A prospective study of weight gain during the college freshman and sophomore years.


OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence of weight gain among male and female college freshmen. METHODS:Study 1 examined weight change over freshman and sophomore years among 904 students attending a state university in Indiana, from 2002-2004. Study 2 examined weight and BMI change over the freshman year among 382 students attending a private university in Rhode Island, from 2004-2006. RESULTS:77% of Study 1 participants and 70% of Study 2 participants gained weight during their freshman year, largely during the first semester. In Study 1, weight gain averaged 3.5 kg in females and males; in Study 2, weight gain averaged 1.6 kg for females and 2.5 kg for males. Students continued to gain weight their sophomore year, with females 4.2 kg and males 4.3 kg heavier than at start of college. Overweight/obesity rates increased from baseline to end of freshman year for Study 1 (21.6% to 36%) and Study 2 participants (14.7% to 17.8%). CONCLUSION:The first years of college may be a critical developmental window for establishing weight gain prevention efforts.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Lloyd-Richardson EE,Bailey S,Fava JL,Wing R,Tobacco Etiology Research Network (TERN).




Has Abstract


2009-03-01 00:00:00














  • A review of the literature on contingency management in the treatment of substance use disorders, 2009-2014.

    abstract::This report describes a systematic literature review of voucher and related monetary-based contingency management (CM) interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs) over 5.2years (November 2009 through December 2014). Reports were identified using the search engine PubMed, expert consultations, and published biblio...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davis DR,Kurti AN,Skelly JM,Redner R,White TJ,Higgins ST

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental and cognitive correlates of adolescent breakfast consumption.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to identify cognitive and environmental correlates of daily adolescent breakfast consumption. METHODS:Adolescents (n=1089) aged 12-15 years in schools in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, completed a questionnaire measuring daily breakfast consumption, individual cognitions, and home environmental...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: DeJong CS,van Lenthe FJ,van der Horst K,Oenema A

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Travel to, and use of, twenty-one Michigan trails.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE AND METHODS:This study examined trail use among 857 trail users on 21 trails in Michigan from 2008 to 2011 using a valid and reliable intercept survey. RESULTS:Most of the 857 participants traveled to the trail from their home (92.6%), lived within 15 min of the trails (74.8%), and used active transport to t...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Price AE,Reed JA,Grost L,Harvey C,Mantinan K

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal and cross-sectional changes in active commuting to school among Brazilian schoolchildren.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of the study is to evaluate cross-sectional and longitudinal changes in children's commuting to school in a representative sample of a Brazilian city. METHODS:Two school-based studies were carried out in 2002 (n=2936; 7-10 years old) and 2007 (n=1232; 7-15 years old) in Florianopolis, Brazil. C...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Costa FF,Silva KS,Schmoelz CP,Campos VC,de Assis MA

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • The ergothioneine transporter controls and indicates ergothioneine activity--a review.

    abstract::Ergothioneine (ET) is a natural compound which humans and other vertebrates cannot synthesize themselves; it must be absorbed from food in which it is distributed very unevenly. In general, ET is considered an intracellular antioxidant. However, the precise physiological purpose of ET and the consequences of ET defici...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gründemann D

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • A lifestyle program of exercise and weight loss is effective in preventing and treating type 2 diabetes mellitus: Why are programs not more available?

    abstract::There is substantial evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can be prevented in high-risk individuals by a lifestyle program of regular exercise and weight reduction. Additionally, there is emerging evidence that new onset T2DM (<1year) can go into remission after weight loss and exercise in a majority of motiv...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ades PA

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Cervical cancer screening in women vaccinated against human papillomavirus infection: Recommendations from a consensus conference.

    abstract::In Italy, the cohorts of women who were offered Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in 2007/08 will reach the age (25years) for cervical cancer (CC) screening from 2017. The simultaneous shift from cytology-based screening to HPV test-based screening gives the opportunity for unprecedented reorganisation of CC prev...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giorgi Rossi P,Carozzi F,Federici A,Ronco G,Zappa M,Franceschi S,Italian Screening in HPV vaccinated girls Consensus Conference group.

