Exploring Reliability and Validity of the Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory-2 Among a Nonclinical Sample of Discharged Soldiers Following Mandatory Military Service.


:The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI) is a widely used questionnaire assessing deployment-related risk and resilience factors among war veterans. Its successor, the DRRI-2, has only been validated and used among veterans deployed for overseas military missions, but because many countries still enforce compulsory military service, validating it among nonclinical samples of healthy discharged soldiers following mandatory service is also a necessity. In the current study, a sample of 101 discharged Israeli soldiers (39 males, 62 females; mean time since discharge 13.92, SD = 9.09 years) completed the DRRI-2. There were 52 participants who completed the questionnaire at a second time point (mean time between assessments 19.02, SD = 6.21 days). Both physical and mental health status were examined, as well as symptomatology of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Cronbach's αs for all latent variables in the inventory ranged from .47 to .95. The DRRI-2 risk factors were negatively associated with psychological functioning, whereas resilience factors were positively associated with better self-reported mental health. Test-retest reliability coefficients were generally high (Pearson correlations were .61 to .94, all p values < .01). Our study provides evidence for the reliability and validity of the DRRI-2 in assessing salient deployment experiences among a nonclinical sample following mandatory military service.


J Trauma Stress


Maoz H,Goldwin Y,Lewis YD,Bloch Y




Has Abstract


2016-12-01 00:00:00












  • Reformulating PTSD for DSM-V: life after Criterion A.

    abstract::The diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder has been criticized on numerous grounds, but principally for three reasons (a) the alleged pathologizing of normal events, (b) the inadequacy of Criterion A, and (c) symptom overlap with other disorders. The authors review these problems along with arguments why the diagn...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brewin CR,Lanius RA,Novac A,Schnyder U,Galea S

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring Trauma Exposure: Count Versus Variety of Potentially Traumatic Events in a Binational Sample.

    abstract::Traumatic event checklists typically ask respondents to indicate whether they have experienced particular types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and then sum these endorsements to gauge cumulative trauma exposure. However, the sum of these endorsements indicates the variety of PTEs respondents have experienced r...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rasmussen A,Romero S,Leon M,Verkuilen J,Morales P,Martinez-Maganalles S,García-Sosa I

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • An affect-management group for women with posttraumatic stress disorder and histories of childhood sexual abuse.

    abstract::Systematic research on effective treatment for survivors of childhood sexual abuse with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is virtually non-existent. The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of an affect-management treatment (AM) group to a wait list control condition for female survivors of chi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zlotnick C,Shea TM,Rosen K,Simpson E,Mulrenin K,Begin A,Pearlstein T

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioural changes add validity to the construct of posttraumatic growth.

    abstract::This study aimed to identify positive behavioural changes that people may make as a result of negotiating the aftermath of a traumatic experience, thereby extending the current cognitive model of posttraumatic growth (PTG). It was hypothesised that significant others would corroborate survivors' cognitive and behaviou...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shakespeare-Finch J,Barrington AJ

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study.

    abstract::Although forced migration research on refugee family functioning clearly points to the potential breakdown of parental availability and responsiveness in the context of cumulative migration stressors, studies exploring attachment security in refugee children are surprisingly lacking so far. The authors report their fi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Haene L,Dalgaard NT,Montgomery E,Grietens H,Verschueren K

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Gender Differences in Machine Learning Models of Trauma and Suicidal Ideation in Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

    abstract::Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to exam...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gradus JL,King MW,Galatzer-Levy I,Street AE

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • MMPI scales for diagnosing acute and chronic PTSD in civilians. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.

    abstract::To develop new Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) scales for diagnosing acute and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 237 civilians with PTSD or panic disorder (controls) completed the MMPI-R. All 399 items were submitted to chi-square analysis to select those differentiating acute or chronic...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaston L,Brunet A,Koszycki D,Bradwejn J

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder, guilt, depression, and meaning in life among military veterans.

    abstract::Veterans of various service eras (N = 174) completed an Internet survey about combat exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, guilt, and meaning in life. Results of a hierarchical regression indicated that younger age; higher levels of combat exposure, depression, and guilt; and lower meani...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owens GP,Steger MF,Whitesell AA,Herrera CJ

