A new method to reduce false positives due to antimony in detection of gunshot residues.

Abstract:

:False positives due to the presence of antimony in vehicle seat fabrics are a problem in gunshot residue (GSR) analysis, in particular, when graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) is employed. In this study, we sought to determine the reason for the prevalence of false positive results and to propose a new approach for the analysis of GSR on vehicle seats. GFAAS was used to examine adhesive tape swabs collected from 100 seats of 50 different automobiles. Characterization of seat fabrics was carried out by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) spectroscopy. The results of FTIR analysis indicated that all seat covers containing antimony were composed of polyester. Experimental results obtained by SEM/EDX analysis revealed that the fabrics in these seat covers contained evenly distributed antimony within the structure of polyester fibers. This study shows that the type of seat fabric should be determined by FTIR spectroscopy before elemental GSR analysis. In this way, most of the false positives caused by polyester fibers in GSR analysis can be prevented.

journal_name

Forensic Sci Int

authors

Aksoy Ç,Bora T,Şenocak N,Aydın F

doi

10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.03.006

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-05-01 00:00:00

pages

87-90

eissn

0379-0738

issn

1872-6283

pii

S0379-0738(15)00108-5

journal_volume

250

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotyping on postmortem blood as a supplementary tool for interpretation of forensic toxicological results.

    abstract::Debrisoquine hydroxylase (CYP2D6) is involved in the metabolism of many toxicologically important drugs. The gene encoding for this enzyme displays a polymorphic distribution in all populations examined. We report a study on 46 cases, where analyses of the CYP2D6 gene were conducted on postmortem femoral blood in orde...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0379-0738(98)00169-8

    authors: Druid H,Holmgren P,Carlsson B,Ahlner J

    更新日期:1999-01-04 00:00:00

  • Forensic characterization of HDPE pipes by DSC.

    abstract::The melting behavior of 28 high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe samples manufactured and supplied by 13 different manufacturers in India was examined by 'differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)' to find out if this parameter could be used in differentiating between these HDPE pipe samples which are chemically the sam...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2007.05.020

    authors: Sajwan M,Aggarwal S,Singh RB

    更新日期:2008-03-05 00:00:00

  • Positive identification by X-rays bone trabeculae comparison.

    abstract::Positive (certain, absolute) identification of human remains needs a scientific comparison between ante mortem and post-mortem biologic features, as fingerprint, odontological, radiological or DNA comparisons. X-rays comparison has been extensively used, usually comparing some peculiarities such as outlines of the bon...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.09.019

    authors: Quatrehomme G,Biglia E,Padovani B,du Jardin P,Alunni V

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Application of dye analysis in forensic fibre and textile examination: Case examples.

    abstract::Seven cases and a quality assurance test are presented. In these cases, fibres or textiles submitted for investigation were analysed by HPLC-DAD-MS to identify the dyes present. The cases presented illustrate that it is possible to identify textile dyes in fibre traces recovered for forensic analysis. The results show...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.07.026

    authors: Schotman TG,Xu X,Rodewijk N,van der Weerd J

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • PCR typing of DNA fragments of the short tandem repeat (STR) system HUMTH01 in Danes and Greenland Eskimos.

    abstract::DNA from the short tandem repeat (STR) system HUMTH01 was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analyzed by vertical electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels followed by silver staining. DNA samples from 100 unrelated Danes, 147 unrelated Greenland Eskimos, and 89 Danish mother/child pairs were analyzed. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(94)90378-6

    authors: Nellemann LJ,Møller A,Morling N

    更新日期:1994-09-06 00:00:00

  • May Toxoplasma gondii increase suicide attempt-preliminary results in Turkish subjects?

