A new method to reduce false positives due to antimony in detection of gunshot residues.


:False positives due to the presence of antimony in vehicle seat fabrics are a problem in gunshot residue (GSR) analysis, in particular, when graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) is employed. In this study, we sought to determine the reason for the prevalence of false positive results and to propose a new approach for the analysis of GSR on vehicle seats. GFAAS was used to examine adhesive tape swabs collected from 100 seats of 50 different automobiles. Characterization of seat fabrics was carried out by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) spectroscopy. The results of FTIR analysis indicated that all seat covers containing antimony were composed of polyester. Experimental results obtained by SEM/EDX analysis revealed that the fabrics in these seat covers contained evenly distributed antimony within the structure of polyester fibers. This study shows that the type of seat fabric should be determined by FTIR spectroscopy before elemental GSR analysis. In this way, most of the false positives caused by polyester fibers in GSR analysis can be prevented.


Forensic Sci Int


Aksoy Ç,Bora T,Şenocak N,Aydın F




Has Abstract


2015-05-01 00:00:00












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    abstract::Debrisoquine hydroxylase (CYP2D6) is involved in the metabolism of many toxicologically important drugs. The gene encoding for this enzyme displays a polymorphic distribution in all populations examined. We report a study on 46 cases, where analyses of the CYP2D6 gene were conducted on postmortem femoral blood in orde...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Druid H,Holmgren P,Carlsson B,Ahlner J

    更新日期:1999-01-04 00:00:00

  • Forensic characterization of HDPE pipes by DSC.

    abstract::The melting behavior of 28 high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe samples manufactured and supplied by 13 different manufacturers in India was examined by 'differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)' to find out if this parameter could be used in differentiating between these HDPE pipe samples which are chemically the sam...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sajwan M,Aggarwal S,Singh RB

    更新日期:2008-03-05 00:00:00

  • Positive identification by X-rays bone trabeculae comparison.

    abstract::Positive (certain, absolute) identification of human remains needs a scientific comparison between ante mortem and post-mortem biologic features, as fingerprint, odontological, radiological or DNA comparisons. X-rays comparison has been extensively used, usually comparing some peculiarities such as outlines of the bon...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Quatrehomme G,Biglia E,Padovani B,du Jardin P,Alunni V

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Application of dye analysis in forensic fibre and textile examination: Case examples.

    abstract::Seven cases and a quality assurance test are presented. In these cases, fibres or textiles submitted for investigation were analysed by HPLC-DAD-MS to identify the dyes present. The cases presented illustrate that it is possible to identify textile dyes in fibre traces recovered for forensic analysis. The results show...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schotman TG,Xu X,Rodewijk N,van der Weerd J

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  • PCR typing of DNA fragments of the short tandem repeat (STR) system HUMTH01 in Danes and Greenland Eskimos.

    abstract::DNA from the short tandem repeat (STR) system HUMTH01 was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and analyzed by vertical electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels followed by silver staining. DNA samples from 100 unrelated Danes, 147 unrelated Greenland Eskimos, and 89 Danish mother/child pairs were analyzed. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nellemann LJ,Møller A,Morling N

    更新日期:1994-09-06 00:00:00

  • May Toxoplasma gondii increase suicide attempt-preliminary results in Turkish subjects?

    abstract::Suicide attempts are one of the risk factors of suicide. Possible mechanisms by which Toxoplasma gondii may affect human behavior and it may also cause humans to attempt suicide. The aim of this study is to find out whether or not T. gondii is one of the reasons in suicide attempts. We investigated the sero-positivity...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yagmur F,Yazar S,Temel HO,Cavusoglu M

    更新日期:2010-06-15 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rao N,Smith RE,Choi JH,Xu XH,Kornblum RN

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • Injuries due to deliberate violence in areas of Denmark. I. The extent of violence.

    abstract::As part of a transcultural investigation of violent behavior in Denmark and South America an analysis was made during a one year period of the incidents involving deliberate violence as registered at 3 Danish emergency wards, and at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Copenhagen. In the three emergency wards a total...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Breiting VB,Aalund O,Albrektsen SB,Danielsen L,Helweg-Larsen K,Jacobsen J,Kjaerulff H,Staugaard H,Thomsen JL

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the possible use of liquid crystals in fingerprinting.

    abstract::Preliminary results concerning the use of liquid crystals (LC) in fingerprinting are given. These were based on thin layers of liquid crystals, changing colours (observed in linear polarized light) due to dissolved organic matter, transferred from fingers' surfaces. The possibility is shown of using LC to illustrate n...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bładek J,Moszczyński J

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in Córdoba (Argentina).

    abstract::Eight Y-chromosome STRs were investigated in a male population sample from Córdoba region (Argentina). Complete Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes were obtained in 100 individuals, among which 91 different haplotypes were observed. The most common haplotype was shared by 4% of the sample, while 86 haplotypes were unique. T...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fondevila M,Jaime JC,Salas A,Lareu MV,Carracedo A

    更新日期:2003-11-26 00:00:00

  • Vehicle accident reconstruction by a reduced order impact model.

    abstract::Road accident reconstruction by simulation represents an important step to determine what happened, as well as responsibilities of subjects involved in the event. To allow the reconstruction, a large variety of well-established simulative approaches are available on the market, e.g., impulse-momentum models, finite el...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vangi D,Begani F,Spitzhüttl F,Gulino MS

