Transfer and Integration of Breast Milk Stem Cells to the Brain of Suckling Pups.

Abstract:

:Beside its unique nutritional content breast milk also contains live cells from the mother. Fate of these cells in the offspring has not been adequately described. In this study, we aimed to detect and identify maternal cells in the suckling's blood and the brain. Green fluorescent protein expressing transgenic female mice (GFP+) were used as foster mothers to breastfeed wildtype newborn pups. One week and two months after the birth, blood samples and brains of the sucklings were analyzed to detect presence of GFP+ cells by fluorescence activated cell sorting, polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry on the brain sections and optically cleared brains. The tests confirmed that maternal cells were detectable in the blood and the brain of the pups and that they differentiated into both neuronal and glial cell types in the brain. This phenomenon represents breastfeeding - induced microchimerism in the brain with functional implications remain to be understood.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Aydın MŞ,Yiğit EN,Vatandaşlar E,Erdoğan E,Öztürk G

doi

10.1038/s41598-018-32715-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-24 00:00:00

pages

14289

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-018-32715-5

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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