Stormwater drains and catch basins as sources for production of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus.

Abstract:

:We present data showing that structures serving as drains and catch basins for stormwater are important sources for production of the mosquito arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus in Mérida City, México. We examined 1761 stormwater drains - located in 45 different neighborhoods spread across the city - over dry and wet seasons from March 2012 to March 2013. Of the examined stormwater drains, 262 (14.9%) held water at the time they were examined and 123 yielded mosquito immatures. In total, we collected 64,560 immatures representing nine species. The most commonly encountered species were Cx. quinquefasciatus (n=39,269) and Ae. aegypti (n=23,313). Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus were collected during all 11 months when we found water-filled stormwater drains, and both were found in stormwater drains located throughout Mérida City. We also present data for associations between structural characteristics of stormwater drains or water-related characteristics and the abundance of mosquito immatures. In conclusion, stormwater drains produce massive numbers of Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus across Mérida City, both in the wet and dry seasons, and represent non-residential development sites that should be strongly considered for inclusion in the local mosquito surveillance and control program.

journal_name

Acta Trop

journal_title

Acta tropica

authors

Arana-Guardia R,Baak-Baak CM,Loroño-Pino MA,Machain-Williams C,Beaty BJ,Eisen L,García-Rejón JE

doi

10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.01.011

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-06-01 00:00:00

pages

33-42

eissn

0001-706X

issn

1873-6254

pii

S0001-706X(14)00024-2

journal_volume

134

pub_type

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