, the remainder were subjected to analysis and a...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parish JH,Bentley J

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • The compositional properties of human genes.

    abstract::The present work represents the first attempt to study in greater detail previously proposed compositional correlations in genomes, based on a body of additional data relating to gene localizations as well as to extended flanking sequences extracted from gene banks. We have investigated the correlations that exist bet...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aïssani B,D'Onofrio G,Mouchiroud D,Gardiner K,Gautier C,Bernardi G

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogeny of ultra-rapidly evolving dinoflagellate chloroplast genes: a possible common origin for sporozoan and dinoflagellate plastids.

    abstract::Complete chloroplast 23S rRNA and psbA genes from five peridinin-containing dinoflagellates (Heterocapsa pygmaea, Heterocapsa niei, Heterocapsa rotun-data, Amphidinium carterae, and Protoceratium reticulatum) were amplified by PCR and sequenced; partial sequences were obtained from Thoracosphaera heimii and Scrippsiel...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang Z,Green BR,Cavalier-Smith T

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Combinations of ancestral modules in proteins.

    abstract::Twenty-seven protein sequence elements, six to nine amino acids long, were extracted from 15 phylogenetically diverse complete prokaryotic proteomes. The elements are present in all of these proteomes, with at least one copy each (omnipresent elements), and have presumably been conserved since the last universal commo...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sobolevsky Y,Frenkel ZM,Trifonov EN

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Evolution of Mhc-DRB introns: implications for the origin of primates.

    abstract::Introns are generally believed to evolve too rapidly and too erratically to be of much use in phylogenetic reconstructions. Few phylogenetically informative intron sequences are available, however, to ascertain the validity of this supposition. In the present study the supposition was tested on the example of the mamm...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kupfermann H,Satta Y,Takahata N,Tichy H,Klein J

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • The distribution of P-element sequences in Drosophila: the willistoni and saltans species groups.

    abstract::This report describes the distribution of P-element sequences among members of the closely related willistoni and saltans species groups of the subgenus Sophophora. Gel-blotting analyses showed that many, but not all, species from each of these groups possess sequences with homology to the P transposable element of Dr...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daniels SB,Strausbaugh LD

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Homopolymer length variation in the Drosophila gene mastermind.

    abstract::Runs of identical amino acids encoded by triplet repeats (homopolymers) are components of numerous proteins, yet their role is poorly understood. Large numbers of homopolymers are present in the Drosophila melanogaster mastermind (mam) protein surrounding several unique charged amino acid clusters. Comparison of mam s...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newfeld SJ,Schmid AT,Yedvobnick B

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • Expression patterns of murine antichymotrypsin-like genes reflect evolutionary divergence at the Serpina3 locus.

    abstract::Members of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily of genes are well represented in both human and murine genomes. In many cases it is possible to identify a definite ortholog on the basis of sequence similarity and by examining the surrounding genes at syntenic loci. We have recently examined the murine se...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horvath AJ,Forsyth SL,Coughlin PB

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Protein modules conserved since LUCA.

    abstract::Universal scale of the sequence conservation has been recently introduced based on omnipresence of the protein sequence motifs across species. A large spectrum of short sequences, up to eight residues has been found to reside in all or almost all prokaryotic organisms. By this discovery a principally novel quantitativ...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sobolevsky Y,Trifonov EN

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogenetic analysis of antibiotic glycosyltransferases.

    abstract::Catalyzed by a family of enzymes called glycosyltransferases, glycosylation reactions are essential for the bioactivities of secondary metabolites such as antibiotics. Due to the special characters of antibiotic glycosyltransferases (AGts), antibiotics can function by attaching some unusual deoxy-sugars to their aglyc...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liang D,Qiao J

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • A method for determining the position and size of optimal sequence regions for phylogenetic analysis.

    abstract::The availability of fast and accurate sequencing procedures along with the use of PCR has led to a proliferation of studies of variability at the molecular level in populations. Nevertheless, it is often impractical to examine long genomic stretches and a large number of individuals at the same time. In order to optim...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin MJ,González-Candelas F,Sobrino F,Dopazo J

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • The tryptophan biosynthetic pathway of aphid endosymbionts (Buchnera): genetics and evolution of plasmid-associated anthranilate synthase (trpEG) within the aphididae.

    abstract::The bacterial endosymbionts (Buchnera) from the aphids Rhopalosiphum padi, R. maidis, Schizaphis graminum, and Acyrthosiphon pisum contain the genes for anthranilate synthase (trpEG) on plasmids made up of one or more 3.6-kb units. Anthranilate synthase is the first as well as the rate-limiting enzyme in the tryptopha...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rouhbakhsh D,Lai CY,von Dohlen CD,Clark MA,Baumann L,Baumann P,Moran NA,Voegtlin DJ

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evolution of the relaxin/insulin-like gene family in placental mammals: implications for its early evolution.

    abstract::The relaxin (RLN) and insulin-like (INSL) gene family is a group of genes involved in a variety of physiological roles that includes bone formation, testicular descent, trophoblast development, and cell differentiation. This family appears to have expanded in vertebrates relative to non-vertebrate chordates, but the r...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoffmann FG,Opazo JC

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gene conversions may obscure actin gene family relationships.

