"It's a gut feeling" - Escherichia coli biofilm formation in the gastrointestinal tract environment.


:Escherichia coli can commonly be found, either as a commensal, probiotic or a pathogen, in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Biofilm formation and its regulation is surprisingly variable, although distinct regulatory pattern of red, dry and rough (rdar) biofilm formation arise in certain pathovars and even clones. In the GI tract, environmental conditions, signals from the host and from commensal bacteria contribute to shape E. coli biofilm formation within the multi-faceted multicellular communities in a complex and integrated fashion. Although some major regulatory networks, adhesion factors and extracellular matrix components constituting E. coli biofilms have been recognized, these processes have mainly been characterized in vitro and in the context of interaction of E. coli strains with intestinal epithelial cells. However, direct observation of E. coli cells in situ, and the vast number of genes encoding surface appendages on the core or accessory genome of E. coli suggests the complexity of the biofilm process to be far from being fully understood. In this review, we summarize biofilm formation mechanisms of commensal, probiotic and pathogenic E. coli in the context of the gastrointestinal tract.


Crit Rev Microbiol


Rossi E,Cimdins A,Lüthje P,Brauner A,Sjöling Å,Landini P,Römling U




Has Abstract


2018-02-01 00:00:00












  • Genomic tools to profile antibiotic mode of action.

    abstract::The increasing emergence of antimicrobial multiresistant bacteria is of great concern to public health. While these bacteria are becoming an ever more prominent cause of nosocomial and community-acquired infections worldwide, the antibiotic discovery pipeline has been stalled in the last few years with very few effort...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cardona ST,Selin C,Gislason AS

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mycopesticide production by fermentation: potential and challenges.

    abstract::The agriculture industry is in need of novel biopesticides and development of large-scale production of mycopesticide, either fungal cells themselves or cell-free fungal components. The identification of a fungal strain with pesticide activity, and its improvement, is the primary step in developing infective propagule...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Deshpande MV

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Microbiology of fresh and restructured lamb meat: a review.

    abstract::Microbiology of meats has been a subject of great concern in food science and public health in recent years. Although many articles have been devoted to the microbiology of beef, pork, and poultry meats, much less has been written about microbiology of lamb meat and even less on restructured lamb meat. This article pr...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: al-Sheddy IA,Fung DY,Kastner CL

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • IdeR in mycobacteria: from target recognition to physiological function.

    abstract::In mycobacteria, iron dependent transcription regulator (IdeR) regulates transcription of genes in response to iron levels. The IdeR regulated genes have been investigated mostly in M. tuberculosis, M. smegmatis, and in few of the other related species. Recent advances in crystal structure solution and computational a...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ranjan S,Yellaboina S,Ranjan A

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Non-coding RNAs as cell wall regulators in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    abstract::The cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an extracellular organelle crucial for preserving its cellular integrity and detecting environmental cues. The cell wall is composed of mannoproteins attached to a polysaccharide network and is continuously remodelled as cells undergo cell division, mating, gametogenesis or...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Novačić A,Vučenović I,Primig M,Stuparević I

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • The acetone-butanol-ethanol fermentation.

    abstract::Renewed interest in the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation as a route for industrial production of butanol has been evident since the oil crisis of the 1970s. The present review includes an historical recap of the traditional industrial process and culturing practices useful in maintaining viable solvent-produ...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Awang GM,Jones GA,Ingledew WM

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Resuscitation-promoting factors are important determinants of the pathophysiology in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

    abstract::Resuscitation promoting factors (Rpf) are peptidoglycan-hydrolyzing enzymes that are pivotal in the resuscitation of quiescent actinobacteria including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. From the published data, it is clear that Rpf are required for the resuscitation of non-replicating bacilli and pathogenesis in murine infe...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rosser A,Stover C,Pareek M,Mukamolova GV

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Dribbling through the host defence: targeting the TLRs by pathogens.

    abstract::The immune system is well-equipped with sensors that detect invading pathogens and dictate subsequent immune responses for clearing the infections. One such class of sensor is the toll-like receptor (TLR), that can sense diverse molecules of pathogen origin such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrate, DNA, RNA, and trigger...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Udgata A,Dolasia K,Ghosh S,Mukhopadhyay S

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Beta-lactams and beta-lactamase-inhibitors in current- or potential-clinical practice: a comprehensive update.

