Evidence-based medicine and prejudice-based medicine: the case of homeopathy.

Abstract:

:In recent decades an important social movement related to Complementary and Alternative Medicine has been identified worldwide. In Brazil, although homeopathy was recognized as a specialist medical area in 1980, few medical schools offer courses related to it. In a previous study, 176 resident doctors at the University of Campinas Medical School were interviewed and 86 (49%) rejected homeopathy as a subject in the core medical curriculum. Thus, this qualitative study was conducted to understand their reasons for refusing. 20 residents from 15 different specialist areas were interviewed. Very few of them admitted to a lack of knowledge for making a judgment about homeopathy; none of them made a conscientious objection to it; and the majority demonstrated prejudice, affirming that there is not enough scientific evidence to support homeopathy, defending their position based on personal opinion, limited clinical practice and on information circulated in the mass media. Finally, resident doctors' prejudices against homeopathy can be extended to practices other than allopathic medicine.

journal_name

Cad Saude Publica

authors

Barros NF,Fiuza AR

doi

10.1590/0102-311x00183513

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-11-01 00:00:00

pages

2368-2376

issue

11

eissn

0102-311X

issn

1678-4464

pii

S0102-311X2014001102368

journal_volume

30

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Challenges for conducting blood collection and biochemical analysis in a large multicenter school-based study with adolescents: lessons from ERICA in Brazil.

    abstract::The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) is a pioneering study that aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including metabolic syndrome components in Brazilian adolescents. This study aims to describe the methodological aspects related to blood collection as well as to report per...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00122816

    authors: Cureau FV,Bloch KV,Henz A,Schaan CW,Klein CH,Oliveira CL,Giannini DT,Leon EB,Abreu GA,Telo GH,Dias GM,Carvalho KMB,Barufaldi LA,Kuschnir MCC,Szklo M,Montenegro R Jr,Silva TLND,Ekelund U,Schaan BD

    更新日期:2017-05-18 00:00:00

  • [Effectiveness of ferrous sulfate supplementation in the prevention of anemia in children: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis].

    abstract::This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the effectiveness of ferrous sulfate supplementation in the prevention of anemia in children under five. The database search included PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO. Articles published between 1980 and 2011 in Spanish, English, or Portuguese were...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00152312

    authors: Cembranel F,Dallazen C,González-Chica DA

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Social support network, mental health and quality of life: a cross-sectional study in primary care.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to identify the association between emotional distress and social support networks with quality of life in primary care patients. This was a cross-sectional study involving 1,466 patients in the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2009/2010. The General Health Questionnai...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00165115

    authors: Portugal FB,Campos MR,Correia CR,Gonçalves DA,Ballester D,Tófoli LF,Mari JJ,Gask L,Dowrick C,Bower P,Fortes S

    更新日期:2016-12-22 00:00:00

  • COVID-19 infection in pregnant women, preterm delivery, birth weight, and vertical transmission: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::In less than four months, the total of confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 1,684,833 worldwide. Outcomes among the public of pregnant women with COVID-19 are still unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze whether COVID-19 in pregnant women is related to premature birth and birth weight, and t...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00087320

    authors: Melo GC,Araújo KCGM

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Predictors of HIV seropositive status in non-IV drug users at testing and counseling centers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    abstract::This study describes HIV-related behaviors recorded through a questionnaire applied to 570 individuals in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, who were not regular drug users. Mean age was 30.3 years, 51.1 % were male, and most were low-income (59.1%). The HIV seropositive rate was 9.9% (13.1% for males, 6.9% for ...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2005000100029

    authors: Pechansky F,von Diemen L,Kessler F,De Boni R,Surrat H,Inciardi J

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Dimensional structure of the Brazilian version of the Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ-BR)].

    abstract::This study aimed to assess the dimensional structure and internal consistency of the Brazilian version of the Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ-BR) for measurement of functional capacity in the elderly, based on the informant's report. This was a cross-sectional study with 525 non-institutionalized elderly info...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00209917

    authors: Jomar RT,Lourenço RA,Lopes CS

    更新日期:2018-11-08 00:00:00

  • Trends in the number of traffic accident victims on Brazil's federal highways before and after the start of the Decade of Action for Road Safety.

    abstract::This study aimed to analyze the trend in the number of fatalities, severe injuries, and minor injuries from traffic accidents on Brazil's federal highways according to the country's major geographic regions before and after the start of the Decade of Action for Road Safety (DARS). This was an interrupted time series s...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00250218

    authors: Andrade FR,Antunes JLF

    更新日期:2019-08-29 00:00:00

  • [Gender and sexuality: fragments of male identity in the Aids era]

    abstract::This paper focuses on specific aspects of male sexuality and how this sexual identity is built in the Aids era, based on conversations with low-income youth, ages 14-21 years, living in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro. We examine how Aids is perceived and investigate sexuality in this epidemic context. The goal is...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x1998000100022

    authors: Mota MP

    更新日期:1998-04-30 00:00:00

  • Exposure to misoprostol and hormones during pregnancy and risk of congenital anomalies.

