Progesterone modulates post-traumatic epileptogenesis through regulation of BDNF-TrkB signaling and cell survival-related pathways in the rat hippocampus.


:Female sex hormone, progesterone, in addition to seizure modifying activity is also known as a potential protective agent against various brain injury conditions. Considering the predisposal role of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on developing post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE), the effect of progesterone on post-traumatic epileptogenesis is not investigated yet. Male Wistar rats were given a moderate focal weight drop injury (500 gr) or sham surgery and then progesterone (16 and 32mg/kg) was given daily for two consecutive weeks. On day 15 of injury, seizures were induced by administration of a GABAA receptor antagonist, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ, 30 mg/kg). Seizures were then assessed over a 1-h period using the Racine clinical rating scale. Traumatized animals that received 32 mg/kg progesterone had reduced score, duration of seizures and almost did not show tonic-clonic seizures during 60 min versus the untreated trauma group. In line with behavioral alterations, 32 mg/kg progesterone enhanced the amount of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins and decreased the level of NF-kB, BDNF, Caspase 3 and ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 in the ipsilateral hippocampus. Additionally, the number of TUNEL-positive apoptotic cells, as well as injured dark neurons in the parietal cortex and hippocampal CA1 of 32 mg/kg-treated animals showed a significant reduction. Administration of 16 mg/kg progesterone elevated production of BDNF, Bax and Caspase 3 and decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein. Taken together, an early administration of 32 mg/kg of progesterone after TBI for two weeks post-injury modified seizure activity. Our findings suggest that post-traumatic anti-epileptogenesis property of a high dose of progesterone partly occurs through the manipulation of BDNF-TrkB axis along with control of cell survival pathways.


Neurosci Lett


Neuroscience letters


Ghadiri T,Vakilzadeh G,Hajali V,Khodagholi F




Has Abstract


2019-09-14 00:00:00












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