Inhibition of autophagy enhances the anticancer activity of silver nanoparticles.

Abstract:

:Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are cytotoxic to cancer cells and possess excellent potential as an antitumor agent. A variety of nanoparticles have been shown to induce autophagy, a critical cellular degradation process, and the elevated autophagy in most of these situations promotes cell death. Whether Ag NPs can induce autophagy and how it might affect the anticancer activity of Ag NPs has not been reported. Here we show that Ag NPs induced autophagy in cancer cells by activating the PtdIns3K signaling pathway. The autophagy induced by Ag NPs was characterized by enhanced autophagosome formation, normal cargo degradation, and no disruption of lysosomal function. Consistent with these properties, the autophagy induced by Ag NPs promoted cell survival, as inhibition of autophagy by either chemical inhibitors or ATG5 siRNA enhanced Ag NPs-elicited cancer cell killing. We further demonstrated that wortmannin, a widely used inhibitor of autophagy, significantly enhanced the antitumor effect of Ag NPs in the B16 mouse melanoma cell model. Our results revealed a novel biological activity of Ag NPs in inducing cytoprotective autophagy, and inhibition of autophagy may be a useful strategy for improving the efficacy of Ag NPs in anticancer therapy.

journal_name

Autophagy

journal_title

Autophagy

authors

Lin J,Huang Z,Wu H,Zhou W,Jin P,Wei P,Zhang Y,Zheng F,Zhang J,Xu J,Hu Y,Wang Y,Li Y,Gu N,Wen L

doi

10.4161/auto.36293

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-01-01 00:00:00

pages

2006-20

issue

11

eissn

1554-8627

issn

1554-8635

journal_volume

10

pub_type

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