Roseovarius sp. strain 217: aerobic taurine dissimilation via acetate kinase and acetate-CoA ligase.


:The genome sequence of Roseovarius sp. strain 217 indicated that many pathway enzymes found in other organisms for the degradation of taurine are represented, but that a novel, apparently energy-dependent pathway is involved in the conversion of acetyl phosphate to acetyl CoA. Thus, an ABC transporter for taurine could be postulated, while inducible taurine: pyruvate aminotransferase, alanine dehydrogenase, sulfoacetaldehyde acetyltransferase and sulfite dehydrogenase could be assayed. Whereas phosphate acetyltransferase has been found in other organisms, none was indicated in the genome sequence and no activity was found in cell-free extracts. Instead, acetate kinase was active as was acetate-CoA ligase.


FEMS Microbiol Lett


Baldock MI,Denger K,Smits TH,Cook AM




Has Abstract


2007-06-01 00:00:00














  • Enhanced expression of aconitase raises acetic acid resistance in Acetobacter aceti.

    abstract::Acetobacter spp. are used for industrial vinegar production because of their high ability to oxidize ethanol to acetic acid and high resistance to acetic acid. Two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis of a soluble fraction of Acetobacter aceti revealed the presence of several proteins whose production was enhanced...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakano S,Fukaya M,Horinouchi S

    更新日期:2004-06-15 00:00:00

  • Construction of a food-grade host/vector system for Lactococcus lactis based on the lactose operon.

    abstract::A plasmid-based food-grade vector system was developed for Lactococcus lactis by exploiting the genes for lactose metabolism. L. lactis MG5267 is a plasmid-free strain containing the entire lactose operon as a chromosomal insertion. The lacF gene was deleted from this strain by a double cross-over homologous recombina...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacCormick CA,Griffin HG,Gasson MJ

    更新日期:1995-03-15 00:00:00

  • Attempts to revive Mycobacterium tuberculosis from 300-year-old human mummies.

    abstract::Environmental persistence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is subject to speculation. However, the reality that infected postmortem tissues can be a danger to pathologists and embalmers has worrisome implications. A few experimental studies have demonstrated the organism's ability to withstand exposure to embalming fluid...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lemma E,Zimhony O,Greenblatt CL,Koltunov V,Zylber MI,Vernon K,Spigelman M

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Esterase from the oil-degrading Acinetobacter lwoffii RAG-1: sequence analysis and over-expression in Escherichia coli.

    abstract::The est gene encoding an esterase from Acinetobacter lwoffii RAG-1 was cloned into E. coli under the control of the PL promoter of the phage lambda. The N-terminal sequence of the first 20 amino acids of the heterologous expressed esterase corresponded to that obtained from the nucleotide sequence. Antibodies prepared...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alon RN,Gutnick DL

    更新日期:1993-09-15 00:00:00

  • Prebiotics and gut microbiota in chickens.

    abstract::Prebiotics are non-digestible feed ingredients that are metabolized by specific members of intestinal microbiota and provide health benefits for the host. Fermentable oligosaccharides are best known prebiotics that have received increasing attention in poultry production. They act through diverse mechanisms, such as p...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pourabedin M,Zhao X

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Purification and characterization of L-allo-threonine aldolase from Aeromonas jandaei DK-39.

    abstract::L-allo-Threonine aldolase (L-allo-threonine acetaldehyde-lyase), which exhibited specificity for L-allo-threonine but not for L-threonine, was purified from a cell-free extract of Aeromonas jandaei DK-39. The purified enzyme catalyzed the aldol cleavage reaction of L-allo-threonine (K(m) = 1.45 mM, Vmax = 45.2 mumol m...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kataoka M,Wada M,Nishi K,Yamada H,Shimizu S

    更新日期:1997-06-15 00:00:00

  • Identification of a new promoter for the response regulator rcsB expression in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium.

    abstract::The RcsCDB (Rcs) phosphorelay system regulates capsule synthesis, flagella production and other cellular activities in several enteric bacteria. This system consists of three proteins: the sensor RcsC, the cognate response regulator RcsB and the histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein RcsD (YojN), which is hypoth...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pescaretti Mde L,Morero R,Delgado MA

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic analysis of CTX prophages with special reference to ctxB and rstR alleles of Vibrio cholerae O139 strains isolated from Kolkata over a decade.

    abstract::Chronological analysis of 125 Vibrio cholerae O139 strains isolated during 1993-2005 in Kolkata revealed the prevalence of two new genotypes of cholera toxin (CT) and novel combinations of ctxB and rstR alleles resulting in variant CTX prophages. One of the new genotypes of ctxB, which first appeared in 1996 with the ...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raychoudhuri A,Mukherjee P,Ramamurthy T,Nandy RK,Takeda Y,Nair GB,Mukhopadhyay AK

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella enterica food and animal isolates from Colombia: identification of a qnrB19-mediated quinolone resistance marker in two novel serovars.

