Snus use and rejection in the USA.


OBJECTIVE:To determine whether snus might become a strategy for reducing the harm associated with cigarette smoking in the USA as appears to be the case in Sweden, we examined receptivity to snus use in two cities with the greatest exposure to the major brands. METHODS:A dual frame, telephone survey and a brief mail survey were conducted in 2011 and 2012 in Indianapolis, Indiana and Dallas/Fort Worth Texas. Over 5000 adults completed surveys. Trial, ever use, current use and reasons for using or quitting snus after trial were measured. RESULTS:Among male smokers, 29.9% had ever tried snus (CI 22.7 to 38.1) and 4.2% were current users (CI 1.6 to 10.7). Among female smokers, 8.5% ever tried snus (CI 4.4 to 15.7) and current use was unknown. Current use was virtually absent among former smokers and never smokers. A major predictor of any level of snus use was current use of conventional smokeless tobacco. Those who tried and gave up snus cited curiosity (41.3%) and the fact that it was available at low or no cost (30%) as reasons for trial; reasons for not continuing included preferring another form of tobacco (75.1%) and disliking the mouth feel (34.6%). Almost all current snus users indicated that they were trying to cut down on cigarettes, but few (3.9%) were using it to quit smoking entirely. CONCLUSIONS:The low rate of adoption of snus suggests that neither the hopes nor the fears surrounding this new product are likely to be realised in the USA with the current marketing patterns.


Tob Control


Tobacco control


Biener L,Roman AM,Mc Inerney SA,Bolcic-Jankovic D,Hatsukami DK,Loukas A,O'Connor RJ,Romito L




Has Abstract


2016-07-01 00:00:00














  • Effect of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions and revenue.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:As part of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act, smoking on the gambling floors of all commercial casinos in Illinois became prohibited. This study examined the effects of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions per-capita and real per-capita adjusted gross receipts using 18 years of data (10 years before and...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tauras JA,Chaloupka FJ,Moor G,Henderson PN,Leischow SJ

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Economic evaluations of tobacco control mass media campaigns: a systematic review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:International evidence shows that mass media campaigns are effective tobacco control interventions. However, they require substantial investment; a key question is whether their costs are justified by their benefits. The aim of this study was to systematically and comprehensively review economic evaluations ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Atusingwize E,Lewis S,Langley T

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Seven years of progress in tobacco control: an evaluation of the effect of nations meeting the highest level MPOWER measures between 2007 and 2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Since WHO released the package of six MPOWER measures to assist nations with implementing the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC), 88 countries adopted at least one highest level MPOWER measure. We estimated the subsequent reduction in smoking-related deaths from all new highest level measures...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy DT,Yuan Z,Luo Y,Mays D

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • The case for fire safe cigarettes made through industry documents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the extensive research undertaken by the tobacco industry over the past 25 years toward development of a fire safe cigarette. METHODS:Research was conducted through a web based search of internal tobacco industry documents made publicly available through the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement. RES...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gunja M,Wayne GF,Landman A,Connolly G,McGuire A

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Polytobacco use among young adult smokers: prospective association with cigarette consumption.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The risks of polytobacco use among young adults are unclear because we know relatively little about the consistency of multiproduct patterns over time and how these patterns impact cigarette smoking. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in multiple tobacco product use over time and associations w...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petersen A,Myers MG,Tully L,Brikmanis K,Doran N

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Survivors of tobacco-related diseases and advocacy for tobacco control.

    abstract::Survivors and victims of tobacco-related diseases can and should play significant roles in tobacco control advocacy efforts. This article describes one example of how to successfully incorporate their talents into a statewide programme. ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathew M,Goldstein AO,Hampton K

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette packaging and health warnings: the impact of plain packaging and message framing on young smokers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the impact of pictorial cigarette-warning labels, warning-label message framing and plain cigarette packaging, on young adult smokers' motivation to quit. METHODS:Smokers aged 18-30 years (n=740) from a consumer research panel were randomised to one of four experimental conditions where t...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mays D,Niaura RS,Evans WD,Hammond D,Luta G,Tercyak KP

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths in Ireland using the IrelandSS simulation model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study estimates the relative contribution of policies implemented between 1998 and 2010 to reductions in smoking prevalence by 2010. It then models the impact of implementing stronger policies, relative to a scenario of inaction, on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable mortality in Ireland. METH...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Currie LM,Blackman K,Clancy L,Levy DT

