Reversibility of stunting: epidemiological findings in children from developing countries.


:The growth literature from developing countries is reviewed to assess the extent to which stunting, a phenomenon of early childhood, can be reversed in later childhood and adolescence. The potential for catch-up growth increases as maturation is delayed and the growth period is prolonged. However, maturational delays in developing countries are usually less than two years, only enough to compensate for a small fraction of the growth retardation of early childhood. Follow-up studies find that subjects who remain in the setting in which they became stunted experience little or no catch-up in growth later in life. Improvements in living conditions, as through food supplementation or through adoption, trigger catch-up growth but do so more effectively in the very young. One study cautions that in older adopted subjects, accelerated growth may accelerate maturation, shorten the growth period and lead to short adult stature.


Eur J Clin Nutr


Martorell R,Khan LK,Schroeder DG


Has Abstract


1994-02-01 00:00:00








48 Suppl 1


  • Estimation of intake and status of vitamin A, vitamin E and folate in older European adults: the ZENITH.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To report selected dietary intake and vitamin status at baseline of volunteers participating in the ZENITH study and the correlation of vitamin status with zinc. DESIGN:A multicentre prospective intervention study employing a randomised double-blind design. SETTING:Clermont-Ferrand, Theix (France), Colerain...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Polito A,Intorre F,Andriollo-Sanchez M,Azzini E,Raguzzini A,Meunier N,Ducros V,O'Connor JM,Coudray C,Roussel AM,Maiani G

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective and objective indices of the satiating effect of foods. Can people predict how filling a food will be?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:These two studies compared the subjective assessment of how filling a snack type would be, with actual consumption of that type of snack at a snack meal. DESIGN:Four snack types: savory high-fat, savory high-carbohydrate, sweet high-carbohydrate, each comprising of five food items, were used. Study 1 consist...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green SM,Blundell JE

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of meals with high soluble fibre, high amylose barley variant on glucose, insulin, satiety and thermic effect of food in healthy lean women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of barley flour (barley cultivar, Hordeum Vulgare var Himalaya 292) incorporated into breakfast and lunch compared with otherwise identical meals containing white wheat flour on the thermic effect of food (TEF), subsequent food intake and metabolic parameters. DESIGN:Randomized single b...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Keogh JB,Lau CW,Noakes M,Bowen J,Clifton PM

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Familial clustering of vitamin D deficiency via shared environment: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2012.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Familial correlation of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration (25(OH)D) was reported in twin- or parent-offspring studies. However, data on relative contribution of environmental factors on familial clustering of 25(OH)D in extended families are limited. SUBJECTS/METHODS:We performed cross-sect...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hong N,Lee YK,Rhee Y

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for body composition estimation in Chinese women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a valid method for body composition assessment of obese and non-obese subjects. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS:Chinese women living in Hong Kong; 66 of 91 subjects had body mass index (BMI) of >25 kg/m2. MEASUREMENTS:Anthropometrics, in...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: He M,Li ET,Kung AW

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of body composition assessment using A-mode ultrasound in a heterogeneous sample.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Several studies have addressed the validity of ultrasound (US) for body composition assessment, but few have evaluated its reliability. This study aimed to determine the reliability of percent body fat (%BF) estimates using A-mode US in a heterogeneous sample. SUBJECTS/METHODS:A group of 144 heal...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miclos-Balica M,Muntean P,Schick F,Haragus HG,Glisici B,Pupazan V,Neagu A,Neagu M

    更新日期:2020-09-11 00:00:00

  • Iron deficiency in older people: interactions between food and nutrient intakes with biochemical measures of iron; further analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey of people aged 65 years and over.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To quantitatively investigate relationships between food consumption, nutrient intake and biochemical markers of iron status in a population of older people. DESIGN:National Diet and Nutrition Survey: cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative population of men and women aged 65 y and over. SETTI...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doyle W,Crawley H,Robert H,Bates CJ

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of chronic dietary protein intake on the renal function in healthy subjects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Relatively little is known about the influence of chronic oral protein intake on the kidney function. In most studies only the effect of a short-term change in protein intake [6-28 days] or the effect of an acute protein load on the glomerular filtration rate was studied. The purpose of this study was to inve...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brändle E,Sieberth HG,Hautmann RE

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Ability of physical activity measurements to assess health-related risks.

    abstract::The aim of this study is to evaluate if two different physical activity (PA) questionnaires have similar ability to rank individuals, and to examine associations with cardiovascular-metabolic risk factors, compared to an objective measure. In a random sample (n=369, age: 65+/-6 years) from the population-based 'Malmö ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li C,Aronsson CA,Hedblad B,Gullberg B,Wirfält E,Berglund G

