Disruption of a Novel Iron Transport System Reverses Oxidative Stress Phenotypes of a dpr Mutant Strain of Streptococcus mutans.

Abstract:

:The Dps-like peroxide resistance protein (Dpr) is essential for H2O2 stress tolerance and aerobic growth of the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans Dpr accumulates during oxidative stress, protecting the cell by sequestering iron ions and thereby preventing the generation of toxic hydroxyl radicals that result from the interaction of iron with H2O2 Previously, we reported that the SpxA1 and SpxA2 regulators positively regulate expression of dpr in S. mutans Using an antibody raised against S. mutans Dpr, we confirmed at the protein level the central and cooperative nature of SpxA1 and SpxA2 regulation in Dpr production. During phenotypic characterization of the S. mutans Δdpr strain, we observed the appearance of distinct colony variants, which sometimes lost the oxidative stress sensitivity typical of Δdpr strains. Whole-genome sequencing of these phenotypically distinct Δdpr isolates revealed that a putative iron transporter operon, smu995-smu998, was a genomic hot spot with multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms identified within the different isolates. Deletion of smu995 or the entire smu995-smu998 operon in the Δdpr background strain completely reversed the oxidative stress-sensitive phenotypes associated with dpr inactivation. Conversely, inactivation of genes encoding the ferrous iron transport system FeoABC did not alleviate phenotypes of the Δdpr strain. Preliminary characterization of strains lacking smu995-smu998, feoABC, and the iron/manganese transporter gene sloABC revealed the interactive nature of these three systems in iron transport but also indicated that there may be additional iron uptake systems in S. mutansIMPORTANCE The dental caries-associated pathogen Streptococcus mutans routinely encounters oxidative stress within the human plaque biofilm. Previous studies revealed that the iron-binding protein Dpr confers protection toward oxidative stress by limiting free iron availability, which is associated with the generation of toxic hydroxyl radicals. Here, we report the identification of spontaneously occurring mutations within Δdpr strains. Several of those mutations were mapped to the operon smu995-smu998, revealing a previously uncharacterized system that appears to be important in iron acquisition. Disruption of the smu995-smu998 operon resulted in reversion of the stress-sensitive phenotype typical of a Δdpr strain. Our data suggest that the Smu995-Smu998 system works along with other known metal transport systems of S. mutans, i.e., FeoABC and SloABC, to coordinate iron uptake.

journal_name

J Bacteriol

journal_title

Journal of bacteriology

authors

Ganguly T,Kajfasz JK,Miller JH,Rabinowitz E,Galvão LCC,Rosalen PL,Abranches J,Lemos JA

doi

10.1128/JB.00062-18

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-06-25 00:00:00

issue

14

eissn

0021-9193

issn

1098-5530

pii

JB.00062-18

journal_volume

200

pub_type

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