Semantic priming in major depressive state.


:We studied semantic priming in 20 major depressive subjects. The methodology used was a visual lexical decision task. Semantic priming is the facilitation of target word recognition (shortening of response time) by the prior presentation of a semantically related context (a prime word). It relies on semantic processing of words and context, facilitating early cognitive stages of response. Varying the temporal interval between prime and target words onset allows us to distinguish between two priming mechanisms, relying on more automatic (test 1) or more controlled (i.e. attention dependent) (test 2) information processing. We observe a significant retardation for words and pseudo-words in depressives (in relation to controls) in both tests. In spite of a general retardation and increase of response times in depressives, semantic priming is evident in both groups and both tests, and does not differ significantly between depressive and control groups in either automatic or controlled conditions. Theses results confirm that semantic processing is not impaired in depression, and are discussed with regard to the hypothesis of an effortful processing impairment in depression, and to depressive retardation.


Psychiatry Res


Psychiatry research


Georgieff N,Dominey PF,Michel F,Marie-cardine M,Dalery J




Has Abstract


1998-03-20 00:00:00














  • Neuroendocrine responses to apomorphine in depressed patients and healthy control subjects.

    abstract::Increasing evidence implicates altered dopamine function in major affective illness. In the present study, growth hormone responses to the dopamine agonist apomorphine were not different for 14 male depressed patients and 16 healthy male volunteers. Baseline and post-apomorphine prolactin levels were lower for the dep...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jimerson DC,Cutler NR,Post RM,Rey A,Gold PW,Brown GM,Bunney WE Jr

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Neuropsychological performance in children with Tourette's syndrome.

    abstract::Neuropsychological performance was examined in a sample of 100 children between the ages of 6 and 18 years who met DSM-III-R criteria for Tourette's syndrome. Neuropsychological test scores were converted to age-corrected t scores based on published normative data. Ratings of Tourette's symptoms were also obtained. Th...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bornstein RA

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Associations of beta-endorphin with HVA and MHPG in the plasma of prepubertal boys: effects of familial drug abuse and antisocial personality disorder liability.

    abstract::It is well-established that the secretion of the opioid neuropeptide beta-endorphin is perturbed by the administration of various drugs of abuse. Several investigators have speculated that variations in beta-endorphin secretory regulation may precede the development of a substance use disorder, and thus be a component...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moss HB,Yao JK

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes, moderators, and mediators of empathic-emotion recognition training for complex conduct problems in childhood.

    abstract::Impairments in emotion recognition skills are a trans-diagnostic indicator of early mental health problems and may be responsive to intervention. We report on a randomized controlled trial of "Emotion-recognition-training" (ERT) versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) with N=195 mixed diagnostic children (mean age 10.52 years...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dadds MR,Cauchi AJ,Wimalaweera S,Hawes DJ,Brennan J

    更新日期:2012-10-30 00:00:00

  • Anxious-retarded depression: relation to family history of depression.

    abstract::Anxious-retarded depression is a two-dimensionally defined subcategory of depression based on high scores for both anxiety and retardation. The anxious-retarded subcategory is related to melancholia as defined by DSM-IV. Patients with this diagnosis exhibit elevated plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) and a high correla...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Winter RF,Zwinderman KH,Goekoop JG

    更新日期:2004-06-30 00:00:00

  • Fronto-limbic and autonomic disjunctions to negative emotion distinguish schizophrenia subtypes.

    abstract::Schizophrenia patients show a disconnection in amygdala-medial prefrontal cortex and autonomic arousal systems for processing fear. Concurrent functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI] and skin conductance recording were used to determine whether these disturbances are specific to fear, or present in response to ot...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams LM,Das P,Liddell BJ,Olivieri G,Peduto AS,David AS,Gordon E,Harris AW

    更新日期:2007-05-15 00:00:00

  • Computer-aided neurocognitive remediation as an enhancing strategy for schizophrenia rehabilitation.

