A REVIEW OF GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATIONS USED IN THE DIETARY GUIDELINES OF SELECTED COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS, EUROPE AND ASIA.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) are an initiative by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) designed to help countries establish their own nutrition education principles. Such principles should be expressed through clear and specific messages that provide guidance and promote good health among populations. Many of these guidelines contain graphical representations (GRs) as visual aids for dietary guidance. OBJECTIVES:to analyze the characteristics of GRs used in various countries on four continents to identify international trends in these graphical messages and assess their usefulness as educational tools for their target populations. METHODS:a review of GRs used in the FBDGs of countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia for which data were available in Spanish or English. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:the models most used are the food circle and pyramid. The GRs (n = 37) depict the following recommendations: food groups (37), physical activity (21), water intake (17), low salt intake (7), family meals (1) and relaxation (1). In addition, 10 quantitative recommendations were detected. The GRs of Greece and the United States do not show images of food. The aspects considered in the GRs vary by the regions, cultures and epidemiological characteristics of each country. A tendency to use the food circle and to include lifestyle recommendations in illustrations was observed in the United States, Spain and Mexico. Quantitative recommendations may help to clarify information provided during the educational process. :Introducción: las Guías Alimentarias Basadas en Alimentos “Food-Based Dietary Guidelines” (FBDG) son una propuesta de la Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) y la World Health Organization (WHO) para que cada país plantee sus principios de educación nutricional de manera clara y concreta con el fin de orientar y promover la buena salud en la población. Muchas de estas guías incluyen una representación gráfica (GR) como ayuda visual en el proceso de orientación alimentaria. Objetivos: analizar las características de las GR de países de tres continentes, para conocer las tendencias internacionales de los mensajes gráficos y para facilitar su transmisión durante el proceso educativo a la población a la que van dirigidos. Métodos: revisión de las GR de las FBDG de países de América, Europa y Asia, cuya información estuviera accesible, en español o en inglés. Resultados y discusión: las figuras más utilizadas son el círculo y la pirámide. Las GR ilustran las siguientes recomendaciones: todas (n = 37) grupos de alimentos, 21 actividad física, 17 consumo de agua, 7 restricción de sal, 1 convivencia familiar, 1 relajación y 10 recomendaciones cuantitativas. Las GR de Grecia y Estados Unidos no muestran imágenes de alimentos. Los aspectos considerados en las GR dependen de la región, la cultura y algunas características epidemiológicas de cada país. Se observa una tendencia al uso de la figura del círculo en países como Estados Unidos, España y México, además de incluir recomendaciones sobre el estilo de vida en la ilustración. Las recomendaciones cuantitativas pueden clarificar la información en el proceso educativo.

journal_name

Nutr Hosp

journal_title

Nutricion hospitalaria

authors

Altamirano Martínez MB,Cordero Muñoz AY,Macedo Ojeda G,Márquez Sandoval YF,Vizmanos B

doi

10.3305/nh.2015.32.3.9362

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-09-01 00:00:00

pages

986-96

issue

3

eissn

0212-1611

issn

1699-5198

journal_volume

32

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
  • [Nutrition and colorectal cancer].

    abstract::Colorectal cancer is the most common tumor behind lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Its prevalence shows a wide geographic variability, which, along with epidemiological and experimental evidence, suggests a considerable participation of environmental factors, mainly dietary in its cause. It is not known ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Jorquera Plaza F,Culebras Fernández JM

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • [ENTERAL NUTRITION ON THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CANCER].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:to identify what effect causes enteral nutrition on nutritional status of cancer. METHOD:a search was performed using the keywords "Cancer" AND "Enteral Nutrition" AND "Supplementation" in four document databases: Pubmed, EBSCO, ProQuest, and Web of Science. INCLUSION CRITERIA:age of the sample, major than ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.3305/nh.2015.32.4.9227

    authors: Escortell Sánchez R,Reig García-Galbis M

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Catheter occlusion and venous thrombosis prevention and incidence in adult home parenteral nutrition (HPN) programme patients].

    abstract:UNLABELLED:In adult home parenteral nutrition (HPN) programme patients up to now no evidence-based recommendations exist on the central venous catheter maintenance nor venous thrombosis prevention. The use of heparin flushes could be linked with long term complications, besides, anticoagulants use is controversial. OB...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/S0212-16112012000100033

    authors: Puiggròs C,Cuerda C,Virgili N,Chicharro ML,Martínez C,Garde C,de Luis D,Grupo NADYA-SENPE.

