Coenzyme Q analogues reconstitute electron transport and proton ejection but not the antimycin-induced "red shift" in mitochondria from coenzyme Q deficient mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Abstract:

:Mitochondria isolated from coenzyme Q deficient yeast cells had no detectable NADH:cytochrome c reductase or succinate:cytochrome c reductase activity but contained normal amounts of cytochromes b and c1 by spectral analysis. Addition of the exogenous coenzyme Q derivatives including Q2, Q6, and the decyl analogue (DB) restored the rate of antimycin- and myxothiazole-sensitive cytochrome c reductase with both substrates to that observed with reduced DBH2. Similarly, addition of these coenzyme Q analogues increased 2-3-fold the rate of cytochrome c reduction in mitochondria from wild-type cells, suggesting that the pool of coenzyme Q in the membrane is limiting for electron transport in the respiratory chain. Preincubation of mitochondria from the Q-deficient yeast cells with DBH2 at 25 degrees C restored electrogenic proton ejection, resulting in a H+/2e- ratio of 3.35 as compared to a ratio of 3.22 observed in mitochondria from the wild-type cell. Addition of succinate and either coenzyme Q6 or DB to mitochondria from the Q-deficient yeast cells resulted in the initial reduction of cytochrome b followed by a slow reduction of cytochrome c1 with a reoxidation of cytochrome b. The subsequent addition of antimycin resulted in the oxidant-induced extrareduction of cytochrome b and concomitant oxidation of cytochrome c1 without the "red" shift observed in the wild-type mitochondria. Similarly, addition of antimycin to dithionite-reduced mitochondria from the mutant cells did not result in a red shift in the absorption maximum of cytochrome b as was observed in the wild-type mitochondria in the presence or absence of exogenous coenzyme Q analogues.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

journal_name

Biochemistry

journal_title

Biochemistry

authors

Beattie DS,Clejan L

doi

10.1021/bi00354a031

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1986-03-25 00:00:00

pages

1395-402

issue

6

eissn

0006-2960

issn

1520-4995

journal_volume

25

pub_type

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