The role of semantic and phonological factors in word recognition: an ERP cross-modal priming study of derivational morphology.

Abstract:

:Theories of morphological processing differ on the issue of how lexical and grammatical information are stored and accessed. A key point of contention is whether complex forms are decomposed during recognition (e.g., establish+ment), compared to forms that cannot be analyzed into constituent morphemes (e.g., apartment). In the present study, we examined these issues with respect to English derivational morphology by measuring ERP responses during a cross-modal priming lexical decision task. ERP priming effects for semantically and phonologically transparent derived words (government-govern) were compared to those of semantically opaque derived words (apartment-apart) as well as "quasi-regular" items that represent intermediate cases of morphological transparency (dresser-dress). Additional conditions independently manipulated semantic and phonological relatedness in non-derived words (semantics: couch-sofa; phonology: panel-pan). The degree of N400 ERP priming to morphological forms varied depending on the amount of semantic and phonological overlap between word types, rather than respecting a bivariate distinction between derived and opaque forms. Moreover, these effects could not be accounted for by semantic or phonological relatedness alone. The findings support the theory that morphological relatedness is graded rather than absolute, and depend on the joint contribution of form and meaning overlap.

journal_name

Neuropsychologia

journal_title

Neuropsychologia

authors

Kielar A,Joanisse MF

doi

10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.11.027

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-01-01 00:00:00

pages

161-77

issue

2

eissn

0028-3932

issn

1873-3514

pii

S0028-3932(10)00507-5

journal_volume

49

pub_type

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