    abstract::Ninety-three Salmonella isolates recovered from commercial foods and exotic animals in Colombia were studied. The serotypes, resistance profiles and where applicable the quinolone resistance genes were determined. Salmonella Anatum (n=14), Uganda (19), Braenderup (10) and Newport (10) were the most prevalent serovars,...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karczmarczyk M,Martins M,McCusker M,Mattar S,Amaral L,Leonard N,Aarestrup FM,Fanning S

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Horizontal gene transfer of chromosomal Type II toxin-antitoxin systems of Escherichia coli.

    abstract::Type II toxin-antitoxin systems (TAs) are small autoregulated bicistronic operons that encode a toxin protein with the potential to inhibit metabolic processes and an antitoxin protein to neutralize the toxin. Most of the bacterial genomes encode multiple TAs. However, the diversity and accumulation of TAs on bacteria...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramisetty BC,Santhosh RS

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence for a net-like organization of lipopolysaccharide particles in the Escherichia coli outer membrane.

    abstract::Cell wall LPS of Escherichia coli are organized as particles which are visible in the electron microscope, after treatment of the wall with alkali. We now describe alkali treated walls of three E. coli strains with differences in susceptibility to the T4 phage infection. Strain CR63, a usual host for the T4 phage, sho...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zorzopulos J,de Long S,Chapman V,Kozloff LM

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • Purification and characterization of a putative virulence factor, serine protease, from Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

    abstract::A protease (protease A) was successfully purified from the extracellular proteins of Vibrio parahaemolyticus no. 93, a clinical strain carrying neither tdh nor trh genes, using phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The molecular mass of protease A was 43 kDa using gel filtration, which was in ...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee CY,Cheng MF,Yu MS,Pan MJ

    更新日期:2002-03-19 00:00:00

  • Gloeosporiocide, a new antifungal cyclic peptide from Streptomyces morookaense AM25 isolated from the Amazon bulk soil.

    abstract::Actinobacteria are known by their ability to produce several antimicrobial compounds of biotechnological interest. Thus, in this study, we isolated and identified by partial 16S RNA sequencing ∼100 actinobacteria isolates from guarana (Paullinia cupana) bulk soil. Besides, we isolated from the actinobacteria Streptomy...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vicente Dos Reis G,Abraham WR,Grigoletto DF,de Campos JB,Marcon J,da Silva JA,Quecine MC,de Azevedo JL,Ferreira AG,de Lira SP

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • The alcohol dehydrogenase gene: distribution among Sulfolobales and regulation in Sulfolobus solfataricus.

    abstract::The distribution of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (adh) among different Archaea was investigated by Southern blot analysis revealing the potentiality of the adh gene as a specific marker for the genus Sulfolobus. Moreover, the in vivo expression of the adh gene from a new isolate of Sulfolobus solfataricus, G theta, ...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cannio R,Fiorentino G,Rossi M,Bartolucci S

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Purification and properties of a 1,3-beta-glucanase from Penicillium oxalicum autolysates.

    abstract::High 1,3-beta-glucanase activity was detected during autolysis in a culture medium containing Penicillium oxalicum. It was due to the combined action of four enzymes. The purification process for the major enzyme produced a homogeneous band in the SDS polyacrylamide gel that corresponded to a molecular weight of 79,40...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Copa-Patiño JL,Reyes F,Pérez-Leblic MI

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative genomics of Neisseria weaveri clarifies the taxonomy of this species and identifies genetic determinants that may be associated with virulence.

    abstract::A group of bacterial strains formerly known as CDC group M-5 are opportunistic pathogens to humans. In 1993, a name, Neisseria weaveri, was proposed by two independent studies to harbor CDC group M-5 strains, namely N. weaveri Holmes et al. 1993 and N. weaveri Andersen et al. 1993, with two different 'type' strains. H...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yi H,Cho YJ,Yoon SH,Park SC,Chun J

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • RpoS as an intermediate in RsmA-dependent regulation of secondary antifungal metabolites biosynthesis in Pseudomonas sp. M18.

    abstract::To investigate the regulatory mechanism governing antifungal metabolite biosynthesis, two kinds of global regulator genes in Pseudomonas sp. M18, an rpoS and an rsmA gene, were cloned and mutated by inserting with an aacC1 cassette, respectively. Two mutants showed the same regulatory mode with repression of phenazine...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ge Y,Yang S,Fang Y,Yang R,Mou D,Cui J,Wen L

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Growth and morphogenesis in Streptomyces.

    abstract::In this report we propose a model of apical growth for streptomycetes. The apical tip is considered as a multilayered wall that expands by an inside-to-outside mechanism of growth. It is also assumed that each layer is made up of peptidoglycan blocks, each of them being the result of the biosynthetic activity of a wal...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miguélez EM,Martín C,Manzanal MB,Hardisson C

    更新日期:1992-12-15 00:00:00

  • The influence of culture conditions on the identification of Mycobacterium species by MALDI-TOF MS profiling.

    abstract::Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) represents a simple reliable approach for rapid bacterial identification based on specific peptide/protein fingerprints. However, cell-wall characteristics of mycobacterial species, and their well known stability, complicate MA...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balážová T,Makovcová J,Šedo O,Slaný M,Faldyna M,Zdráhal Z

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Allelic variation in srtAs of Streptococcus suis strains.