    abstract::Suicide attempts are one of the risk factors of suicide. Possible mechanisms by which Toxoplasma gondii may affect human behavior and it may also cause humans to attempt suicide. The aim of this study is to find out whether or not T. gondii is one of the reasons in suicide attempts. We investigated the sero-positivity...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2010.02.020

    authors: Yagmur F,Yazar S,Temel HO,Cavusoglu M

    更新日期:2010-06-15 00:00:00

  • Autopsy findings in the eyes of fourteen fatally abused children.

    abstract::The eyes of fourteen fatally abused children and sixteen control cases were examined histopathologically. Ten of the abused children showed intraocular change. The most common ocular changes were subdural hemorrhage of the optic nerve and retinal hemorrhage which involved all the layers of the retina, but most commonl...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(88)90133-8

    authors: Rao N,Smith RE,Choi JH,Xu XH,Kornblum RN

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • Injuries due to deliberate violence in areas of Denmark. I. The extent of violence.

    abstract::As part of a transcultural investigation of violent behavior in Denmark and South America an analysis was made during a one year period of the incidents involving deliberate violence as registered at 3 Danish emergency wards, and at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Copenhagen. In the three emergency wards a total...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(89)90146-1

    authors: Breiting VB,Aalund O,Albrektsen SB,Danielsen L,Helweg-Larsen K,Jacobsen J,Kjaerulff H,Staugaard H,Thomsen JL

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the possible use of liquid crystals in fingerprinting.

    abstract::Preliminary results concerning the use of liquid crystals (LC) in fingerprinting are given. These were based on thin layers of liquid crystals, changing colours (observed in linear polarized light) due to dissolved organic matter, transferred from fingers' surfaces. The possibility is shown of using LC to illustrate n...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(91)90137-8

    authors: Bładek J,Moszczyński J

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in Córdoba (Argentina).

    abstract::Eight Y-chromosome STRs were investigated in a male population sample from Córdoba region (Argentina). Complete Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes were obtained in 100 individuals, among which 91 different haplotypes were observed. The most common haplotype was shared by 4% of the sample, while 86 haplotypes were unique. T...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.07.006

    authors: Fondevila M,Jaime JC,Salas A,Lareu MV,Carracedo A

    更新日期:2003-11-26 00:00:00

  • Vehicle accident reconstruction by a reduced order impact model.

    abstract::Road accident reconstruction by simulation represents an important step to determine what happened, as well as responsibilities of subjects involved in the event. To allow the reconstruction, a large variety of well-established simulative approaches are available on the market, e.g., impulse-momentum models, finite el...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.042

    authors: Vangi D,Begani F,Spitzhüttl F,Gulino MS

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • New alleles and mutational events in D12S391 and D8S1132: sequence data from an eastern German population.

    abstract::To investigate the DNA mutation rate and pattern in the hypervariable short tandem repeat (STR) locus D12S391 and in the locus D8S1132, samples from an eastern German population (Dresden area) were analysed. A duplex PCR was applied, using short amplification products for D12S391 (129-177bp) and a modified reverse pri...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0379-0738(01)00596-5

    authors: Hering S,Müller E

    更新日期:2001-12-27 00:00:00

  • Quantification of mitochondrial DNA in human blood cells using an automated detection system.

    abstract::The 4977 bp deletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) accumulates in postmitotic tissues with advancing age. The purpose of our study was to detect and quantify these deletion even in blood cells with a high turnover activity. Whole venous blood, isolated human platelets and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0379-0738(00)00249-8

    authors: Meissner C,Mohamed SA,Klueter H,Hamann K,von Wurmb N,Oehmichen M

    更新日期:2000-09-11 00:00:00

  • Tandem mass spectrometry: a helpful tool in hair analysis for the forensic expert.

    abstract::The Bavarian State Bureau of Investigation in Munich has the exclusive responsibility for investigation of criminal acts. One considerable expertise is that of hair analysis. According to the legal system in Germany, there is a special interest when some clients' hair tested positive for illicit drugs. An accused with...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0379-0738(99)00161-9

    authors: Uhl M

    更新日期:2000-01-10 00:00:00

  • Molecular genetic basis of red cell markers and its forensic application.

