Cause-of-death registers in radiation-contaminated areas of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan.


:Since the early 1990s, information on radiation-exposed populations other than those exposed from the Chernobyl accident in 1986 has become increasingly available for international scientific research. It is essential to understand how the cohorts of exposed populations have been defined and what mechanisms can be used to study their health outcomes. Different international scientific research collaborations currently investigate four population groups chronically exposed to ionizing radiation during the late 1940s and early 1950s in the Russian Federation and in Kazakhstan. In this framework, collaborations have been established to develop cause-of-death registers in each of these four areas for future mortality follow-up purposes with the aim of studying the health effects of ionizing radiation. The emphasis of this effort is on assessing the information sources available, the mechanisms of data collection and coding, and the data quality and completeness of the information collected. One of the major challenges is the harmonization of all these aspects between the four different centers to the extent possible, taking into account that much of the actual data has been collected over many decades.


Radiat Environ Biophys


Winkelmann RA,Tretyakov FD,Startsev NV,Kolyado IB,Gusev BI,Grosche B,Storm HH,Hall P





Has Abstract


2002-03-01 00:00:00












  • Development and testing of a revised dynamic model of radiocaesium transfer to sheep tissues.

    abstract::The model of radiocaesium transfer to sheep presented by Galer et al. provides reliable predictions only for sheep of a similar body weight to those used in the development of the model (approximately 30 kg). To extend the applicability of the model, it was necessary to re-parameterise it in terms of activity concentr...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crout NM,Beresford NA,Howard BJ,Mayes RW,Assimakopoulos PA,Vandecasteele CM

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • Applications of MCNP simulation in treatment planning: a comparative study.

    abstract::Monte Carlo codes have been used for approximately 80 years to solve various problems in medical physics. In this paper, the importance of the MCNPX code in treatment planning is highlighted. As illustrative examples of the role of MCNPX in this field, some dosimetric parameters, isodose distribution curves, and figur...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vahabi SM,Shamsaie Zafarghandi M

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Preclinical radiobiology with pions: RBE--values for mouse skin damage as a function of single doses of pions.

    abstract::The macroscopic reaction of the mouse skin was used to derive RBE values for negative pi-Mesons. Hind limbs of mice were irradiated with pions or X-rays. The pions were produced by the 590 MeV accelerator of the Schweizerisches Institut für Nuklearforschung (SIN). Early reaction was assessed over a period of 6--30 day...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fröhlich EM,Blattmann H,Pfister L,Cordt I,Zehnder J,Fritz-Niggli H

    更新日期:1979-08-10 00:00:00

  • Modeling cell response to low doses of photon irradiation: Part 2--application to radiation-induced chromosomal aberrations in human carcinoma cells.

    abstract::The biological phenomena observed at low doses of ionizing radiation (adaptive response, bystander effects, genomic instability, etc.) are still not well understood. While at high irradiation doses, cellular death may be directly linked to DNA damage, at low doses, other cellular structures may be involved in what are...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cunha M,Testa E,Komova OV,Nasonova EA,Mel'nikova LA,Shmakova NL,Beuve M

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Nuclear energy: health impact of carbon-14.

    abstract::Estimates are presented on the carbon-14 generation rates in several reactor types and in peaceful nuclear explosions. If the carbon-14 generated in light water reactors is released, the population radiation dose rate it causes initially will be comparable to that resulting from the krypton-85 and tritium generated in...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pohl RO

    更新日期:1976-12-23 00:00:00

  • Genetic effect of low doses of radiation in occupationally exposed workers in coal mines and in coal fired plants.

    abstract::Analyses of structural aberrations of chromosomes and of the body burden of lead-210 were carried out in a group of workers occupationally exposed to chemical pollutants and low doses of ionizing radiation during a technological process in which coal is used as fuel. A parallel study was performed in a control group o...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horvat D,Bauman A,Racić J