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Overview on the safety of commercial products containing metallic nanoparticles in the food sector].

    abstract::The objective of this work was to highlight the importance of testing in a realistic way, metallic nanoparticles-based products, used in the food sector in order to provide representative data for a realistic and accurate risk assessment. To this end we give a brief overview of the current use and applications of meta...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.20960/nh.2143

    authors: Rainieri S,Olasagasti M,Barranco A

    更新日期:2018-06-12 00:00:00

  • Pre-and postoperative nutritional evaluation in patients with chagasic megaesophagus.

    abstract::Chagasic megaesophagus is a chronic disease that courses with progressive dysphagia, regurgitation and protein-calorie malnutrition. Advanced or recurrent megaesophagus can be treated with Serra Dória's operation (cardioplasty, partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunal Roux-en-Y anastomosis). A nutritional evaluation was ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Penhavel FA,Waitzberg DL,Trevenzol HP,Alves L,Zilberstein B,Gama-Rodrigues J

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of drug administration through enteral feeding tubes in hospitalized patients].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the administration of drugs through nasogastric tubes by the nursing staff of a tertiary hospital and to identify the most common administration errors. METHODS:An observational study was carried out between November of 2010 and March of 2011. The study population was the nursing staff of the hos...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2012.27.3.5747

    authors: de Amuriza Chicharro N,Romero Jiménez RM,Valero Zanuy MA,Gomis Muñoz P,Herreros de Tejada A

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Interactions between foodstuffs and statins].

    abstract::The existence of interactions between different drugs or between drugs and the diet is becoming better and better known. Statins are medicines currently in widespread use for the treatment of hyperlipidaemias. Diet has a great influence on the prevention and/or treatment of these pathologies as the therapeutic strateg...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: de Andrés S,Lucena A,de Juana P

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Comparative study on the clinical-nutritional status of obese postmenopausal women on a weight loss programme based on prepared dishes].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Few studies have evaluated the efficacy and reliability of weight loss-focussed prepared food dishes in obese post-menopausal women. OBJECTIVE:To compare the efficacy of a weight loss programme based on a balanced hypocaloric diet using prepared dishes* with that of a similar programme based on standard c...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1590/S0212-16112012000200038

    authors: Rodríguez-Navarrete G,Sánchez-Oliver A,López-González B,Pérez de la Cruz A,Manzano Romero B,Planells del Pozo E

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Association of the rs10830963 polymorphism in MTNR1B with fasting glucose, serum adipokine levels and components of metabolic syndrome in adult obese subjects.

    abstract:Introduction:Background and objectives: the aim of the present investigation was to describe the association of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with fasting glucose levels, serum adipokine levels and diabetes mellitus. Methods: the study involved a population of 1,002 adult obese subjects. Measurements of ant...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.20960/nh.2013

    authors: de Luis Román DA,Primo D,Aller R,Izaola O

    更新日期:2019-03-07 00:00:00

  • [Neural pathophysiology of cancer anorexia].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Approximately two thirds of cancer patients at advanced stages of the disease suffer from anorexia. Defined as the loss of the desire to eat, anorexia lower the energy intake which further exacerbates a progressive deterioration of the patient nutritional status. Malnutrition has a large impact on morbidit...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1590/S0212-16112011000400003

    authors: Sánchez-Lara K,Sosa-Sánchez R,Green-Renner D,Méndez-Sánchez N

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Modular parenteral nutrition: a new concept?].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:We may define Modular Parenteral Nutrition (MPN) as parenteral nutrition (PN) mixtures obtained from adding different macronutrients to standard formulations (SPN) both binary (amino acids and glucose) and ternary (amino acids, lipids, and glucose). OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study is to demonstrate that ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Llop Talaverón JM,Machí Ribes JJ,Gracia García B,Badía Tahull MB,Tubau Molas M,Jódar Masanes R

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Bioelectric impedance overestimates the body fat in overweight and underestimates in Brazilian obese women: a comparison with Segal equation 1.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Overweight and obesity are risk factors to appearance of cardiovascular diseases and anthropometry is important as clinical tool for planning and health policymaking at population level. Thus, aim of this work was to compare the simple body fat percentage (%BF) obtained straight by bioeletric impedance (BI...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Pimentel GD,Bernhard AB,Frezza MR,Rinaldi AE,Burini RC

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Somatotype tendency in Chilean adolescents from Valparaíso: review from 1979 to 2011.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A good tool to determine the biotype of growing and developing subjects that has been observed is the somatotype (ST). Objetive: This research study aims to describe the ST tendency in Chilean adolescents along the years. METHODS:The bibliographic review was carried out using data from Medline, ISI Web of...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.3305/nh.2015.31.3.8425

    authors: Lizana PA,Olivares R,Berral FJ

    更新日期:2014-12-17 00:00:00

  • Efecto del tratamiento dietoterápico de la obesidad sobre el metabolismo óseo.