    abstract::Cognitive dysfunction is a chronically disabling feature of schizophrenia, associated with limits in obtaining rehabilitation improvements. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of intensive computer-aided cognitive remediation treatment (CRT) added to a standard rehabilitation treatment (SRT), in e...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Cavallaro R,Anselmetti S,Poletti S,Bechi M,Ermoli E,Cocchi F,Stratta P,Vita A,Rossi A,Smeraldi E

    更新日期:2009-10-30 00:00:00

  • Set-shifting abilities, mood and loss of control over eating in binge eating disorder: An experimental study.

    abstract::Executive functions play an important role in problem-solving and self-control. Set-shifting is an aspect of executive functioning and represents cognitive flexibility. The inability to control eating in Binge Eating Disorder (BED) may imply deficits in set-shifting which could be exacerbated by negative mood and depr...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Dingemans AE,Visser H,Paul L,van Furth EF

    更新日期:2015-12-15 00:00:00

  • Pregnancy, delivery and postpartum in women with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in Finland: a national register-based comparative study.

    abstract::As part of anational Finnish study on reproductive health of women with severe mental disorders, we compared pregnancy- and delivery-, and postpartum-related outcomes between women with schizophrenia (n = 3444) and those with schizoaffective disorder (n = 985), focusing on their singleton pregnancies after illness ons...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simoila L,Isometsä E,Gissler M,Suvisaari J,Sailas E,Halmesmäki E,Lindberg N

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Decreased cardiac MIBG uptake, its correlation with clinical symptoms in dementia with Lewy bodies.

    abstract::Recent studies have demonstrated the usefulness of 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy for the diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). In this study, we investigated the relationship between decreased cardiac MIBG uptake and clinical symptoms in DLB. Thirty-six patients with probable DLB...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kobayashi S,Tateno M,Morii H,Utsumi K,Saito T

    更新日期:2009-10-30 00:00:00

  • University students' changes in mental health status and determinants of behavior during the COVID-19 lockdown in Greece.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The aim of the study was to investigate mental health in university students in Greece, during lockdown due to COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The data were collected online and anonymously, during lockdown; they included 1104 females (aged 22.08±4,96) and 431 males (aged 22.35±3.11). The analysis included...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patsali ME,Mousa DV,Papadopoulou EVK,Papadopoulou KKK,Kaparounaki CK,Diakogiannis I,Fountoulakis KN

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences of suicides in children and adolescents: Analysis of 167 suicides in a Mexican population from 2003 to 2013.

    abstract::Suicide is the second cause of death in youth population. The aim of the present study was to analyze demographic characteristics and suicide methods used, as well as to identify gender differences among Mexican children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) that committed suicide. Between January 2003 and December 2013,...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aguilar-Velázquez DG,González-Castro TB,Tovilla-Zárate CA,Juárez-Rojop IE,López-Narváez ML,Frésan A,Hernández-Díaz Y,Guzmán-Priego CG

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Lowered omega3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in serum phospholipids and cholesteryl esters of depressed patients.

    abstract::Depression is associated with a lowered degree of esterification of serum cholesterol, an increased C20:4omega6/C20:5omega3 ratio and decreases in omega3 fractions in fatty acids (FAs) or in the red blood cell membrane. The aims of the present study were to examine: (i) serum phospholipid and cholesteryl ester composi...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Maes M,Christophe A,Delanghe J,Altamura C,Neels H,Meltzer HY

    更新日期:1999-03-22 00:00:00

  • Effects of season on electro-oculographic ratio in winter seasonal affective disorder.

    abstract::Low electro-oculographic (EOG) ratios have been reported in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) during the winter. This study evaluated the effects of the changing seasons on EOG ratios in SAD patients. Sixteen outpatients with SAD and 16 age-, sex-, and medication-matched normal volunteers had EOG testing...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozaki N,Rosenthal NE,Myers F,Schwartz PJ,Oren DA

