Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 is a prognostic marker in colorectal carcinoma.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:Serological tumor markers are routinely used to monitor tumor onset and progression. In colorectal carcinoma (CRC), the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is roughly elevated in 50% of patients at initial diagnosis. Soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) is elevated in different cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic relevance of sICAM-1 combined with CEA in patients with CRC. METHODS:In blood samples of 297 CRC patients, sICAM-1 was determined by ELISA and CEA by microparticle enzyme immunoassay the day before oncologic resection. Separation in patients with sICAM-1high and sICAM-1low was performed by minimum p value approach; separation in CEA normal and elevated was performed according to the established diagnostic cutoff. Clinical data were obtained from the prospective collected data from the Erlangen Registry for Colorectal Carcinomas. RESULTS:Cancer-related 5-year survival rate of patients with sICAM-1low (< 290 ng/ml, n = 208) was significantly increased (83.4%) as compared to that of patients with sICAM-1high (≥ 290 ng/ml, n = 89) (66.2%; p < 0.001). Patients with normal CEA concentrations (n = 199; 90.8%) showed a significantly (p < 0.001) improved cancer-related 5-year survival rate compared to patients with elevated CEA concentrations (n = 98; 52.1%). Moreover, high sICAM-1 was an independent risk factor (hazard ratio 1.6) in multivariate analysis. Of note, increased sICAM-1 levels, either within normal or within elevated CEA, allowed to identify high-risk subgroups, both for overall (p < 0.001) and cancer-related survival (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION:Application of a novel risk score combining CEA/sICAM-1 serum concentrations allows the identification of high-risk groups for poor survival in CRC patients.

journal_name

Int J Colorectal Dis

authors

Schellerer VS,Langheinrich MC,Zver V,Grützmann R,Stürzl M,Gefeller O,Naschberger E,Merkel S

doi

10.1007/s00384-018-3198-0

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

309-317

issue

2

eissn

0179-1958

issn

1432-1262

pii

10.1007/s00384-018-3198-0

journal_volume

34

pub_type

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