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effective dose conversion coefficients for radionuclides exponentially distributed in the ground.

    abstract::In order to provide fundamental data required for dose evaluation due to environmental exposures, effective dose conversion coefficients, that is, the effective dose rate per unit activity per unit area, were calculated for a number of potentially important radionuclides, assuming an exponential distribution in ground...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saito K,Ishigure N,Petoussi-Henss N,Schlattl H

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Biophysical aspects of Am-241 and Pu-241 in the environment.

    abstract::Most of plutonium released by nuclear explosions is Pu-241 which decays to Am-241. We have studied the deposition of Pu-241 and Am-241 in lichens collected since 1958 in the central part of Sweden (62.3 degrees N, 12. 4 degrees E). Comparative studies with Pu-isotopes, Pu-239 + 240 and Pu-238 were also performed. In 1...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holm E,Persson RB

    更新日期:1978-10-12 00:00:00

  • Calculation on spectrum of direct DNA damage induced by low-energy electrons including dissociative electron attachment.

    abstract::In this work, direct DNA damage induced by low-energy electrons (sub-keV) is simulated using a Monte Carlo method. The characteristics of the present simulation are to consider the new mechanism of DNA damage due to dissociative electron attachment (DEA) and to allow determining damage to specific bases (i.e., adenine...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu W,Tan Z,Zhang L,Champion C

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Photoproducts generated from hematoporphyrin under high-intensity picosecond flash photolysis. Evidences for involvement of biophotonic processes.

    abstract::Hematoporphyrin (Hp) solutions were subjected to a wide range high intensity (0.2-10.0 GW/cm2) near-UV laser pulse radiation (lambda exc = 355 nm, pulse duration 30 ps). The formation of stable Hp photoproducts was followed by UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy and liquid-gel column chromatography. As judged by the influe...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gantchev T,Keskinova E,Kaltchev M,Angelov D

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Intercomparison study on (152)Eu gamma ray and (36)Cl AMS measurements for development of the new Hiroshima-Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Dosimetry System 2002 (DS02).

    abstract::In the process of developing a new dosimetry system for atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (DS02), an intercomparison study between (152)Eu and (36)Cl measurements was proposed, to reconcile the discrepancy previously observed in the Hiroshima data between measurements and calculations of thermal neutron ...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoshi M,Endo S,Tanaka K,Ishikawa M,Straume T,Komura K,Rühm W,Nolte E,Huber T,Nagashima Y,Seki R,Sasa K,Sueki K,Fukushima H,Egbert SD,Imanaka T

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of chromosome aberrations in human peripheral lymphocytes induced by in vitro alpha-particle irradiation.

    abstract::Irradiation of human lymphocytes by alpha-particles under different conditions has been seen to be substantially more effective in the induction of dicentric chromosomes than irradiation by gamma-rays. However, the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) determined in these studies differed by a factor of more than 10...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmid E,Hieber L,Heinzmann U,Roos H,Kellerer AM

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cosmic radiation and cancer mortality among airline pilots: results from a European cohort study (ESCAPE).

    abstract::Cosmic radiation is an occupational risk factor for commercial aircrews. In this large European cohort study (ESCAPE) its association with cancer mortality was investigated on the basis of individual effective dose estimates for 19,184 male pilots. Mean annual doses were in the range of 2-5 mSv and cumulative lifetime...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Langner I,Blettner M,Gundestrup M,Storm H,Aspholm R,Auvinen A,Pukkala E,Hammer GP,Zeeb H,Hrafnkelsson J,Rafnsson V,Tulinius H,De Angelis G,Verdecchia A,Haldorsen T,Tveten U,Eliasch H,Hammar N,Linnersjö A

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of simulating a realistic eye model on the eye dose of an adult male undergoing head computed tomography.