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Electronic cigarette nicotine delivery can exceed that of combustible cigarettes: a preliminary report.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) aerosolise a liquid that usually contains propylene glycol and/or vegetable glycerine, flavourants and the dependence-producing drug, nicotine, in various concentrations. This laboratory study examined the relationship between liquid nicotine concentration and plasma nicotine ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ramôa CP,Hiler MM,Spindle TR,Lopez AA,Karaoghlanian N,Lipato T,Breland AB,Shihadeh A,Eissenberg T

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • An examination of the smoking identities and taxonomies of smoking behaviour of youth.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To address observations that the smoking identities of youth are valid descriptors of their smoking behaviour, we examined the relationships between self-reported smoking identities, perceived levels of addiction, and established taxonomies of smoking behaviour of youth. METHOD:Cross-sectional data were coll...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okoli CT,Richardson CG,Ratner PA,Johnson JL

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Modelling the impact of menthol sales restrictions and retailer density reduction policies: insights from tobacco town Minnesota.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Tobacco control policies focused on the retail environment have the potential to reduce tobacco use and tobacco-related health disparities through increasing direct and indirect costs. Recently, national and subnational governments have begun to restrict the sale of menthol products and reduce tobacco reta...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Combs TB,McKay VR,Ornstein J,Mahoney M,Cork K,Brosi D,Kasman M,Heuberger B,Hammond RA,Luke D

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Direct and indirect costs of smoking in Vietnam.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate the direct and indirect costs of active smoking in Vietnam. METHOD:A prevalence-based disease-specific cost of illness approach was utilised to calculate the costs related to five smoking-related diseases: lung cancer, cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseas...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoang Anh PT,Thu le T,Ross H,Quynh Anh N,Linh BN,Minh NT

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of California's in-school tobacco use prevention education (TUPE) activities using a nested school-longitudinal design, 2003-2004 and 2005-2006.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Current legislative language requires the California Department of Public Health, California Tobacco Control Program, to evaluate the effectiveness of the school-based Tobacco Use Prevention Education (TUPE) programme in California every 2 years. The objective of the study was to measure change and to identi...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park HY,Dent C,Abramsohn E,Dietsch B,McCarthy WJ

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • What contributed to the major decline in per capita cigarette consumption during California's comprehensive tobacco control programme?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:California experienced a notable decline in per capita cigarette consumption during its comprehensive tobacco control programme. This study examines what proportion of the decline occurred from: (1) fewer ever smokers in the population, (2) more ever smokers quitting, and (3) current smokers smoking less. D...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilpin EA,Messer K,White MM,Pierce JP

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • The importance of cigarette packaging in a 'dark' market: the 'Silk Cut' experience.

    abstract::In a growing number of countries tobacco companies are severely restricted in how they can legally market their products. In these 'dark' markets the role of packaging as a promotional and communications tool becomes more pronounced. How packaging is used for the most expensive cigarette brands in dark markets has rec...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moodie C,Angus K,Ford A

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • What is the role of tobacco control advertising intensity and duration in reducing adolescent smoking prevalence? Findings from 16 years of tobacco control mass media advertising in Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine how the intensity and duration of tobacco control advertising relate to adolescent smoking prevalence. METHODS:Australian students (aged 12-17 years) participating in a national survey conducted triennially between 1993 and 2008 (sample size range 12 314-16 611). The outcome measure was students' ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White VM,Durkin SJ,Coomber K,Wakefield MA

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Smoke-free college campuses: no ifs, ands or toxic butts.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To better estimate the burden of toxic cigarette butt waste and create awareness of the hazardous nature of cigarette butts on two large university campuses in San Diego by organizing and conducting student cigarette butt clean-up activities. METHODS:Two separate campus-wide clean-ups were conducted by stude...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sawdey M,Lindsay RP,Novotny TE

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Productivity burden of smoking in Australia: a life table modelling study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to examine the impact of smoking on productivity in Australia, in terms of years of life lost, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) lost and the novel measure of productivity-adjusted life years (PALYs) lost. METHODS:Life table modelling using contemporary Australian data simulated follow-up...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Owen AJ,Maulida SB,Zomer E,Liew D

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Educational inequalities in smoking cessation trends in Italy, 1982-2002.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/AIM:Smoking prevalence rates are declining in most industrialised countries, partly because of growing cessation rates. However, little is known on recent time-trends in smoking cessation by socioeconomic position. This study aims to estimate educational inequalities in smoking cessation trends in Italy betw...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Federico B,Costa G,Ricciardi W,Kunst AE

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge of the health impacts of smoking and public attitudes towards tobacco control in the former Soviet Union.