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary guidance normalizes large intestinal endocrine cell densities in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To determine the large intestinal endocrine cell types affected following dietary guidance in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). SUBJECTS/METHODS:The study included 13 IBS patients and 13 control subjects. The patients received three sessions of individualized dietary guidance. Both th...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mazzawi T,Hausken T,Gundersen D,El-Salhy M

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Beverage consumption in Australian children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:While beverages are an important dietary source of water and some essential nutrients, consumption of sweet beverages has increasingly been linked to adverse health outcomes. Currently there is a paucity of longitudinal consumption data on beverage consumption in Australian children. SUBJECTS/MET...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cockburn N,Lalloo R,Schubert L,Ford PJ

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Eating styles, overweight and obesity in young adult twins.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the association of eating styles with overweight and obesity in young adults, controlling for identical genetic background in monozygotic twins. DESIGN:Prospective twin cohort study. SETTING:Finland, 1991-2002. SUBJECTS:Two-hundred and thirty-three women and 2060 men from the FinnTwin16 study, a...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keski-Rahkonen A,Bulik CM,Pietiläinen KH,Rose RJ,Kaprio J,Rissanen A

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Fortification, supplementation, and nutrient balance.

    abstract::Efforts to combat nutrient deficiencies have centered on supplemental nutrient administration and addition of selected nutrients to the food chain in the form of food fortification. Over the past several decades, and as the association between diet and chronic diseases became apparent, supplementation and fortificatio...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Caballero B

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Attained height of lacto-ovo vegetarian children and adolescents.

    abstract::The relationship between diet and attained height was studied in children and adolescents in Southern California. Diet pattern was determined from an extensive food frequency questionnaire in 1765 Caucasian children of 7-18 years, attending state schools (452 m and 443 f) and Seventh-day Adventist schools (427 m and 4...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sabaté J,Lindsted KD,Harris RD,Sanchez A

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting and Implementing the Mediterranean Diet in the Southern Hemisphere: the Chilean Experience.

    abstract::Increasing scientific evidence shows that the Mediterranean lifestyle -including a characteristic dietary pattern as well as psychosocial and cultural features- has beneficial effects on human health. However, production and use of some of the distinctive components (e.g., olive oil, red wine, nuts, legumes, fish and ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Echeverría G,Dussaillant C,McGee EE,Mena C,Nitsche MP,Urquiaga I,Bitran M,Pedrals N,Rigotti A

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D, APOE ɛ4 genotype and cognitive function: findings from the 1958 British birth cohort.

    abstract::Both high and low vitamin D statuses have been associated with lower memory function. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4 alleles have been associated with reduced memory function, and separately with higher vitamin D concentrations. This report aims to examine if the presence of APOE ɛ4 alleles contributes to the relationship...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maddock J,Cavadino A,Power C,Hyppönen E

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Stability of the Framingham Nutritional Risk Score and its component nutrients over 8 years: the Framingham Nutrition Studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Diet quality indices are increasingly used in nutrition epidemiology as dietary exposures in relation to health outcomes. However, literature on the long-term stability of these indices is limited. We aimed to assess the stability of the validated Framingham Nutritional Risk Score (FNRS) and its c...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kimokoti RW,Newby PK,Gona P,Zhu L,Campbell WR,D'Agostino RB,Millen BE

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Risk associations of obesity with sugar-sweetened beverages and lifestyle factors in Chinese: the 'Better Health for Better Hong Kong' health promotion campaign.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increases risk of obesity. Similar data are lacking in Chinese populations with rapid nutritional transition. We aimed to examine the association between SSB intake, lifestyle factors and obesity in Hong Kong Chinese. SUBJECTS/METHODS:This...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ko GT,So WY,Chow CC,Wong PT,Tong SD,Hui SS,Kwok R,Chan A,Chan CL,Chan JC,BHBHK Research Committee.

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Enhancing immunity by dietary consumption of a probiotic lactic acid bacterium (Bifidobacterium lactis HN019): optimization and definition of cellular immune responses.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To define the cellular basis for immune enhancement by a probiotic lactic acid bacteria strain (Bifidobacterium lactis HN019); and to determine whether immune enhancement can be optimized by delivery in oligosaccharide-enriched low-fat milk. DESIGN:A double-blind, three-stage before-and-after intervention tr...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chiang BL,Sheih YH,Wang LH,Liao CK,Gill HS

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of regular fish consumption in French elderly community dwellers: data from the Three-City study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Several studies have found an inverse association between fish consumption and risk of dementia. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of older fish consumers, in order to identify potential confounders in this relationship. DESIGN:Cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data of a ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Barberger-Gateau P,Jutand MA,Letenneur L,Larrieu S,Tavernier B,Berr C,3C Study Group.

