Review of health issues of workers engaged in operations related to the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:The aim of this review was to summarize the lessons learned from the experience in protecting the health of workers engaged in operations following the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). METHODS:We reviewed all types of scientific papers examining workers' health found in Medline and Web of Sciences as well as some official reports published by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan and other governmental institutes. RESULTS:The papers and reports were classified into those investigating workers at the Fukushima Daiichi and Daini NPPs, workers engaged in decontamination operations in designated areas, and other workers. Regarding workers at the NPPs, many efforts were made to establish an emergency-care and occupational health system. Risk management efforts were undertaken for radiation exposure, heat stress, psychological stress, outbreak of infectious diseases, and fitness for work. Only a few reports dealt with decontamination workers and others; however, the health management of these workers was clearly weaker than that for workers at the NPPs. CONCLUSIONS:Many lessons can be learned from what occurred. That knowledge can be applied to ongoing decommissioning work and to future disasters. In addition, it is necessary to study the long-term health effects of radiation exposure and to accumulate data about the health of workers engaged in decontamination work and other areas.

journal_name

J Occup Health

authors

Hiraoka K,Tateishi S,Mori K

doi

10.1539/joh.15-0084-RA

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-01-01 00:00:00

pages

497-512

issue

6

eissn

1341-9145

issn

1348-9585

journal_volume

57

pub_type

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