    abstract::Streptococcus suis NCTC10234 possesses five srtA homologs: srtA encodes sortase, which anchors surface proteins with an LPXTG motif to the cell wall, while the functions of the other four homologs (the srtBCD cluster and srtE) remain unknown. The genetic organization of the srtA region was found to be conserved in the...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Osaki M,Takamatsu D,Shimoji Y,Sekizaki T

    更新日期:2003-02-28 00:00:00

  • Autocrine response of Schizosaccharomyces pombe haploid cells to mating pheromones.

    abstract::The mating response of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe is mediated by mating pheromones, M-factor and P-factor, produced by h- and h+ cells, respectively. When the M-factor receptor (Map3) was ectopically expressed in h- cells lacking the P-factor receptor (Mam2), they acquired mating competence in respons...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kitamura K,Nakamura T,Miki F,Shimoda C

    更新日期:1996-09-15 00:00:00

  • Protective roles of katG-homologous genes against extrinsic peroxides in Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

    abstract::The marine foodborne enteropathogen, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, has four putative catalase genes. Function of the katG-homologous genes, katG1(VPA0768) and katG2(VPA0453), was examined using gene deletion mutants, and compared with those of the katE-homologous genes, katE1(VPA1418) and katE2(VPA0305). Bacterial growth o...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu SC,Fen SY,Chien CL,Wong HC

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Construction of a family of lactococcal vectors for gene cloning and translational fusion.

    abstract::A family of stable lactococcal vectors have been constructed based on the pFX1 replicon using either the alpha fragment or the complete Escherichia coli lacZ gene as a selective marker. These vectors also incorporate multiple cloning sites and examples are given of their use for gene cloning and translational fusion s...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu FF,Pearce LE,Yu PL

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • PCR detection of Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli in human faeces.

    abstract::Previously-developed PCR protocols specific for the 16S rRNA gene of the intestinal spirochaetes Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli were adapted for the detection of these species in human faeces, following DNA extraction and purification using mini-prep columns. The limits of detection in seeded faeces f...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mikosza AS,La T,Margawani KR,Brooke CJ,Hampson DJ

    更新日期:2001-04-13 00:00:00

  • Mitochondrial DNA organisation of the mtDNA type 2b of Aspergillus tubingensis compared to the Aspergillus niger mtDNA type 1a.

    abstract::A physical and functional map of Aspergillus tubingensis mtDNA type 2b was constructed and compared to Aspergillus niger typeI a mtDNA. The gene content and order, as well as the patterns of restriction sites, were similar. Two unidentified ORFs and several repeat elements were found in the region between the ndhl and...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Juhász A,Láday M,Gácser A,Kucsera J,Pfeiffer I,Kevei F,Hamari Z

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Efflux of choline and glycine betaine from osmoregulating cells of Escherichia coli.

    abstract::We present evidence that glycine betaine (betaine) which was synthesized from choline was excreted and reaccumulated in osmoregulating cells of Escherichia coli. Choline which was accumulated in bet mutants defective in betaine synthesis was shown to be excreted in response to betaine uptake. Our data suggest that E. ...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lamark T,Styrvold OB,Strøm AR

    更新日期:1992-09-15 00:00:00

  • Lactobacillus fermentum 3872 genome sequencing reveals plasmid and chromosomal genes potentially involved in a probiotic activity.

    abstract::In this report we describe a Lactobacillus fermentum 3872 plasmid (pLF3872) not previously found in any other strain of this species. The analysis of the complete sequence of this plasmid revealed the presence of a gene encoding a large collagen-binding protein (CBP), as well as the genes responsible for plasmid maint...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lehri B,Seddon AM,Karlyshev AV

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Plasmid transformation and replica filter plating of Acholeplasma laidlawii.

    abstract::The restriction deficient mutant 8195 of Acholeplasma laidlawii strain JA1 was transformed by the promiscuous streptococcal plasmid vector pNZ18 at a frequency of 4 x 10(-4)/cfu. The plasmid was maintained without structural rearrangements but was lost in the absence of a selection pressure, i.e. kanamycin or neomycin...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sundström TK,Wieslander A

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Immuno-crossreactivity and toxicity assessment of conjugation products of the cyanobacterial toxin, microcystin-LR.

    abstract::Immunoassays are increasingly used to investigate the production, properties and fates of the cyanobacterial hepatotoxic microcystins in vitro and in vivo. Responses of an ELISA immunoassay to microcystins have been determined using the authentic toxin antigen, microcystin-LR, and conjugation products between the toxi...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Metcalf JS,Beattie KA,Pflugmacher S,Codd GA

    更新日期:2000-08-15 00:00:00

  • H4 histone in the macronucleus of Blepharisma japonicum (Protozoa, Ciliophora, Heterotrichida).

    abstract::Two clones, obtained by polymerase chain reaction from macronuclear DNA of the unicellular ciliated protist Blepharisma japonicum, were isolated and sequenced. They correspond to fragments of two different putative H4 histone genes. The existence of multiple H4 histone genes was also suggested by Southern blot hybridi...

    journal_title:FEMS microbiology letters

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salvini M,Bini E,Santucci A,Batistoni R

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00