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Trauma associated with civil conflict and posttraumatic stress disorder: evidence from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress.

    abstract::The authors provide epidemiological estimates of trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and associated mental disorders in Northern Ireland (NI) with a focus on the impact of civil conflict using data from the NI Study of Health and Stress (NISHS), a representative epidemiological survey of adults in NI. Overal...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bunting BP,Ferry FR,Murphy SD,O'Neill SM,Bolton D

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD in asylum-seeking male adolescents from Afghanistan.

    abstract::This study concerned the mental health of Afghan unaccompanied asylum-seeking children in the United Kingdom (UK). Afghans are the largest group of children seeking asylum in the UK, yet evidence concerning their mental health is limited. This study presents an estimate of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bronstein I,Montgomery P,Dobrowolski S

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional adjustment in survivors of sexual assault living with HIV-AIDS.

    abstract::This study examined history of sexual assault in 357 men and women living with HIV-AIDS. Participants completed measures of demographic characteristics, sexual assault history, emotional distress and psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and sexual behaviors. Results showed that 68% of women and 35% of men living with ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalichman SC,Sikkema KJ,DiFonzo K,Luke W,Austin J

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD symptom structure among West African war trauma survivors living in African refugee camps: a factor-analytic investigation.

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    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vinson GA,Chang Z

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Childhood Traumatic Loss: A Secondary Analysis of Symptom Severity and Treatment Outcome.

    abstract::Loss is a commonly experienced traumatic event among children. Although the experience of loss can potentially lead to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), little is known about PTSS levels after traumatic loss versus other traumatic events. We investigated data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on trauma-focu...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unterhitzenberger J,Sachser C,Rosner R

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::The study aimed to evaluate cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for posttraumatic stress (PTS), depression, anxiety, and anger in street children by a randomized controlled trial of CBT versus a waitlist control. It was conducted in 8 residential facilities for street children in Mexico City, with assessments at baseli...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Shein-Szydlo J,Sukhodolsky DG,Kon DS,Tejeda MM,Ramirez E,Ruchkin V

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder in female veterans with military and civilian sexual trauma.

    abstract::This study examines relationships among military sexual trauma (MST), nonmilitary sexual trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A sample of 196 female veterans was assessed for trauma occurring before, during, and after military service, and for current PTSD. The prevalence of MST was higher than that of pr...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Himmelfarb N,Yaeger D,Mintz J

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • A Brief School-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Japanese Adolescents With Severe Posttraumatic Stress.

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    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ito D,Koseki S,Ohtani T

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • The associations between coping self-efficacy and posttraumatic stress symptoms 10 years postdisaster: differences between men and women.

    abstract::The mediating role of coping self-efficacy (CSE) perceptions between disaster-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) in the intermediate term (4 years postevent) and PSS in the long term (10 years postevent) were examined. Participants were 514 adult Dutch native residents affected by the Enschede fireworks disas...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bosmans MW,Benight CC,van der Knaap LM,Winkel FW,van der Velden PG

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study of Trauma-Related Auditory and Olfactory Cues: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or Combat Experience?

    abstract::The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among U.S. veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan necessitates the need for comprehensive assessment and treatment strategies. This study investigated the utility of a combat-related PTSD symptom provocation paradigm to elicit unique neurological responses acros...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gramlich MA,Neer SM,Beidel DC,Bohil CJ,Bowers CA

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Resource Loss and Stress Outcomes in a Setting of Chronic Conflict: The Conservation of Resources Theory in the Eastern Congo.

    abstract::The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine conservation of resources (COR) theory in the context of armed conflict in Africa. Specifically, within the setting of ongoing chronic conflict in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), we tested the COR theory prediction that resource loss contribu...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snyder JD,Boan D,Aten JD,Davis EB,Van Grinsven L,Liu T,Worthington EL Jr

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Do adolescent offspring of women with PTSD experience higher levels of chronic and episodic stress?

    abstract::Offspring of mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for a range of negative developmental outcomes, including differing forms of psychopathology. This study suggests that the multigenerational impact of trauma may be partially attributed to increased levels of stress experienced by these ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brand SR,Schechter JC,Hammen CL,Brocque RL,Brennan PA

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Depressive Disorders, and Any Mental Health Condition Among U.S. Soldiers and Marines, 2001-2011.