    更新日期:1995-11-29 00:00:00

  • Nonsuicidal self-injury disorder: Does Criterion B add diagnostic utility?

    abstract::The current paper evaluates Criterion B for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Disorder, which states that non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) must occur for at least one function. The majority of individuals who engage in NSSI report at least one function, so it is unclear if Criterion B provides diagnostic utility in individuals ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brausch AM,Muehlenkamp JJ,Washburn JJ

    更新日期:2016-10-30 00:00:00

  • Attentional abilities and measures of schizotypy: their variation and covariation in schizophrenic patients, their siblings, and normal control subjects.

    abstract::Thirty-five schizophrenic patients in the early stages of illness, 26 of their healthy siblings, and 35 normal control subjects performed the Continuous Performance Test, Identical Pairs version (CPT-IP). Both schizophrenic patients and their siblings were significantly impaired in their attentional performance compar...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franke P,Maier W,Hardt J,Hain C,Cornblatt BA

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Intelligence as a predictor of outcome in short- and long-term psychotherapy.

    abstract::Intelligence has been suggested as a suitability factor for short-term therapy whereas its possible effect on short-term versus long-term therapy still is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the prediction of intelligence on the level of psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial functioning in psychotherapies of...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Knekt P,Saari T,Lindfors O

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00

  • CSF 5-HIAA, testosterone, and sociosexual behaviors in free-ranging male rhesus macaques in the mating season.

    abstract::This study examines sexual behavior, serotonin turnover in the central nervous system, and testosterone in free-ranging non-human primates. Study subjects were 33 young adult male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) living in naturalistic social groups on a 475-acre South Carolina barrier island. Blood and cerebrospinal ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mehlman PT,Higley JD,Fernald BJ,Sallee FR,Suomi SJ,Linnoila M

    更新日期:1997-09-19 00:00:00

  • Lifetime medical and psychiatric comorbidity of night eating behavior in the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment (STAGE).

    abstract::The medical and psychosocial comorbidity of two core features of night eating syndrome (NES), evening hyperphagia (EH) and nocturnal awakening and ingestion of food (NI), was evaluated in adults enrolled in the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment (STAGE) study. As part of the STAGE study, more than 20,...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lundgren JD,Allison KC,Stunkard AJ,Bulik CM,Thornton LM,Karin Lindroos A,Rasmussen F

    更新日期:2012-09-30 00:00:00

  • Social anxiety and obsessive-compulsive spectra: validation of the SHY-SR and the OBS-SR among the Spanish population.

    abstract::The study focuses on the adaptation into Spanish and on the validation of the Social Phobia Spectrum Self-Report (SHY-SR) and the Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Self-Report (OBS-SR). The questionnaires were designed to measure a broad range of subtle and atypical features related to social anxiety and obsessive-compuls...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berrocal C,Ruiz Moreno MA,Montero M,Rando MA,Rucci P,Cassano GB

    更新日期:2006-06-15 00:00:00

  • Plasma dopamine beta-hydroxylase activity in psychotic and non-psychotic post-traumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::Recognition and treatment of comorbid chronic psychotic symptoms in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become of increasing clinical interest. Altered dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) activity has been reported in mood disorders. Plasma DBH is reduced in major depression with psychosis and elevated in bipolar di...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamner MB,Gold PB

    更新日期:1998-02-27 00:00:00

  • Data on schizotypy and affective scales are gender and education dependent--study in the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort.

    abstract::We present psychometric properties and normative data by gender and educational level in scales related to schizotypy and affective disorders in a large population-based adult sample. As part of the 31-year follow-up survey of the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort; Bipolar II scale (BIP2), Hypomanic Personality Scale...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miettunen J,Veijola J,Freimer N,Lichtermann D,Peltonen L,Paunio T,Isohanni M,Joukamaa M,Ekelund J