    abstract::In head computed tomography, radiation upon the eye lens (as an organ with high radiosensitivity) may cause lenticular opacity and cataracts. Therefore, quantitative dose assessment due to exposure of the eye lens and surrounding tissue is a matter of concern. For this purpose, an accurate eye model with realistic geo...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Akhlaghi P,Ebrahimi-Khankook A,Vejdani-Noghreiyan A

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Fixation, retention and exhalation of carrier-free 11C-labeled carbon monoxide by man.

    abstract::Carrier-free 11C-labeled carbon monoxide was produced by proton irradiation of a nitrogen gas flow target via the 14N(p, alpha)11C process followed by on-line reduction of the predominantly formed 11C-carbon dioxide with a yield of 0.4 mCi/muAmin. After appropriate quality control about 2 mCi of carrier-free 11C-carbo...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weinreich R,Ritzl F,Feinendegen LE,Schnippering HG,Stöcklin G

    更新日期:1975-12-04 00:00:00

  • Rate constants studies of the dye-sensitized photoinactivation of lysozyme.

    abstract::The rate constants for the photodynamic inactivation of hen egg-white lysozyme at different temperatures were studied. Arrhenius plots of the methylene blue sensitized photo-inactivation of lysozyme gave an experimental activation energy of 7.5 kcal/mol. The rate constants for the photodynamic inactivation of lysozyme...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva E

    更新日期:1979-02-23 00:00:00

  • Simulation of (125)I decay in a synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide with normal and distorted geometry and the role of radiation and non-radiation actions.

    abstract::Within the track structure code PARTRAC, DNA strand break induction by direct and indirect radiation action was calculated for the E. coli catabolite gene activator protein (CAP) DNA complex with (125)I located at the position of the H(5) atom of the cytosine near the center. The shape of the resulting DNA fragment si...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li WB,Friedland W,Jacob P,Panyutin IG,Paretzke HG

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Biodistribution of (137)Cs in a mouse model of chronic contamination by ingestion and effects on the hematopoietic system.

    abstract::The aim of this work was to define the possible occurrence of hematological changes during the course of a chronic ingestion of (137)Cs. A mouse model was used, with ingestion through drinking water with a cesium concentration of 20 kBq l(-1). Ingestion started in parent animals before mating, and (137)Cs intake and i...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bertho JM,Louiba S,Faure MC,Tourlonias E,Stefani J,Siffert B,Paquet F,Dublineau I

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of ionizing irradiation on the physiological activity of cyclic adenosine monophosphate on smooth muscle preparations.

    abstract::The effect of ionizing irradiation on the physiological activity of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) in smooth muscle preparations from frog lung was studied. cAMP, given as dibutyryl salt (dib-cAMP) inhibited the radiation induced contractions of the muscle in a manner similar to the action of theophylline. In v...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schachinger L,Michailov M,Owusa Daaku S,Prechter I,Klöter H,Schippel C

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Statistical methods in regression and calibration analysis of chromosome aberration data.

    abstract::The method of iteratively reweighted least squares for the regression analysis of Poisson distributed chromosome aberration data is reviewed in the context of other fit procedures used in the cytogenetic literature. As an application of the resulting regression curves methods for calculating confidence intervals on do...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merkle W

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Radiobiological data for clinical dosimetry in pion tumour therapy.

    abstract::Ehrlich ascites tumour cells were irradiated with negative pions at different positions in the plateau and the peak of the depth absorbed dose curve. Dose-survival curves for immediate testing of the viability of the cells are given and are compared with other types of radiations in use for therapy. From the data obta...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heyder IR,Pohlit W

    更新日期:1979-08-10 00:00:00

  • Potential survival of the lichen Caloplaca flavovirescens under high helium-beam doses.

    abstract::Testing the limits of survivability in space is the primary focus in astrobiological research. Although a number of previous studies have examined terrestrial life survival in an extraterrestrial environment, only a few have investigated how life systems respond to high doses of alpha cosmic ray, the main component of...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miki K,Kawashima S,Takahashi Y,Yonemura S