    abstract:AIMS:To describe levels of knowledge on the harmful effects of tobacco and public support for tobacco control measures in nine countries of the former Soviet Union and to examine the characteristics associated with this knowledge and support. METHODS:Standardised, cross-sectional nationally representative surveys cond...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roberts B,Stickley A,Gilmore AB,Danishevski K,Kizilova K,Bryden A,Rotman D,Haerpfer C,McKee M

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Toxicant content, physical properties and biological activity of waterpipe tobacco smoke and its tobacco-free alternatives.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Waterpipe smoking using sweetened, flavoured tobacco products has become a widespread global phenomenon. In this paper, we review chemical, physical and biological properties of waterpipe smoke. DATA SOURCES:Peer-reviewed publications indexed in major databases between 1991 and 2014. Search keywords include...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shihadeh A,Schubert J,Klaiany J,El Sabban M,Luch A,Saliba NA

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • South African platinum mine employees reduce smoking in 5 years.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:South Africa adopted comprehensive tobacco control policies in the 1990s. Smoking has since declined in the general population, but there is little information on the effect of the campaign in labour-intensive industries, especially the mining industry where workers are exposed to dust, which may interact wi...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheyip MY,Nelson G,Ross MH,Murray J

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Electronic cigarettes and nicotine clinical pharmacology.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To review the available literature evaluating electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) nicotine clinical pharmacology in order to understand the potential impact of e-cigarettes on individual users, nicotine dependence and public health. METHODS:Literature searches were conducted between 1 October 2012 and 30 Sept...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schroeder MJ,Hoffman AC

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Initial impact of the new Australian tobacco health warnings on knowledge and beliefs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:New health warnings and contents labelling on tobacco products were introduced in Australia in 1995. OBJECTIVE:To assess awareness of the new warnings at a time when a mix of packs with old and new warnings were being sold and on changes in relevant knowledge and attitudes from shortly before the implementa...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borland R,Hill D

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Modelling the impact of a new tobacco product: review of Philip Morris International's Population Health Impact Model as applied to the IQOS heated tobacco product.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We review the Population Health Impact Model (PHIM) developed by Philip Morris International and used in its application to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market its heated tobacco product (HTP), IQOS, as a modified-risk tobacco product (MRTP). We assess the model against FDA guidelines for MRT...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Max WB,Sung HY,Lightwood J,Wang Y,Yao T

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking epidemic in Europe in the 21st century.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate smoking-attributable mortality in the long-term future in 29 European countries using a novel data-driven forecasting approach that integrates the wave pattern of the smoking epidemic and the cohort dimension. METHODS:We estimated and forecasted age-specific and age-standardised smoking-attributa...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Janssen F,El Gewily S,Bardoutsos A

    更新日期:2020-08-07 00:00:00

  • Tobacco Institute lobbying at the state and local levels of government in the 1990s.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe variation in Tobacco Institute (TI) lobbying expenditures across states and test whether these expenditures vary in relationship to measures of tobacco control activity at the state level. INDEPENDENT VARIABLE:Data for this study came from the TI's State Activities Division (SAD) annual budgets f...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morley CP,Cummings KM,Hyland A,Giovino GA,Horan JK

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Discrepancies in the Brazilian tobacco production chain: raw inputs, international trade and legal cigarette production.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The significant market share of illicit cigarettes in Brazil is well established in the literature, nonetheless lacking clarity in terms of its actual size. Paraguay has a paramount role in this discussion, acting both as a supplier of illegal tobacco products to Brazil and as buyer of inputs from Brazil. A ...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ribeiro LSL,Pinto VDC

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Educational inequalities in smoking among men and women aged 16 years and older in 11 European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine those groups who are at increased risk of smoking related diseases, we assessed in which male and female generations smoking was more prevalent among lower educated groups than among the higher educated, in 11 European countries. DESIGN:Cross sectional analysis of data on smoking, covering the y...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huisman M,Kunst AE,Mackenbach JP

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of newspaper coverage and a media campaign on smokers' support for smoke-free bars and restaurants and on secondhand smoke harm awareness: findings from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the influence of newspaper coverage and a media campaign about Dutch smoke-free legislation on smokers' support for smoke-free bars and restaurants and on secondhand smoke (SHS) harm awareness. DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:A content analysis was conducted of 1041 newspaper articles on the smoke...

    journal_title:Tobacco control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagelhout GE,van den Putte B,de Vries H,Crone M,Fong GT,Willemsen MC

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00