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol consumption and blood pressure: analysis of data from the Canada Health Survey.

    abstract::Recent epidemiologic studies report a significant association between alcohol consumption and elevations in both systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressures. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a multivariate analysis of physical examination and other data on 721 men and 697 women aged 20 or more collected du...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coates RA,Corey PN,Ashley MJ,Steele CA

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of t-PA and u-PA levels in maximal treadmill and deep-water running.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The differences of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) between maximal treadmill and deep-water running have not been reported. The purpose of this investigation was to compare u-PA and t-PA levels during maximal treadmill and deep-water running. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ohkuwa T,Itoh H,Yamamoto T,Yamazaki Y

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • The burden of cancer attributable to modifiable risk factors in Canada: Methods overview.

    abstract::Up-to-date estimates of current and projected future cancer burden attributable to various exposures are essential for planning and implementing cancer prevention initiatives. The Canadian Population Attributable Risk of Cancer (ComPARe) study was conducted to: i) estimate the number and proportion of cancers diagnose...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brenner DR,Friedenreich CM,Ruan Y,Poirier AE,Walter SD,King WD,Franco EL,Demers PA,Villeneuve PJ,Grevers X,Nuttall R,Smith LM,Volesky KD,O'Sullivan DE,De P,ComPARe Study Team.

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Action Schools! BC: a school-based physical activity intervention designed to decrease cardiovascular disease risk factors in children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our primary objective was to determine whether a novel 'active school' model--Action Schools! BC--improved the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile in elementary-school children. Our secondary objective was to determine the percentage of children with elevated CVD risk factors. METHODS:We undertook a cl...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Reed KE,Warburton DE,Macdonald HM,Naylor PJ,McKay HA

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Association between television viewing time and risk of incident stroke in a general population: Results from the REGARDS study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between TV/video viewing, as a measure of sedentary behavior, and risk of incident stroke in a large prospective cohort of men and women. METHODS:This analysis involved 22,257 participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Str...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonnell MN,Hillier SL,Judd SE,Yuan Y,Hooker SP,Howard VJ

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with physical activity in children attending family child care homes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the relationship between family child care home (FCCH) practices and characteristics, and objectively measured physical activity (PA) among children attending FCCHs. METHODS:FCCH practices and characteristics were assessed in 45 FCCHs in Oregon (USA) in 2010-2011 using the Nutrition and Physical...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunter KB,Rice KR,Ward DS,Trost SG

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Health-promoting behaviors among adults with type 2 diabetes: findings from the Health and Retirement Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Type 2 diabetes has an enormous impact on the health care system and individuals. Dietary habits, exercise, weight management, and smoking status are critical to management and prevention of complications. This study describes the prevalence of these behaviors and their change over time in a national sample ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nothwehr F,Stump T

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of two types of sms-texts on the uptake of screening mammogram: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the effect of two different types of short text message service (SMS-text) reminders on the uptake of screening mammogram. METHODS:A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2010 among females aged between 40 and 75, benefiting from the Health Insurance Plan at the American University of Beiru...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lakkis NA,Atfeh AM,El-Zein YR,Mahmassani DM,Hamadeh GN

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of cigarette and smokeless tobacco use among children and adolescents.

    abstract::Although cigarette and smokeless tobacco use are recognized as major problems among school-age youth, few nationwide or statewide data exist on the prevalence and patterns of use. To determine the patterns of tobacco use among children and adolescents in Missouri, self-report information was obtained from a representa...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brownson RC,DiLorenzo TM,Van Tuinen M,Finger WW

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Precision and accuracy of an ankle-worn accelerometer-based pedometer in step counting and energy expenditure.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Walking is a widely used approach to increase physical activity levels in obese patients. In this paper, we investigate the precision and accuracy of an ankle-worn dual-axis accelerometer (Stepwatch) and investigate its potential application as a predictor of energy expenditure. METHODS:Twenty healthy subje...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foster RC,Lanningham-Foster LM,Manohar C,McCrady SK,Nysse LJ,Kaufman KR,Padgett DJ,Levine JA

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of three policy approaches for tobacco retailer reduction.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Institute of Medicine recommends that public health agencies restrict the number and regulate the location of tobacco retailers as a means of reducing tobacco use. However, the best policy strategy for tobacco retailer reduction is unknown. PURPOSE:The purpose of this study is to test the percent reduct...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Myers AE,Hall MG,Isgett LF,Ribisl KM

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of needle exchange programs on injection risk behaviors and infection with hepatitis C virus among young injection drug users in select cities in the United States, 1994-2004.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Our purpose was to assess whether participation in needle exchange programs (NEPs) influenced incident hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection through effects on injection risk behaviors among young injection drug users (IDUs) in the United States. METHODS:Data were drawn from three multi-site studies carried out ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Holtzman D,Barry V,Ouellet LJ,Des Jarlais DC,Vlahov D,Golub ET,Hudson SM,Garfein RS