    abstract::Understanding mental health disorder diagnosis and treatment seeking among active-duty military personnel is a topic with both clinical and policy implications. It has been well documented in military populations that individual-level military experience, including deployment history and combat exposure, influences me...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levin-Rector A,Hourani LL,Van Dorn RA,Bray RM,Stander VA,Cartwright JK,Morgan JK,Trudeau J,Lattimore PK

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood traumatic stress and obesity in women: the intervening effects of PTSD and MDD.

    abstract::In this study, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) were modeled as intervening variables in the relationship between childhood traumatic stress and weight outcomes in civilian women in the United States. Of the 148 participants, 72 had current PTSD, 64 had current MDD, ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dedert EA,Becker ME,Fuemmeler BF,Braxton LE,Calhoun PS,Beckham JC

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Examining Associations Between Hurricane Sandy Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder by Community of Residence.

    abstract::Exposure to 2012's Hurricane Sandy differed by community across New York City and nearby Long Island, and the differential impact of exposure on mental health concerns must be studied to enhance resilience in vulnerable communities. We assessed the association between self-reported Hurricane Sandy exposure and subsequ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwartz RM,Rasul R,Gargano LM,Lieberman-Cribbin W,Brackbill RM,Taioli E

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress, mental health professionals, and the clergy: a need for collaboration, training, and research.

    abstract::This article addresses the need for improved clergy-mental health professional collaboration in the assessment and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tens of millions of North Americans with personal problems seek the counsel of clergy. There is an absence of research on the function of clergy as helpe...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Weaver AJ,Koenig HG,Ochberg FM

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • A twin study of the association of post-traumatic stress disorder and combat exposure with long-term socioeconomic status in Vietnam veterans.

    abstract::This study examines the association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and combat exposure with the socioeconomic status of 2210 male monozygotic veteran twin pairs in 1987. In the unadjusted analysis on individuals, modest correlations indicated that those with PTSD were more likely to have been divorced, ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarren M,Janes GR,Goldberg J,Eisen SA,True WR,Henderson WG

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::The objective of the present review is to provide an overview of existing research that has reported on the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and ischemic heart disease. Specific focus is given to the incidence of PTSD following myocardial infarction (MI). A systematic review using Preferred Rep...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacquet-Smailovic M,Tarquinio C,Alla F,Denis I,Kirche A,Tarquinio C,Brennstuhl MJ

    更新日期:2020-10-02 00:00:00

  • A pilot randomized controlled trial assessing secondary prevention of traumatic stress integrated into pediatric trauma care.

    abstract::Medical settings provide opportunities for secondary prevention of traumatic stress and other sequelae of pediatric injury. This pilot randomized trial evaluated the delivery and effectiveness of a targeted preventive intervention based on best practice recommendations and integrated within acute medical care. Hospita...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kassam-Adams N,García-España JF,Marsac ML,Kohser KL,Baxt C,Nance M,Winston F

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Resting electroencephalogram asymmetry and posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::The valence-arousal (W. Heller, 1993) and approach-withdrawal (R. J. Davidson, 1998a) models hypothesize that particular patterns of hemispheric brain activity are associated with specific motivational tendencies and psychopathologies. We tested several of these predictions in two groups-a posttraumatic stress disorde...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shankman SA,Silverstein SM,Williams LM,Hopkinson PJ,Kemp AH,Felmingham KL,Bryant RA,McFarlane A,Clark CR

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Do Holocaust survivors show increased vulnerability or resilience to post-Holocaust cumulative adversity?

    abstract::Prior trauma can hinder coping with additional adversity or inoculate against the effect of recurrent adversity. The present study further addressed this issue by examining whether a subsample of Holocaust survivors and comparison groups, drawn from the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shrira A,Palgi Y,Ben-Ezra M,Shmotkin D

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Benefit finding at war: a matter of time.

    abstract::Benefit finding, described as one's ability to find benefits from stressful situations, has been hypothesized as a buffer against the negative effects of stress on mental health outcomes. Nonetheless, many have questioned the buffering potential of benefit finding in the face of prolonged and excessive stress such as ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wood MD,Britt TW,Wright KM,Thomas JL,Bliese PD

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00