    abstract::The use of successive generations of beta-lactams has selected successive generations of beta-lactamases including CTX-M ESBLs, AmpC beta-lactamases, and KPC carbapenamases in Enterobacteriaceae. Moreover, this cephalosporin resistance, along with rising resistance to fluoroquinolones, is now driving the use of carbap...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shahid M,Sobia F,Singh A,Malik A,Khan HM,Jonas D,Hawkey PM

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Metal nanoparticles: The protective nanoshield against virus infection.

    abstract::Re-emergence of resistance in different pathogens including viruses are the major cause of human disease and death, which is posing a serious challenge to the medical, pharmaceutical and biotechnological sectors. Though many efforts have been made to develop drug and vaccines against re-emerging viruses, researchers a...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rai M,Deshmukh SD,Ingle AP,Gupta IR,Galdiero M,Galdiero S

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cell surface engineering of microorganisms towards adsorption of heavy metals.

    abstract::Heavy metal contamination has become a worldwide environmental concern due to its toxicity, non-degradability and food-chain bioaccumulation. Conventional physical and chemical treatment methods for heavy metal removal have disadvantages such as cost-intensiveness, incomplete removal, secondary pollution and the lack ...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Li PS,Tao HC

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Implication of virulence factors in Escherichia coil O157:H7 pathogenesis.

    abstract::Since the first documented outbreak of hemorrhagic colitis caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7 in 1982, numerous publications have demonstrated or proposed putative components implicated in the pathogenesis of this gastrointestinal infection. Indeed, Escherichia coli O157:H7 pathogenesis is linked to several potential ...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: LeBlanc JJ

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • The role of Candida dubliniensis in oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals.

    abstract::There is an increasing interest in non-albicans Candida species because of the increasing number of fungal infections they cause. Most of these infections can be found in immunocompromised individuals, especially in those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Candida dubliniensis is a recently identified y...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schorling SR,Kortinga HC,Froschb M,Mühlschlegel FA

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterial separation and concentration from complex sample matrices: a review.

    abstract::The use of many rapid detection technologies could be expanded if the bacteria were separated, concentrated, and purified from the sample matrix before detection. Specific advantages of bacterial concentration might include facilitating the detection of multiple bacterial strains; removal of matrix-associated assay in...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stevens KA,Jaykus LA

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Brucella, nitrogen and virulence.

    abstract::The brucellae are α-Proteobacteria causing brucellosis, an important zoonosis. Although multiplying in endoplasmic reticulum-derived vacuoles, they cause no cell death, suggesting subtle but efficient use of host resources. Brucellae are amino-acid prototrophs able to grow with ammonium or use glutamate as the sole ca...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ronneau S,Moussa S,Barbier T,Conde-Álvarez R,Zuniga-Ripa A,Moriyon I,Letesson JJ

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Inorganic and metal nanoparticles and their antimicrobial activity in food packaging applications.

    abstract::Nanotechnology has revolutionized almost all the fields of science and technology, particularly the food packaging industry. Accordingly, some nanoparticles can be used in food contact materials to preserve food products for longer periods. To date, many inorganic and metal nanoparticles have been implemented to synth...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hoseinnejad M,Jafari SM,Katouzian I

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Stress and how bacteria cope with death and survival.

    abstract::Bacterial populations that are exposed to rapidly changing and sometimes hostile environments constantly switch between growth, survival, and death. Understanding bacterial survival and death are therefore cornerstones in a full comprehension of microbial life. During the last few years, new insights have emerged rega...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Aertsen A,Michiels CW

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • The ecology and pathogenicity of urease-producing bacteria in the urinary tract.

    abstract::Urease activity is a physiological function of many bacteria that enables these organisms to utilize urea as a source of nitrogen. The association of ureolytic bacteria with human or animal hosts varies widely from a commensal relationship as demonstrated with skin microflora, a symbiotic relationship in the gastroint...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McLean RJ,Nickel JC,Cheng KJ,Costerton JW

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exploitation of microbial forensics and nanotechnology for the monitoring of emerging pathogens.

    abstract::Emerging infectious diseases remain among the leading causes of global mortality. Traditional laboratory diagnostic approaches designed to detect and track infectious disease agents provide a framework for surveillance of bio threats. However, surveillance and outbreak investigations using such time-consuming approach...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bokhari H