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • New alleles and mutational events in D12S391 and D8S1132: sequence data from an eastern German population.

    abstract::To investigate the DNA mutation rate and pattern in the hypervariable short tandem repeat (STR) locus D12S391 and in the locus D8S1132, samples from an eastern German population (Dresden area) were analysed. A duplex PCR was applied, using short amplification products for D12S391 (129-177bp) and a modified reverse pri...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hering S,Müller E

    更新日期:2001-12-27 00:00:00

  • Quantification of mitochondrial DNA in human blood cells using an automated detection system.

    abstract::The 4977 bp deletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) accumulates in postmitotic tissues with advancing age. The purpose of our study was to detect and quantify these deletion even in blood cells with a high turnover activity. Whole venous blood, isolated human platelets and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meissner C,Mohamed SA,Klueter H,Hamann K,von Wurmb N,Oehmichen M

    更新日期:2000-09-11 00:00:00

  • Tandem mass spectrometry: a helpful tool in hair analysis for the forensic expert.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uhl M

    更新日期:2000-01-10 00:00:00

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    abstract::(1) The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify Rh-related cDNAs from erythroid cells cultured by the selective two-phase liquid culture system for human erythroid progenitors in peripheral blood. Two Rh polypeptide cDNAs have been isolated from the PCR products and tentatively designated RhPI cDNA and RhP...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ikemoto S,Iwamoto S,Tsuchida S,Goto K,Oyamada T,Kajii E

    更新日期:1996-06-28 00:00:00

  • Differentiation of the 1-(methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanes and 1-(methoxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanones by GC-IRD and GC-MS.

    abstract::Two amphetamine-like piperazine-containing compounds, 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropane (3,4-MDPPP), its positional isomer 1-(2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropane (2,3-MDPPP) and three methcathinone-like piperazine-containing regioisomeric ring substituted 1-(methoxyphenyl)-2-piperazinopropanon...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abdel-Hay KM,DeRuiter J,Clark CR

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neumann C,Margot P

    更新日期:2009-03-10 00:00:00

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    abstract::A case of ruptured septic myocardial infarct with death from cardiac tamponade in an intravenous drug addict with left-sided infective endocarditis and septic coronary artery embolism is described. To the best of our knowledge, there is no previous report of such a case in the literature. Although uncommon, infective ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dickens P,Ho J,Wong KY

    更新日期:1995-08-28 00:00:00

  • Isolated viable rat cardiac myocytes as a tool for evaluating histochemical methods for diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. I. Mitochondria-bound oxidoreductases--a preliminary report.

    abstract::A pilot study has been performed to evaluate the usefulness of isolated viable rat cardiac myocytes in the evaluation of histochemical oxidoreductase methods for estimating cellular anoxic damage. Data are presented in support of the use of succinate dehydrogenase and beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase for evaluating ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakobsson SW

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative pharmacokinetic study of ethanol in the blood, vitreous humour and aqueous humour of rabbits.

    abstract::The pharmacokinetics of ethanol in the blood, vitreous humour and aqueous humour of the rabbit after intravenous administration of single dose have been compared. Ethanol levels were determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Certain parallelism between ethanol levels in these body fluids were observed after 80 min. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández P,López-Rivadulla M,Liñares JM,Tato F,Bermejo AM

    更新日期:1989-04-01 00:00:00

  • Multivariate optimization of the denitration reaction of nitrocelluloses for safer determination of their nitrogen content.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alinat E,Delaunay N,Archer X,Vial J,Gareil P

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  • Psychopathology and weapon choice: a study of 103 perpetrators of homicide or attempted homicide.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

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    authors: Catanesi R,Carabellese F,Troccoli G,Candelli C,Grattagliano I,Solarino B,Fortunato F

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  • Serial postmortem thoracic radiographic findings in canine cadavers.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heng HG,Selvarajah GT,Lim HT,Ong JS,Lim J,Ooi JT

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  • The synthetic cannabinoid 5F-MDMB-PICA: A case series.

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kleis J,Germerott T,Halter S,Héroux V,Roehrich J,Schwarz CS,Hess C

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pavlidis P,Karakasi MV

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suyama H,Nakasono I,Yoshitake T,Narita K,Yoshida C

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Improved measurement of ethyl glucuronide concentrations in hair using UPLCMS/MS for the evaluation of chronic ethanol consumption.

    abstract::The presence of Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair provides a strong indication of ethanol consumption and its investigation is of interest in both clinical and forensic contexts because of the wide window of detection. However, due to the possibility of false negative results in cases of small ethanol intake or excessiv...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bastiani MF,Lizot LLF,Da Silva ACC,Hahn RZ,Dries SS,Perassolo MS,Antunes MV,Linden R

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taroni F,Biedermann A,Bozza S,Comte J,Garbolino P

    更新日期:2012-07-10 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kranioti EF,Michopoulou E,Tsiminikaki K,Bonicelli A,Kalochristianakis M,Xhemali B,Paine RR,García-Donas JG

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increases in use of novel synthetic stimulant are not directly linked to decreased use of 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA).

    abstract::A decline in 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) use in Adelaide, Australia from 2009 to 2010 was confirmed by us previously. Reports suggested that the shortage in MDMA supply was associated with an increased prevalence of other synthetic stimulants, but quantitative measurements were unavailable. To obtain...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen C,Kostakis C,Irvine RJ,White JM

    更新日期:2013-09-10 00:00:00