Heterozygous effects of irradiated chromosomes on viability in Drosophila melanogaster.

Abstract:

:Two large experiments were conducted in order to evaluate the heterozygous effects of irradiated chromosomes on viability. Mutations were accumulated on several hundred second chromosomes by delivering doses of 2,500r over either two or four generations for total X-ray exposures of 5,000r or 10,000r. Chromosomes treated with 5,000r were screened for lethals after the first treatment, and surviving nonlethals were used to generate families of fully treated chromosomes. The members of these families shared the effects of the first irradiation, but differed with respect to those of the second. The chromosomes treated with 10,000r were not grouped into families since mutations were accumulated independently on each chromosome in that experiment. Heterozygous effects on viability of the irradiated chromosomes were tested in both isogenic (homozygous) and nonisogenic (heterozygous) genetic backgrounds. In conjunction with these tests, homozygous viabilities were determined by the marked-inversion technique. This permitted a separation of the irradiated chromosomes into those which were drastic when made homozygous and those which were not. The results indicate that drastic chromosomes have deleterious effects in heterozygous condition, since viability was reduced by 2-4% in tests performed with the 10,000r chromosomes, and by 1% in those involving the 5,000r material. Within a series of tests, the effects were more pronounced when the genetic background was homozygous. Nondrastic irradiated chromosomes did not show detectable heterozygous effects. They also showed no homozygous effects when compared to a sample of untreated controls. In addition, there was no evidence for an induced genetic component of variance with respect to viability in these chromosomes. These results suggest that the mutants induced by high doses of X-rays are principally drastic ones which show deleterious effects on viability in heterozygous condition.

journal_name

Genetics

journal_title

Genetics

authors

Simmons MJ

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1976-10-01 00:00:00

pages

353-74

issue

2

eissn

0016-6731

issn

1943-2631

journal_volume

84

pub_type

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