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of an increased level of serum iron in gamma-irradiated mice.

    abstract::The potential mechanisms underlying the increase in serum iron concentration in gamma-irradiated mice were studied. The gamma irradiation dose used was 4 Gy, and cobalt-60 ((60)Co) source was used for the irradiation. The dose rate was 0.25 Gy/min. In the serum of irradiated mice, the concentration of ferrous ions dec...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xie LH,Zhang XH,Hu XD,Min XY,Zhou QF,Zhang HQ

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • A Green's function method for heavy ion beam transport.

    abstract::The use of Green's function has played a fundamental role in transport calculations for high-charge high-energy (HZE) ions. Two recent developments have greatly advanced the practical aspects of implementation of these methods. The first was the formulation of a closed-form solution as a multiple fragmentation perturb...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shinn JL,Wilson JW,Schimmerling W,Shavers MR,Miller J,Benton EV,Frank AL,Badavi FF

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lifetime study in mice after acute low-dose ionizing radiation: a multifactorial study with special focus on cataract risk.

    abstract::Because of the increasing application of ionizing radiation in medicine, quantitative data on effects of low-dose radiation are needed to optimize radiation protection, particularly with respect to cataract development. Using mice as mammalian animal model, we applied a single dose of 0, 0.063, 0.125 and 0.5 Gy at 10 ...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalke C,Neff F,Bains SK,Bright S,Lord D,Reitmeir P,Rößler U,Samaga D,Unger K,Braselmann H,Wagner F,Greiter M,Gomolka M,Hornhardt S,Kunze S,Kempf SJ,Garrett L,Hölter SM,Wurst W,Rosemann M,Azimzadeh O,Tapio S,Au

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Lethal effects of high-voltage pulses on E. coli K12.

    abstract::The lethal effects of high-voltage capacitor-discharges in suspensions of E. coli K12 with varying electrolytes have been examined. A reduction of more than 99.9% of living cells, dependent on the applied voltage could be proved. The bactericidal action is assumed to be due to direct effects of high electric fields. E...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hülsheger H,Niemann EG

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Tissue slice cultures from humans or rodents: a new tool to evaluate biological effects of heavy ions.

    abstract::The aim of this interdisciplinary project is to establish slice culture preparations from rodents and humans as a new model system for studying effects of X-rays and heavy ions within normal and tumor tissues. The advantage of such slice cultures relies on the conservation of an organotypic environment, the easy treat...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merz F,Müller M,Taucher-Scholz G,Rödel F,Stöcker H,Schopow K,Laprell L,Dehghani F,Durante M,Bechmann I

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Alteration of mtDNA copy number, mitochondrial gene expression and extracellular DNA content in mice after irradiation at lethal dose.

    abstract::High steady-state transcriptional activity is essential for normal mitochondrial function. The requisite transcription rate is satisfied in part by high copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In the present study, we analyze mtDNA copy number by real-time PCR in nucleated blood cells from control mice and mice expo...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evdokimovsky EV,Ushakova TE,Kudriavtcev AA,Gaziev AI

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Radiation risks in perspective: radiation-induced cancer among cancer risks.

    abstract::The majority of the public in industrial countries believes that pollution and low doses of radiation are threats to good health. As a matter of fact, when these putative risks are compared to those originating from lifestyle, they appear very small. In particular, the risks associated with low doses of irradiation, e...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tubiana M

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic mechanisms of formation of radiation-induced instability of the genome and its transgenerational effects in the descendants of chronically irradiated individuals of Drosophila melanogaster.

    abstract::The article is devoted to the study of the role of intracellular mechanisms in the formation of radiation-induced genetic instability and its transgenerational effect in cells of different tissues of the descendants of Drosophila melanogaster mutant strains whose parents were exposed to chronic radiation (0.42 and 3.5...

    journal_title:Radiation and environmental biophysics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yushkova E

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00