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Functional, biochemical and 3D studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein peptides for an effective anti-tuberculosis vaccine.

    abstract::Tuberculosis (TB) is an air-born, transmissible disease, having an estimated 9.4 million new TB cases worldwide in 2009. Eventual control of this disease by developing a safe and efficient new vaccine able to detain its spread will have an enormous impact on public health policy. Selecting potential antigens to be inc...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ocampo M,Patarroyo MA,Vanegas M,Alba MP,Patarroyo ME

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin 1 (EAST1): a new toxin with an old twist.

    abstract::Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin 1 (EAST1) is a small protein that was first detected more than a decade ago in an enteroaggregative E. coli (EAEC) strain isolated from the stools of a diarrheic child. The EAST1 gene, astA, is not solely present in EAEC, but also in other categories of diarrh...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ménard LP,Dubreuil JD

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • The multi-omics promise in context: from sequence to microbial isolate.

    abstract::The numbers and diversity of microbes in ecosystems within and around us is unmatched, yet most of these microorganisms remain recalcitrant to in vitro cultivation. Various high-throughput molecular techniques, collectively termed multi-omics, provide insights into the genomic structure and metabolic potential as well...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gutleben J,Chaib De Mares M,van Elsas JD,Smidt H,Overmann J,Sipkema D

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Immunoregulation of dermatophytosis.

    abstract::Dermatophytoses are superficial infections caused by a group of fungi, the dermatophytes, which invade keratinized tissue of skin, hair, and nails in humans and animals. The importance of normal immune function in resistance to dermatophytoses is substantiated by an increased susceptibility to chronic infection seen i...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Calderon RA

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alicyclobacillus spp. in the fruit juice industry: history, characteristics, and current isolation/detection procedures.

    abstract::The first Alicyclobacillus spp. was isolated in 1982, and was originally thought to be strictly limited to thermophilic and acidic environments. Two years later, another Alicyclobacillus sp., A. acidoterrestris, was identified as the causative agent in spoilage of commercially pasteurized apple juice. Subsequent studi...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chang SS,Kang DH

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pheromones among the procaryotes.

    abstract::A pheromone is a chemical excreted by an organism into the environment that acts to elicit a specific response from other organisms of the same species. The importance of pheromones in the life cycle of various species of mammals, insects, and fungi is well known. In the past decade, it has become apparent that pherom...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stephens K

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • The role of viral infections in the development of autoimmune diseases.

    abstract::The exact aetiology of most autoimmune diseases remains unknown, nonetheless, several factors contributing to the induction or exacerbation of autoimmune reactions have been suggested. These include the genetic profile and lifestyle of the affected individual in addition to environmental triggers such as bacterial, pa...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hussein HM,Rahal EA

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The genetic basis of resistance to 5-fluorocytosine in Candida species and Cryptococcus neoformans.

    abstract::In terms of genetically determined susceptibility to the clinical antifungal agent 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), Candida albicans may be homozygous sensitive (FCY/FCY), homozygous resistant (fcy/fcy), or heterozygous (fcy/FCY). Although heterozygotes are only slightly resistant, they occur at significant frequency among cl...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Whelan WL

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • The highly cited SARS research literature.

    abstract::A chronically weak area in research papers, reports, and reviews is the complete identification of important background reference documents that formed the building blocks for the research. A method for systematically determining these important references is presented. Citation-Assisted Background (CAB) is based on t...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kostoff RN

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Animal studies of toxic shock syndrome.

    abstract::Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) was first described in 1978 and since that year over 2990 cases have been reported to the Communicable Disease Center. The estimated case-fatality rate is 5.6%. The disease is characterized by fever, hypotension, rash, desquamation, and involvement of at least three other organ systems. Appr...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Quimby F,Nguyen HT

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recent advances on topical antimicrobials for skin and soft tissue infections and their safety concerns.

    abstract::Antimicrobial resistance of disease-related microorganisms is considered a worldwide prevalent and serious issue which increases the failure of treatment outcomes and leads to high mortality. Considering that the increased resistance to systemic antimicrobial therapy often needs of the use of more toxic agents, topica...

    journal_title:Critical reviews in microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lam PL,Lee KKH,Wong RSM,Cheng GYM,Bian ZX,Chui CH,Gambari R

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00