    abstract::This study evaluated the association between use of misoprostol and other drugs to induce menstruation, and congenital anomalies. A sample of 4,856 pregnant women 20 years and older were enrolled consecutively in prenatal services in the Unified National Health System, in six Brazilian State capitals. Data on socio-de...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2008000600025

    authors: Dal Pizzol Tda S,Sanseverino MT,Mengue SS

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Intergenerational educational mobility, discrimination, and hypertension in adults from Southern Brazil.

    abstract::Systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) or high blood pressure a serious global public health problem marked by social inequalities. There are few studies on SAH in Brazil with a life-course theoretical perspective. The current article aims to analyze the relationship between intergenerational educational mobility (IEM) ...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00026419

    authors: Nishida W,Kupek E,Zanelatto C,Bastos JL

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of sexual dysfunction in primigravidae in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil].

    abstract::This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of sexual dysfunction prior to and during the first pregnancy. This was a cross-sectional study using postpartum interviews with 778 primigravidae who were married or in stable unions and had given birth at the two maternity hospitals in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil, from ...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00164012

    authors: Lima AC,Dotto LM,Mamede MV

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Gender and night work: sleep, daily life and the experiences of night shift workers].

    abstract::This paper deals with the impact of night work from a gender perspective, through a field study at a factory employing men and women on the night shift. It is based on data for hours of sleep over the course of several weeks, socio-demographic data, and job information, using a semi-structured interview. The methodolo...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2001000300018

    authors: Rotenberg L,Portela LF,Marcondes WB,Moreno C,Nascimento CP

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Methodological description of accelerometry for measuring physical activity in the 1993 and 2004 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohorts].

    abstract::The aim of this study was to characterize the methodology of data collection on physical activity using accelerometry in two birth cohorts (2004 and 1993) in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, at the 6-7 and 18-year follow-up visits, respectively. During visits to the study headquarters for a health evaluation,...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2013000300013

    authors: Knuth AG,Assunção MC,Gonçalves H,Menezes AM,Santos IS,Barros AJ,Matijasevich A,Ramires VV,Silva IC,Hallal PC

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Differentiating clinical care from disease prevention: a prerequisite for practicing quaternary prevention.

    abstract::This article contends that the distinction between clinical care (illness) and prevention of future disease is essential to the practice of quaternary prevention. The authors argue that the ongoing entanglement of clinical care and prevention transforms healthy into "sick" people through changes in disease classificat...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00012316

    authors: Tesser CD,Norman AH

    更新日期:2016-10-20 00:00:00

  • [Behaviors related to sunlight exposure versus protection in a random population sample from 15 Brazilian State capitals and the Federal District, 2002-2003].

    abstract::This article examines region-specific relations between prevalence of protection against sunlight and socio-demographic and behavioral variables in Brazil. Data were derived from a cross-sectional population-based random sample. Information on sunlight exposure was available for a total of 16,999 individuals 15 years ...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2007000400010

    authors: Szklo AS,Almeida LM,Figueiredo V,Lozana Jde A,Azevedo e Silva Mendonça G,Moura Ld,Szklo M

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Vaccine coverage and factors associated with influenza vaccination in the elderly in the city of São Paulo, Brazil: SABE Study 2015.

    abstract::This study evaluated influenza vaccine coverage among elderly individuals (≥ 60 years) living in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2015, and analyzed associated factors. This was a cross-sectional population-based study of data from the SABE Study (Health, Well-Being, and Aging). The dependent variable was influenza v...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00237419

    authors: Sato APS,Andrade FB,Duarte YAO,Antunes JLF

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of genital HPV infection in urban and rural women in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon].

    abstract::This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for genital infection with HPV in women from rural and urban areas in two different regions of the Eastern Brazilian Amazon. A cross-sectional survey was performed in Pap screening programs, with a total sample of 444 women (233 urban and 211 rural). Uterine cerv...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2011000400016

    authors: Pinto Dda S,Fuzii HT,Quaresma JA

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Satisfaction with the neighborhood environment and health in older elderly: cross-sectional evidence from the Bambuí Cohort Study of Aging.

    abstract::In order to investigate the association between satisfaction with the neighborhood environment and self-rated health among older elderly, data from 814 participants of the eleventh wave of the Bambuí Cohort Study of Aging were analyzed using robust Poisson regression analyses. Those elderly with higher satisfaction wi...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2011001500009

    authors: Luz TC,César CC,Lima-Costa MF,Proietti FA

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Time trends and predictors of mortality from ill-defined causes in old age: 9 year follow-up of the Bambuí cohort study (Brazil).