    abstract::Phylogenetic hypotheses of muscle actin evolution are significantly different when a sea urchin is used as a representative echinoderm than when a sea star is used. While sea urchin muscle actins support an echinoderm-chordate sister relationship, sea star sequences suggest that echinoderm muscle actins are convergent...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: White ME,Crother BI

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Mineral catalysis of a potentially prebiotic aldol condensation.

    abstract::Minerals may have played a significant role in chemical evolution. In the course of investigating the chemistry of phosphonoacetaldehyde (PAL), an analogue of glycolaldehyde phosphate, we have observed a striking case of catalysis by the layered hydroxide mineral hydrotalcite ([Mg2Al(OH)6][Cl.nH2O]). In neutral or mod...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Graaf RM,Visscher J,Xu Y,Arrhenius G,Schwartz AW

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • The implications and limitations of the findings of the Viking organic analysis experiment.

    abstract::The gas chromatograph mass spectrometer instrument of the Viking mission has demonstrated the absence of organic compounds in the immediate surface layer of the two landing sites. The demonstration of the successful operation of the instrument (comparison of ground-based test data with those obtained during interplane...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biemann K

    更新日期:1979-12-01 00:00:00

  • Deep origin of plastid/parasite ATP/ADP translocases.

    abstract::Membrane proteins that transport ATP and ADP have been identified in mitochondria, plastids, and obligate intracellular parasites. The mitochondrial ATP/ADP transporters are derived from a broad-specificity transport family of eukaryotic origin, whereas the origin of the plastid/parasite ATP/ADP translocase is more el...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amiri H,Karlberg O,Andersson SG

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Enhanced evolvability in immunoglobulin V genes under somatic hypermutation.

    abstract::Darwinian theory requires that mutations be produced in a nonanticipatory manner; it is nonetheless consistent to suggest that mutations that have repeatedly led to nonviable phenotypes would be introduced less frequently than others-if under appropriate genetic control. Immunoglobulins produced during infection acqui...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cowell LG,Kim HJ,Humaljoki T,Berek C,Kepler TB

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Variation in protein structure and function: Primate hemoglobins.

    abstract::Variation in structure among primate hemoglobins is associated with variation in function. This supports the hypothesis that most substitutions observed among homologous proteins in different species have been fixed by natural selection because they contribute to the fitness of the genotype. It does not support the co...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sullivan B

    更新日期:1972-12-01 00:00:00

  • The paradox of MHC-DRB exon/intron evolution: alpha-helix and beta-sheet encoding regions diverge while hypervariable intronic simple repeats coevolve with beta-sheet codons.

    abstract::Twenty-one different caprine and 13 ovine MHC-DRB exon 2 sequences were determined including part of the adjacent introns containing simple repetitive (gt)n(ga)m elements. The positions for highly polymorphic DRB amino acids vary slightly among ungulates and other mammals. From man and mouse to ungulates the basic (gt...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwaiger FW,Weyers E,Epplen C,Brün J,Ruff G,Crawford A,Epplen JT

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pervasive RNA editing among hornwort rbcL transcripts except Leiosporoceros.

    abstract::RNA editing affecting chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes has been identified in all major clades of land plants. The frequency of edited sites varies greatly between lineages but hornworts represent an extreme in propensity for editing in both their chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes. cDNA sequences from seven t...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duff RJ,Moore FB

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Heteroplasmy suggests paternal co-transmission of multiple genomes and pervasive reversion of maternally into paternally transmitted genomes of mussel (Mytilus) mitochondrial DNA.

    abstract::Marine mussels of the genus Mytilus have two types of mitochondrial DNA with separate paternal and maternal inheritance. Females are homoplasmic for an F genome that is transmitted to all offspring, whereas males are heteroplasmic for this F genome and for a highly diverged (> 20%) M genome that is transmitted only to...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Quesada H,Stuckas H,Skibinski DO

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Domesticated P elements in the Drosophila montium species subgroup have a new function related to a DNA binding property.

    abstract::Molecular domestication of a transposable element is defined as its functional recruitment by the host genome. To date, two independent events of molecular domestication of the P transposable element have been described: in the Drosophila obscura species group and in the Drosophila montium species subgroup. These P ne...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reiss D,Nouaud D,Ronsseray S,Anxolabéhère D

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid adaptive evolution of the tumor suppressor gene Pten in an insect lineage.

    abstract::The Pten gene was initially identified in humans as a tumor suppressor. It has since been shown to play important roles in the control of cell size, cell motility, apoptosis, and organ size, and it has also been implicated in aging. Pten is highly conserved among organisms as diverse as nematodes, insects, and vertebr...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baudry E,Desmadril M,Werren JH

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • On the evolution of protamines in bony fish: alternatives to the "retroviral horizontal transmission" hypothesis.

    abstract::Fish protamines are highly specialized molecules which are responsible for chromatin condensation during the last stages of spermatogenesis (spermiogenesis). However, not all fish contain protamines in their sperm nuclei; rather, there seems to be a random distribution of protamines within this group. The origin of th...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saperas N,Ausio J,Lloris D,Chiva M

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular evolution at the self-incompatibility locus of Physalis longifolia (Solanaceae).

    abstract::The simple codominant expression of the alleles at the self-incompatibility locus ( S) of Solanaceae and their extraordinary spectrum of sequence diversity present an ideal case for understanding the molecular forces that shape the sequence polymorphism of genes involved in recognition reactions. Here, with unpreceden...

    journal_title:Journal of molecular evolution

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu Y

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00