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Predicting opioid misuse at the population level is different from identifying opioid misuse in individual patients.

    abstract::Tumin and Bhalla mentioned challenges associated with the use of population-based survey and machine learning (ML) results on adolescent opioid misuse to clinical settings. In a clinical setting, medical providers do know patient's identity. So, it is not surprising that drug misuse is rarely identified through patien...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 评论,信件


    authors: Seo DC,Han DH,Lee S

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Personal goals and changes in life-space mobility among older people.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Life-space mobility - the spatial extent of mobility in daily life - is associated with quality of life and physical functioning but may also be influenced by future orientation expressed in personal goals. The aim of this study was to explore how different personal goals predict changes in older people's lif...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saajanaho M,Rantakokko M,Portegijs E,Törmäkangas T,Eronen J,Tsai LT,Jylhä M,Rantanen T

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling on Exercise plus nutrition (PACE+) is an intervention based in primary care settings to help patients change physical activity and dietary behaviors. METHODS:One hundred seventy-three adults were assessed before and after a 4-month intervention. All patients comple...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Calfas KJ,Sallis JF,Zabinski MF,Wilfley DE,Rupp J,Prochaska JJ,Thompson S,Pratt M,Patrick K

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Burden of invasive cervical cancer in North Carolina.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Cervical cancer causes over 4000 deaths yearly in the United States, although highly preventable through vaccination, screening, and early treatment. We aimed to determine demographic correlates for cervical cancer in North Carolina to identify target populations for interventions and to create a framework fo...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denslow SA,Knop G,Klaus C,Brewer NT,Rao C,Smith JS

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • No interaction of body mass index and smoking on diabetes mellitus risk in elderly women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We sought to assess the interaction of smoking and body mass index (BMI) on diabetes risk. METHODS:We analyzed data from a community-based prospective cohort of 41,836 women from Iowa who completed a baseline survey in 1986 and five subsequent surveys through 2004. The final analysis included 36,839 particip...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cullen MW,Ebbert JO,Vierkant RA,Wang AH,Cerhan JR

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does the fat-but-fit paradigm hold true for all-cause mortality when considering the duration of overweight/obesity? Analyzing the WATCH (Weight, Activity and Time Contributes to Health) paradigm.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Physical activity has been shown to attenuate the association between overweight/obesity and mortality. Much less is known, however, on how the duration of overweight/obesity potentially alters this association, which was the purpose of this study. METHODS:The 1999-2006 NHANES was used and 11,057 adults (ag...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dankel SJ,Loenneke JP,Loprinzi PD

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • An assessment of factors related to tumor thickness and delay in diagnosis of melanoma in southern Italy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Since survival of patients with melanoma is strongly correlated with the Breslow tumor thickness of the primary lesion, factors that influence stage at diagnosis and delay in diagnosis are considered to be crucial. To test the relationship between tumor thickness and some social and clinical variables (inclu...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Montella M,Crispo A,Grimaldi M,De Marco MR,Ascierto PA,Parasole R,Melucci MT,Silvestro P,Fabbrocini G

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence and detection of substance use disorders among inpatients ages 18 to 49: an opportunity for prevention.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have found that substance use disorders are prevalent among inpatients of general medical hospitals. These studies were limited in the validity of their measures, their failure to distinguish between current and lifetime disorders, or their lack of attention to drugs other than alcohol. MET...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown RL,Leonard T,Saunders LA,Papasouliotis O

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral lifestyle and mental health status of Japanese factory workers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lifestyle factors, sometimes associated with physical health and mortality, have also been known to be associated with mental health status. This study seeks to correlate behavioral lifestyles with major components of mental health among Japanese factory workers. METHOD:We administered the 28-item version o...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ezoe S,Morimoto K

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increased risk of death immediately after losing a spouse: Cause-specific mortality following widowhood in Norway.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This paper examines the short-term risk of cause-specific death following widowhood. METHOD:We followed all individuals registered as married in Norway in 1975 for marital status and mortality until 2006. Widowed individuals were followed for mortality for 7years following widowhood. Causes of death were cat...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brenn T,Ytterstad E

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • The meta-volition model: organizational leadership is the key ingredient in getting society moving, literally!

    abstract::This paper argues that substantive and sustainable population-wide improvements in physical activity can be achieved only through the large scale adoption and implementation of policies and practices that make being active the default choice and remaining inactive difficult. Meta-volition refers to the volition and co...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yancey AK

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00