    abstract::The study objective was to examine differentials in time trends and predictors of deaths assigned to symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions in comparison with other ill-defined conditions (ill-defined cardiovascular diseases, cancer and injury) in a population-based cohort study. Of 1,606 baseline participants age...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2010000300009

    authors: Lima-Costa MF,Matos DL,Laurenti R,Mello-Jorge MH,Cesar CC

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Use of research results in policy decision-making, formulation, and implementation: a review of the literature.

    abstract::This paper offers a critical review of the theoretical literature on the relationship between the production of scientific knowledge and its use in policy formulation and implementation. Extensive academic output, using a diversity of approaches and analytical frameworks, has sought to systematize knowledge transfer c...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2006001300002

    authors: Almeida C,Báscolo E

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Paideia training for matrix support: a pedagogical strategy centered on reflection of practice].

    abstract::The study analyzed the use of the Paideia Method for training professionals that use matrix support in Curitiba (Paraná State), Uberlândia (Minas Gerais State), and Campinas (São Paulo State), Brazil. An 18-month training process (Specialization Course) was developed for this purpose with matrix support professionals....

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00123617

    authors: Viana MMO,Campos GWS

    更新日期:2018-08-20 00:00:00

  • [Changes in the Declaration of Helsinki: economic fundamentalism, ethical imperialism and social control].

    abstract::This study is a critical reflection on attempts to alter the Declaration of Helsinki, a key document of the democratic theses achieved in the latter half of the 20th century and thus a legacy for humanity because of its ethical guidelines for research involving human beings. Therefore, there must be worldwide social c...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2001000600020

    authors: Garrafa V,Prado MM

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of wheezing and associated factors in Guarani indigenous children hospitalized for acute respiratory infections in Southern and Southeastern Brazil].

    abstract::Prevalence of wheezing was studied in Guarani indigenous children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory tract infections in Southern and Southeastern Brazil, recruited by a surveillance routine established in villages from May 2007 to June 2008. Data were obtained from hospital records. Crude and adjusted prevalenc...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00155013

    authors: Souza PG,Cardoso AM,Sant Anna CC

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • [External quality assessment in coproparasitology in Havana City Province, Cuba]

    abstract::An external quality assessment in coproparasitology was carried out in 77 laboratories from Havana City. A questionnaire and ten plastic vials with different intestinal parasites in a small nylon bag, duly sealed, were sent to each laboratory. Answers were collected during the 72 hours after delivery. Results were ana...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Angel Núñez F,Ginorio DE,Finlay CM

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anemia and functional capacity in elderly Brazilian hospitalized patients.

    abstract::This study evaluated the association between anemia and physical functional capacity in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 709 hospitalized elderly patients aged 60 years and over admitted to the Madre Teresa Hospital, Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Mann-Whitney or "t" test, and chi-squar...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2013000700007

    authors: Bosco Rde M,Assis EP,Pinheiro RR,Queiroz LC,Pereira LS,Antunes CM

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood tuberculosis incidence in Southeast Brazil, 1996.

    abstract::This study aims to describe childhood tuberculosis incidence in Southeast Brazil in 1996. It is a descriptive study based on secondary records from the Tuberculosis Division of the Sao Paulo State Health Department. The study area includes 40 cities, has some 1,800,000 inhabitants, and is located between Sao Paulo and...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2004000600036

    authors: Nascimento LF

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Factors associated with the demand for health services by Brazilian adolescents: the National School Health Survey (PeNSE), 2012].

    abstract::The objectives of this study were to describe the demand for health services by adolescents and to identify associated factors. The study analyzed data from the National School Health Survey 2012 and calculated prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Data analysis used age-adjusted logistic regression. ...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311X00165214

    authors: Oliveira MM,Andrade SS,Campos MO,Malta DC

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and evolving features of women diagnosed with precancerous cervical lesions, screened and treated in the Amazon region of Brazil.

    abstract::The objective of the study was to determine the dynamics of precancerous lesions in women of a cohort treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and followed up over the next two years. The conditional probability of failure was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the raw and adjusted hazard ratios...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00164913

    authors: Prado PR,Koifman RJ,Silva IF

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bias of using odds ratio estimates in multinomial logistic regressions to estimate relative risk or prevalence ratio and alternatives.

    abstract::Recent studies have emphasized that there is no justification for using the odds ratio (OR) as an approximation of the relative risk (RR) or prevalence ratio (PR). Erroneous interpretations of the OR as RR or PR must be avoided, as several studies have shown that the OR is not a good approximation for these measures w...

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/0102-311x00077313

    authors: Camey SA,Torman VB,Hirakata VN,Cortes RX,Vigo A

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Leprosy surveillance in Olinda, Brazil, using spatial analysis techniques].

    abstract::In the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, leprosy has been mainly an urban disease, with an uneven geographical distribution related at least partially to the way urban space has been occupied and transformed. Spatial analysis may thus become an important tool to establish an epidemiological surveillance system for leprosy....

    journal_title:Cadernos de saude publica

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2001000500016

    authors: Lapa T,Ximenes R,Silva NN,Souza W,Albuquerque M,Campozana G

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00