    abstract::La obesidad interfiere con el metabolismo óseo a través de factores mecánicos, hormonales e inflamatorios. El principal tratamiento de dicha enfermedad es la dieta, modificación de la cantidad y tipo de alimento. Este tratamiento nutricional tiene una influencia sobre el metabolismo óseo en dos sentidos: modifica el e...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.20960/nh.809

    authors: López Gómez JJ,Pérez Castrillón JL,Romero Bobillo E,De Luis Román DA

    更新日期:2016-11-29 00:00:00

  • [Nutritional status in patients first hospital admissions service hematology National Cancer Institute].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the nutritional status of patients admitted to hospital for the first time the hematology service and who have not received treatment for cancer, to know if the nutritional status assessed by the EGS-GP and serum albumin related mortality of patients METHODS:A longitudinal, prospective, analyti...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2013.28.4.6484

    authors: Baltazar Luna E,Omaña Guzmán LI,Ortiz Hernández L,Ñamendis-Silva SA,De Nicola Delfin L

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Spanish Registry of Home-based Parenteral Nutrition during 2006 (NADYA-SENPE Group)].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To report the data of the Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) registry of the NADYA-SENPE working group for the year 2006. METHODOLOGY:We compiled the data from the on-line registry introduced by the responsible Units for the monitoring of HPN from January 1st to December 31st 2006. RESULTS:103 patients with HP...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Puiggrós C,Chicharro ML,Gómez-Candela C,Virgili N,Cuerda C,Gómez-Enterría P,Ordóñez J,Moreno JM,Penacho MA,Pérez de la Cruz A,Alvarez J,Luengo LM,Irles JA,Wanden-Berghe C,de Luis D,Rodríguez-Pozo A,Garde C,Pedrón C,Gó

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in a myotrophic lateral sclerosis. Experience in a district general hospital].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disorder that affects the pyramidal tract, producing progressive motor dysfunctions leading to paralysis. These patients can present with dysphagia, requiring nutritional support with a nasogastric tube or Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG). PEG is...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2014.30.6.7808

    authors: Prior-Sánchez I,Herrera-Martínez AD,Tenorio Jiménez C,Molina Puerta MJ,Calañas Continente AJ,Manzano García G,Gálvez Moreno MÁ

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Clinical features and weight loss in patients with morbid obesity after bariatric surgery].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyze the psychological status of morbidly obese patients suffering changes after surgical procedure for weight reduction. METHODS:We analyze the weight loss in 100 morbidly obese patients (85 female, 15 male) after bariatric surgery (vertical banded gastroplasty). We correlated the percentage of weight...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Guisado JA,Vaz FJ,López-Ibor JJ,Rubio MA

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Use of enteral nutrition products in a general hospital].

    abstract::The present work aims to study the use of enteral nutrition (EN) products during the period between October 1996 and January 1997, in a general hospital with a nutrition unit. The EN expenditure ascended to 3,343,475 Pesetas, with the supplements representing the greatest cost percentage (39.1%). An indication-prescri...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Marín Pozo JF,Nacle López I,Zambora Ardoy MA,Vílchez Medina T,Millán García R,Mora Mora MA

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • [A comparison between double-photon absorptiometry (DEXA), impedance and anthropometry in the study of the body composition of obese subjects].

    abstract::Dual-energy X ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is primarily used in the assessment of bone mineral. However, the transmissions of the two different energy beams in nonbone areas can be processed to calculate the amount of fat and free-fat mass of the soft tissues. We have compared the estimation of body fat mass (FM) by DEXA...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Valero MA,León-Sanz M,Gómez I,Martínez G,Hawkins F

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • [The use of the Dreimlich probe for obtaining samples in a postoperative study of biliopancreatic function in cholecystectomized patients].

    abstract::We have performed a clinical study involving patients with symptomatic gallstones and indications for surgery, to analyze the biliary and pancreatic response to the quality of dietary fat (degree of unsaturation). As part of the investigative method, we have designed a clinical protocol adapted to the needs of the stu...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: González Bueno V,Serrano Paz P,Mataix J,Martínez-Victoria E,Medrano J,Calpena R,Diego Estévez M

