R-Ras regulates vascular permeability, but not overall healing in skin wounds.

Abstract:

:Wounds close by keratinocytes migrating from the edge of the wound and re-epithelializing the epidermis. It has been proposed that the major stimuli for wound closure are blood-derived growth factors, chemokines and cytokines. The small GTPase R-Ras, a known integrin activator, also regulates vascular permeability during angiogenesis, and blood vessels lacking R-Ras leak plasma proteins constantly. We explored whether the access to blood-derived proteins influences skin wound healing in R-Ras knockout (KO) mice. In skin wounds, R-Ras expression was mostly restricted to the vasculature in the granulation tissue. Angiogenic blood vessels in the R-Ras KO mice were significantly more permeable than in wild-type (WT) controls. Although the distances between epidermal tongues, and the panniculus carnosus muscles, were significantly longer in R-Ras KO than WT controls before the granulation tissue formation took place, there were no differences in the wound closure or re-epithelialization rates or granulation tissue formation. These findings were also corroborated in a special splint excision wound model. Our study shows that although R-Ras does not influence the skin wound healing itself, the blood vessels lacking R-Ras are leaky and thus could facilitate the access of blood-derived proteins to the wound.

journal_name

Exp Dermatol

journal_title

Experimental dermatology

authors

Ketomäki T,Vähätupa M,May U,Pemmari T,Ruikka E,Hietamo J,Kaipiainen P,Barker H,Parkkila S,Uusitalo-Järvinen H,Järvinen TAH

doi

10.1111/exd.13851

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

202-206

issue

2

eissn

0906-6705

issn

1600-0625

journal_volume

28

pub_type

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