Analysis of cardiac toxicity after definitive chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer using a biological dose-volume histogram.

Abstract:

:This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between cardiac toxicity after definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer and the dose-volume histogram (DVH) of organs at risk (OARs) [using biological effective dose (BED)]. We analyzed the data of 83 patients with esophageal cancer treated using definitive CRT between 2001 and 2016. Furthermore, we evaluated pericardial effusion (PE) as a measure of cardiac toxicity. The median total irradiation dose was 60 (50.4-71) Gy. Symptomatic PE was observed in 12 (14%) patients. The heart and pericardium V5-V100-BED were significantly higher in patients with symptomatic PE than in those without symptomatic PE (heart: V5-V95-BED, P < 0.001; V100-BED, P = 0.0053, and pericardium: V5-V40-BED, V55-V95-BED, P < 0.001; V45-50-BED, V100-BED, P < 0.05, respectively). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the dose-volume parameter of the pericardium and the heart that was most strongly associated with an adverse cardiac event was V80-BED, and the mean dose and the cut-off value were 27.38% and 61.7 Gy-BED, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the pericardium V80-BED and the mean heart dose-BED were risk factors for symptomatic PE (P < 0.001, respectively). We revealed the relationship between the irradiated dose of the OARs and symptomatic PE using a BED-based dose-volume histogram. Pericardium V80-BED and mean heart dose-BED were the most relevant risk factors for symptomatic PE.

journal_name

J Radiat Res

authors

Takeuchi Y,Murakami Y,Kameoka T,Ochi M,Imano N,Takahashi I,Nishibuchi I,Kimura T,Kawahara D,Saito A,Nagata Y

doi

10.1093/jrr/rraa001

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-03-23 00:00:00

pages

298-306

issue

2

eissn

0449-3060

issn

1349-9157

pii

5734977

journal_volume

61

pub_type

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