Iron-sulfur protein maturation in Helicobacter pylori: identifying a Nfu-type cluster carrier protein and its iron-sulfur protein targets.

Abstract:

:Helicobacter pylori is anomalous among non nitrogen-fixing bacteria in containing an incomplete NIF system for Fe-S cluster assembly comprising two essential proteins, NifS (cysteine desulfurase) and NifU (scaffold protein). Although nifU deletion strains cannot be obtained via the conventional gene replacement, a NifU-depleted strain was constructed and shown to be more sensitive to oxidative stress compared to wild-type (WT) strains. The hp1492 gene, encoding a putative Nfu-type Fe-S cluster carrier protein, was disrupted in three different H. pylori strains, indicating that it is not essential. However, Δnfu strains have growth deficiency, are more sensitive to oxidative stress and are unable to colonize mouse stomachs. Moreover, Δnfu strains have lower aconitase activity but higher hydrogenase activity than the WT. Recombinant Nfu was found to bind either one [2Fe-2S] or [4Fe-4S] cluster/dimer, based on analytical, UV-visible absorption/CD and resonance Raman studies. A bacterial two-hybrid system was used to ascertain interactions between Nfu, NifS, NifU and each of 36 putative Fe-S-containing target proteins. Nfu, NifS and NifU were found to interact with 15, 6 and 29 putative Fe-S proteins respectively. The results indicate that Nfu, NifS and NifU play a major role in the biosynthesis and/or delivery of Fe-S clusters in H. pylori.

journal_name

Mol Microbiol

journal_title

Molecular microbiology

authors

Benoit SL,Holland AA,Johnson MK,Maier RJ

doi

10.1111/mmi.13942

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-05-01 00:00:00

pages

379-396

issue

4

eissn

0950-382X

issn

1365-2958

journal_volume

108

pub_type

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