    abstract::(1) The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify Rh-related cDNAs from erythroid cells cultured by the selective two-phase liquid culture system for human erythroid progenitors in peripheral blood. Two Rh polypeptide cDNAs have been isolated from the PCR products and tentatively designated RhPI cDNA and RhP...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(96)01935-4

    authors: Ikemoto S,Iwamoto S,Tsuchida S,Goto K,Oyamada T,Kajii E

    更新日期:1996-06-28 00:00:00

  • Differentiation of the 1-(methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanes and 1-(methoxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanones by GC-IRD and GC-MS.

    abstract::Two amphetamine-like piperazine-containing compounds, 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropane (3,4-MDPPP), its positional isomer 1-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropane (2,3-MDPPP) and three methcathinone-like piperazine-containing regioisomeric ring substituted 1-(methoxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanon...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.11.015

    authors: Abdel-Hay KM,DeRuiter J,Clark CR

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • New perspectives in the use of ink evidence in forensic science: Part I. Development of a quality assurance process for forensic ink analysis by HPTLC.

    abstract::The level of information provided by ink evidence to the criminal and civil justice system is limited. The limitations arise from the weakness of the interpretative framework currently used, as proposed in the ASTM 1422-05 and 1789-04 on ink analysis. It is proposed to use the likelihood ratio from the Bayes theorem t...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.11.016

    authors: Neumann C,Margot P

    更新日期:2009-03-10 00:00:00

  • Sudden death from ruptured septic myocardial infarct in an intravenous drug addict.

    abstract::A case of ruptured septic myocardial infarct with death from cardiac tamponade in an intravenous drug addict with left-sided infective endocarditis and septic coronary artery embolism is described. To the best of our knowledge, there is no previous report of such a case in the literature. Although uncommon, infective ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(95)01779-i

    authors: Dickens P,Ho J,Wong KY

    更新日期:1995-08-28 00:00:00

  • Isolated viable rat cardiac myocytes as a tool for evaluating histochemical methods for diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. I. Mitochondria-bound oxidoreductases--a preliminary report.

    abstract::A pilot study has been performed to evaluate the usefulness of isolated viable rat cardiac myocytes in the evaluation of histochemical oxidoreductase methods for estimating cellular anoxic damage. Data are presented in support of the use of succinate dehydrogenase and beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase for evaluating ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(80)90207-8

    authors: Jakobsson SW

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative pharmacokinetic study of ethanol in the blood, vitreous humour and aqueous humour of rabbits.

    abstract::The pharmacokinetics of ethanol in the blood, vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the rabbit after intravenous administration of single dose have been compared. Ethanol levels were determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Certain parallelism between ethanol levels in these body fluids were observed after 80 min. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(89)90236-3

    authors: Fernández P,López-Rivadulla M,Liñares JM,Tato F,Bermejo AM

    更新日期:1989-04-01 00:00:00

  • Multivariate optimization of the denitration reaction of nitrocelluloses for safer determination of their nitrogen content.

    abstract::The nitrogen content is of paramount importance to predict the explosive or non-explosive character of nitrocellulose (NC), and hence its applications. There are still quite a few really effective analytical methodologies allowing its determination, due to great NC molecular complexity. One of the approaches giving ac...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.03.001

    authors: Alinat E,Delaunay N,Archer X,Vial J,Gareil P

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Psychopathology and weapon choice: a study of 103 perpetrators of homicide or attempted homicide.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to ascertain if a relationship between weapon choice and psychopathology existed. The perpetrators (103) were evaluated at the Department of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry of the University of Bari in southern Italy. Psychiatric examination and psycho-diagnostic tests were administered f...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.01.019

    authors: Catanesi R,Carabellese F,Troccoli G,Candelli C,Grattagliano I,Solarino B,Fortunato F