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • MOTOR SKILLS AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OUTCOMES FROM A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INTERVENTION IN SHORT BREAKS ON PRESCHOOL CHILDREN CONDUCTED BY THEIR EDUCATORS: A PILOT STUDY.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:childhood obesity is a worldwide health concern. For this issue different intervention have being planned to increase physical activity patterns and reduce the excess of weight in children with limited or no success. OBJECTIVE:the aim of this study is to evaluate the results of a pilot intervention consis...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2015.32.4.9514

    authors: Monsalves-Alvarez M,Castro-Sepulveda M,Zapata-Lamana R,Rosales-Soto G,Salazar G

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Validity and reproducibility of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire in Spanish preschoolers - The SENDO project.

    abstract:Introduction:Introduction: currently, it is important to determine whether food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) are valid tools to collect information on usual diet in children. Objective: we evaluated the reproducibility and validity of the semi-quantitative FFQ used in a Spanish cohort of children aged 4-7 years. Meth...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.20960/nh.03003

    authors: Zazpe I,Santiago S,de la O V,Romanos-Nanclares A,Rico-Campà A,Álvarez-Zallo N,Martínez-González MÁ,Martín Calvo N

    更新日期:2020-08-27 00:00:00

  • Loss of muscle strength in patients under hemodialysis evaluated by dynamometry in the Mexican population.

    abstract:Introduction:Introduction: chronic kidney disease contributes to decreased muscle strength and physical function through a decrease in muscle mass. Current evidence suggests that hemodialysis can accentuate this complication, as well as lead to deterioration of the patient's overall health. The aim of this study is to ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.20960/nh.03076

    authors: Hernández Corona DM,González Heredia T,Méndez Del Villar M,Pazarin Villaseñor L,Yanowsky Escatell FG,Topete Reyes JF,Hernández García S

    更新日期:2020-10-21 00:00:00

  • TRAQUEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA PATIENTS FED THROUGH PERCUTANEOUS ENDOSCOPIC GASTROSTOMY/GASTROJEJUNOSTOMY: NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND CLINICAL OUTCOME.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) may result from cancer or mechanical ventilation. Endoscopic Gastrostomy or Gastrojejunostomy (PEG/PEG-J) is used for nutritional support. OBJECTIVE:in TEF-patients, evaluating nutritional status when PEG is performed, safety of PEG/PEG-J and clinical outcome. METHODS:from t...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2015.32.2.9078

    authors: Santos CA,Pereira M,Martins VS,Fonseca J

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • [A review of diseases related to the intake of gluten].

    abstract::Cereals are considered a basic food. Through the development of cooking, the human being has produced high- gluten-content food, so that it could make the most of its nutritional properties. Wheat is becoming one of the key elements of the Mediterranean diet. Amongst gluten- intake-related pathologies- gluten is prese...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8984

    authors: Vaquero L,Alvarez-Cuenllas B,Rodríguez-Martín L,Aparicio M,Jorquera F,Olcoz JL,Vivas S

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Executive functions in anorexia nervosa.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The pathophysiologic mechanisms that account for the development and persistence of anorexia nervosa (AN) remain unclear. With respect to the neuropsychological functioning, the executive functions have been reported to be altered, especially cognitive flexibility and decision-making processes. OBJECTIVES...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7149

    authors: Jáuregui-Lobera I

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of palatability of two special oral diets for institutionalized elderly diabetics, Glucerna SR vs Resource Diabet].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the organoleptic characteristics of two specific nutritional supplements for diabetes (Glucerna SR and Resource Suport) and compare them. SETTING:An evaluation was made of 456 patients with Type 2 diabetes (most of them receiving OADs or insulin) from 34 centers. They were non-smoking elderly pa...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:

    authors: Grau T,Almazán Arjona JA,Luna A,Chamorro Quirós J,Lord Rodríguez T,Casimiro C,Grupo de Estudio Cooperativo Geriátrico.

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Intake of calcium and vitamin D by the Pyrenean population].

    abstract::Knowing the dietary intake of specific nutrients is a good base for planning the start of intervention methods aimed at correcting nutritional habits. Using the crude weight method, we have carried out the dietary assessment of the amounts of calcium and vitamin D ingested with the diet, in several populations of the ...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: González Bonillo J,Murillo Ramos JJ,Sanz Pérez B,Bonilla Polo A

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Subclinical atheroesclerosis and metabolic syndrome in children].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Metabolic syndrome (MS) in children has been associated to subclinical atherosclerosis as estimated by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT). OBJECTIVES:We aim to ascertain the influence of MS, insulin resistance (IR) and nutritional status on CIMT. Percentiles with an increased risk of CIMT were also exp...

    journal_title:Nutricion hospitalaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3305/nh.2013.28.5.6767

    authors: Arnaiz P,Barja S,Villarroel L,Domínguez A,Godoy I,Castillo O,Farías M,Mardones F

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00