Epigenetic Modifications of Histones in Periodontal Disease.

Abstract:

:Periodontitis is a chronic infectious disease driven by dysbiosis, an imbalance between commensal bacteria and the host organism. Periodontitis is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults and occurs in about 50% of the US population. In addition to the clinical challenges associated with treating periodontitis, the progression and chronic nature of this disease seriously affect human health. Emerging evidence suggests that periodontitis is associated with mechanisms beyond bacteria-induced protein and tissue degradation. Here, we hypothesize that bacteria are able to induce epigenetic modifications in oral epithelial cells mediated by histone modifications. In this study, we found that dysbiosis in vivo led to epigenetic modifications, including acetylation of histones and downregulation of DNA methyltransferase 1. In addition, in vitro exposure of oral epithelial cells to lipopolysaccharides resulted in histone modifications, activation of transcriptional coactivators, such as p300/CBP, and accumulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Given that oral epithelial cells are the first line of defense for the periodontium against bacteria, we also evaluated whether activation of pathogen recognition receptors induced histone modifications. We found that activation of the Toll-like receptors 1, 2, and 4 and the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein 1 induced histone acetylation in oral epithelial cells. Our findings corroborate the emerging concept that epigenetic modifications play a role in the development of periodontitis.

journal_name

J Dent Res

authors

Martins MD,Jiao Y,Larsson L,Almeida LO,Garaicoa-Pazmino C,Le JM,Squarize CH,Inohara N,Giannobile WV,Castilho RM

doi

10.1177/0022034515611876

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-02-01 00:00:00

pages

215-22

issue

2

eissn

0022-0345

issn

1544-0591

pii

0022034515611876

journal_volume

95

pub_type

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