Effects of antiemetic drugs on glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and some antioxidant enzymes.

Abstract:

:The aim of this study was to investigate effect of antiemetics on G6PD and antioxidant enzymes. Antiemetics are currently being used to reduce or prevent nausea and vomiting in patients. This is the first study to show effect of antiemetics on glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and antioxidant enzyme activities. For in vitro studies, G6PD was purified from human erythrocyte, 10, 26-fold in a yield of 51.3% by using ammonium sulphate precipitation and 2',5'-ADP-Sepharose 4B affinity gel. The purified enzyme showed a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The effects of four different antiemetics (granisetron hydrochloride, ondansetron hydrochloride, metoclopramide hydrochloride, trimethobenzamide hydrochloride) were investigated on the purified enzyme. Granisetron hydrochloride and ondansetron hydrochloride inhibited the enzyme activity (Ki values; 5.05 mM and 0.034 mM, I50 values; 3.9 mM and 0.036 mM, respectively). Metoclopramide hydrochloride, trimethobenzamide hydrochloride showed no inhibition effects. In addition, in vivo studies, effects of ondansetron hydrochloride on the G6PD, glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase (CAT) were examined in the rat erythrocytes. G6PD (49% of control), GR (55% of control), CAT (60% of control) activities in erythrocytes were significantly decreased whereas GPx (183% of control) was significantly increased. A marked alteration in these enzymes may be result of oxidative stress in the rats receiving ondansetron hydrochloride.

journal_name

Pharmacol Res

journal_title

Pharmacological research

authors

Ozmen I,Küfrevioglu OI

doi

10.1016/j.phrs.2004.05.007

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-11-01 00:00:00

pages

499-504

issue

5

eissn

1043-6618

issn

1096-1186

pii

S1043661804001392

journal_volume

50

pub_type

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