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Anthropometric reference data for elderly Swedes and its disease-related pattern.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Anthropometric measurement is a noninvasive and cost-efficient method for nutritional assessment. The study aims to present age- and gender-specific anthropometric reference data for Swedish elderly in relation to common medical conditions, and also formulate prediction equations for such anthropo...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gavriilidou NN,Pihlsgård M,Elmståhl S

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Total daily energy expenditure and pattern of physical activity measured by minute-by-minute heart rate monitoring in 14-15 year old Swedish adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and patterns of physical activity among Swedish male and female adolescents and to relate the amount and intensity of physical activity to existing recommendations (energy expenditure equal to or above 12.4 kJ/kg/day or accumulation of 30 min/day in moderate phy...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ekelund U,Sjöström M,Yngve A,Nilsson A

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Weight and height growth of malnourished school-age children during re-feeding. Three historic studies published shortly after World War I.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In view of the ongoing debate on "chronic malnutrition" and the concept of "stunting" as "a better measure than underweight of the cumulative effects of undernutrition and infection (WHO)", we translate, briefly comment and re-publish three seminal historic papers on catch-up growth following re-feeding afte...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hermanussen M,Bilogub M,Lindl AC,Harper D,Mansukoski L,Scheffler C

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Fat intake and asthma in Spanish schoolchildren.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To study the relationship between lipid, fatty acid and lipid-rich food intake and current asthma in a group of Spanish schoolchildren. SUBJECTS/METHODS:The subjects of this cross-sectional study were 638 Spanish schoolchildren (8-13 years of age). The weight and height of all the subjects were recorded. A ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodríguez-Rodríguez E,Perea JM,Jiménez AI,Rodríguez-Rodríguez P,López-Sobaler AM,Ortega RM

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Intense sweeteners and energy density of foods: implications for weight control.

    abstract::Energy density of foods, as opposed to their sugar or fat content, is said to be a key determinant of energy intakes. Recent laboratory studies have shown that, under ad lib conditions, subjects consume a constant weight or volume of food, so that their energy intakes depend on the energy density of the diet. Because ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Drewnowski A

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • School food policy at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders: does it influence young people's food habits?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the availability of food items at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders and to examine the influence of school food policy (availability of food items, school food rules, nutrition education programmes) and aggregated school socioeconomical status (AGG SES) on the consumption of fruit,...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vereecken CA,Bobelijn K,Maes L

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of acute fluid consumption on measures of impedance and percent body fat using leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of acute fluid consumption on measures of impedance and percent body fat (%BF) using a common leg-to-leg bioelectrical impedance analyzer system. DESIGN:Cross-sectional design with treatment order determined using a counterbalanced assignment. SETTING:University laboratory. SUBJECTS:I...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dixon CB,LoVallo SJ,Andreacci JL,Goss FL

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive and affective factors linking mothers' perceived weight history to child feeding.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To explore whether mothers' lifetime experiences with their own weight status and related cognitive and affective factors influence child feeding behavior. SUBJECTS/METHODS:Overweight mothers (N = 221) of 4-5 year olds recalled their weight at four time points, and were grouped into weight histor...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouhlal S,Abrams LR,McBride CM,Persky S

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary intake and faecal excretion of carbohydrate by Australians: importance of achieving stool weights greater than 150 g to improve faecal markers relevant to colon cancer risk.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study investigated, on 53 Australians consuming a typical Western diet, the relationship between dietary intake, faecal excretion of carbohydrate and changes in faecal markers believed to be relevant to colon cancer risk, for example faecal output, transit time and concentrations of phenols, ammonia and...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Birkett AM,Jones GP,de Silva AM,Young GP,Muir JG

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary and serum alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and retinol, and risk for colorectal cancer in male smokers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the association between dietary and serum antioxidant vitamins and carotenoids and risk for colorectal cancer in male smokers. DESIGN:A prospective cohort study within a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial testing supplementation with alpha-tocopherol (50 mg/day), beta-carotene (20 mg...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Malila N,Virtamo J,Virtanen M,Pietinen P,Albanes D,Teppo L

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00