    更新日期:2010-07-30 00:00:00

  • Suicide attempt by jumping: a study of gonadal axis hormones in male suicide attempters versus men who fell by accident.

    abstract::Low plasma total testosterone (T) levels may influence the sense of well-being and produce depressive symptomatology, increasing the risk of suicide. In a previous study, we reported reduced serum T levels in male psychiatric patients after a suicide attempt. The reduction was more pronounced in subjects who used viol...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Markianos M,Tripodianakis J,Istikoglou C,Rouvali O,Christopoulos M,Papageorgopoulos P,Seretis A

    更新日期:2009-11-30 00:00:00

  • A variable number of tandem repeats in the serotonin transporter gene does not affect the antidepressant response to fluvoxamine.

    abstract::A variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) in the second intron of the serotonin transporter gene (STin2) has been studied in association with the susceptibility to affective disorders. Recently, it was reported that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were more effective in patients with major depressive disorder...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ito K,Yoshida K,Sato K,Takahashi H,Kamata M,Higuchi H,Shimizu T,Itoh K,Inoue K,Tezuka T,Suzuki T,Ohkubo T,Sugawara K,Otani K

    更新日期:2002-08-30 00:00:00

  • Stroop performance in pathological gamblers.

    abstract::Pathological gambling is a relatively prevalent psychiatric disorder that typically leads to severe family, social, legal, and occupational problems and is associated with a high rate of suicide attempts. Understanding the neurobiological basis of pathological gambling is a current focus of research, and emerging data...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kertzman S,Lowengrub K,Aizer A,Nahum ZB,Kotler M,Dannon PN

    更新日期:2006-05-30 00:00:00

  • Impact of childhood exposure to psychological trauma on the risk of psychiatric disorders and somatic discomfort: single vs. multiple types of psychological trauma.

    abstract::We examined whether childhood exposure to multiple types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) relative to a single type of PTE is associated with a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders and greater somatic discomfort in Korean adults. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1 (K-CIDI 2.1) was adminis...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park S,Hong JP,Bae JN,Cho SJ,Lee DW,Lee JY,Chang SM,Jeon HJ,Hahm BJ,Lee YM,Seong S,Cho MJ

    更新日期:2014-11-30 00:00:00

  • Perceived coercion in voluntary hospital admission.

    abstract::The legal status of service users admitted to psychiatric wards is not synonymous with the level of coercion that they can perceive during the admission. This study aimed to identify and describe the proportion of individuals who were admitted voluntarily but experienced levels of perceived coercion comparable to thos...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Donoghue B,Roche E,Shannon S,Lyne J,Madigan K,Feeney L

    更新日期:2014-01-30 00:00:00

  • Binging at the campus: Motivations and impulsivity influence binge drinking profiles in university students.

    abstract::This study explored the involvement of two key psychological factors, drinking motives and impulsivity traits, in binge drinking. On the basis of a large screening phase (N=4424), 867 binge drinkers were selected and were first compared with 924 non-binge drinkers. Then, a cluster analysis was performed, focusing on t...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lannoy S,Billieux J,Poncin M,Maurage P

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Is suicide risk a predictor of diagnosis conversion to bipolar disorder?

    abstract::To assess predictors of the diagnosis of bipolar disorder is important since it is known that the early diagnosis is associated with a better response to the treatment. Thus, the aim of this systematic review is to assess the role of the suicide risk in the diagnosis conversion to bipolar disorder. We searched Pubmed,...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cardoso TA,Mondin TC,Azevedo LB,Toralles LMD,de Mattos Souza LD

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Facial emotion recognition in Chinese with schizophrenia at early and chronic stages of illness.

    abstract::Deficits in facial emotion recognition have been recognised in Chinese patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. This study examined the relationship between chronicity of illness and performance of facial emotion recognition in Chinese with schizophrenia. There were altogether four groups of subjects matched for age and...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leung JS,Lee TM,Lee CC

    更新日期:2011-12-30 00:00:00