    更新日期:2011-06-15 00:00:00

  • Serial postmortem thoracic radiographic findings in canine cadavers.

    abstract::Postmortem radiographic examinations of animals are often performed in judicial investigation to rule out gunshot and fractures due to cruelty. Literature describing postmortem changes seen on radiographs of animals is rarely available. Serial thoracic radiography of six recently euthanized dogs was performed in an in...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2009.03.031

    authors: Heng HG,Selvarajah GT,Lim HT,Ong JS,Lim J,Ooi JT

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • The synthetic cannabinoid 5F-MDMB-PICA: A case series.

    abstract::5F-MDMB-PICA has been detected in products sold on the internet as well as in biological samples since 2016. It is associated with serious adverse health and behavioral effects and even death. Herein we report on twelve cases with proven 5F-MDMB-PICA consumption, including three fatalities, four cases of driving under...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110410

    authors: Kleis J,Germerott T,Halter S,Héroux V,Roehrich J,Schwarz CS,Hess C

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Greek land borders and migration fatalities - Humanitarian disaster described from the standpoint of Evros.

    abstract::The area of the regional unit of Evros in northern Greece is considered the main gateway to the East and marks the end of the European territory and the beginning of the Asian continent. The natural boundary of the Evros River has been the last major obstacle to overcome before entering the Schengen area for hundreds ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.109875

    authors: Pavlidis P,Karakasi MV

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Significance of haemorrhages in central parts of the tongue found in the medicolegal autopsy.

    abstract::The tongue was examined for the presence of haemorrhages in 264 medicolegal autopsy cases. The tongue was sectioned transversely and examined macroscopically and microscopically. Haemorrhages were found in marginal and/or central parts of the tongue in 104 cases. Among them, 28 cases showed haemorrhages in central par...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0379-0738(82)90127-x

    authors: Suyama H,Nakasono I,Yoshitake T,Narita K,Yoshida C

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Improved measurement of ethyl glucuronide concentrations in hair using UPLCMS/MS for the evaluation of chronic ethanol consumption.

    abstract::The presence of Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair provides a strong indication of ethanol consumption and its investigation is of interest in both clinical and forensic contexts because of the wide window of detection. However, due to the possibility of false negative results in cases of small ethanol intake or excessiv...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110071

    authors: Bastiani MF,Lizot LLF,Da Silva ACC,Hahn RZ,Dries SS,Perassolo MS,Antunes MV,Linden R

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Uncertainty about the true source. A note on the likelihood ratio at the activity level.

    abstract::This paper focuses on likelihood ratio based evaluations of fibre evidence in cases in which there is uncertainty about whether or not the reference item available for analysis - that is, an item typically taken from the suspect or seized at his home - is the item actually worn at the time of the offence. A likelihood...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.02.021

    authors: Taroni F,Biedermann A,Bozza S,Comte J,Garbolino P

    更新日期:2012-07-10 00:00:00

  • Bone histomorphometry of the clavicle in a forensic sample from Albania.

    abstract::Forensic assessment of skeletal material includes age estimation of unknown individuals. When dealing with extremely fragmented human remains that lack macro-features used in age estimation, histological assessment of the skeletal elements can be employed. Historically, microscopic methods for age assessment used by f...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110335

    authors: Kranioti EF,Michopoulou E,Tsiminikaki K,Bonicelli A,Kalochristianakis M,Xhemali B,Paine RR,García-Donas JG

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increases in use of novel synthetic stimulant are not directly linked to decreased use of 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA).

    abstract::A decline in 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) use in Adelaide, Australia from 2009 to 2010 was confirmed by us previously. Reports suggested that the shortage in MDMA supply was associated with an increased prevalence of other synthetic stimulants, but quantitative measurements were unavailable. To obtain...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.06.007

    authors: Chen C,Kostakis C,Irvine RJ,White JM

    更新日期:2013-09-10 00:00:00