From neighborhood design and food options to residents' weight status.


:This study examined associations of accessibility, availability, price, and quality of food choices and neighborhood urban design with weight status and utilitarian walking. To account for self-selection bias, data on adult residents of a middle-to-high-income neighborhood were used. Participants kept a 2-day activity/travel diary and self-reported socio-demographics, height, and weight. Geographic Information Systems data were used to objectively quantify walking-related aspects of urban design, and number of and distance to food outlets within respondents' 1km residential buffers. Food outlets were audited for availability, price, and quality of healthful food choices. Number of convenience stores and in-store healthful food choices were positively related to walking for errands which, in turn, was predictive of lower risk of being overweight/obese. Negative associations with overweight/obesity unexplained by walking were found for number of grocery stores and healthful food choices in sit-down restaurants. Aspects of urban form and food environment were associated with walking for eating purposes which, however, was not predictive of overweight/obesity. Access to diverse destinations, food outlets and healthful food choices may promote pedestrian activity and contribute to better weight regulation. Accessibility and availability of healthful food choices may lower the risk of overweight/obesity by providing opportunities for healthier dietary patterns.






Cerin E,Frank LD,Sallis JF,Saelens BE,Conway TL,Chapman JE,Glanz K




Has Abstract


2011-06-01 00:00:00
















  • The evolutionary psychology of hunger.

    abstract::An evolutionary psychological perspective suggests that emotions can be understood as coordinating mechanisms whose job is to regulate various psychological and physiological programs in the service of solving an adaptive problem. This paper suggests that it may also be fruitful to approach hunger from this coordinati...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Shawaf L

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between trauma and weight status among adolescents in eating disorder treatment.

    abstract::A relationship between trauma and eating disorders in adolescence is well established, though less is known about how different types of trauma, apart from childhood sexual abuse, associate with eating disorders. The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of various trauma types in a clinical sample of ad...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hicks White AA,Pratt KJ,Cottrill C

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of emotional awareness and parental bonding on emotional eating in obese women.

    abstract::This study aimed to: (1) determine whether obese women have deficits in emotional awareness and more frequently use emotional eating to regulate their emotions, (2) assess the impact of emotional awareness on the use of emotional eating, and (3) explore the impact of parental bonding on patient level of emotional awar...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rommel D,Nandrino JL,Ducro C,Andrieux S,Delecourt F,Antoine P

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • We should de-emphasize the importance of the role we give amines in the LH syndrome.

    abstract::Once amines were implicated in the lateral hypothalamic syndrome, it became accepted that the dominant cause of many of its symptoms was an alteration in amines. We suggest that corticofugal fiber damage may produce some of the behavioral symptoms usually attributed to amine alterations. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whishaw IQ,Kolb B

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Investigating the role of parent and child characteristics in healthy eating intervention outcomes.

    abstract::While numerous studies have investigated the efficacy of interventions at increasing children's vegetable consumption, little research has examined the effect of individual characteristics on intervention outcomes. In previous research, interventions consisting of modelling and rewards have been shown to increase chil...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Holley CE,Farrow C,Haycraft E

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • How negative experiences shape long-term food preferences. Fifty years from the World War II combat front.

    abstract::How does a person's first experience with a foreign or unfamiliar food shape their long-term preference and behavior toward that food? To investigate this, 493 American veterans of World War II were surveyed about their preference for Japanese and Chinese food. Pacific veterans who experienced high levels of combat ha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wansink B,van Ittersum K,Werle C

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Food security and food insecurity in Europe: An analysis of the academic discourse (1975-2013).

    abstract::In this paper we address the academic discourse on food insecurity and food security in Europe as expressed in articles published in scientific journals in the period 1975 to 2013. The analysis indicates that little knowledge has been produced on this subject, and that the limited research that has been produced tends...


    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章,评审


    authors: Borch A,Kjærnes U

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Combining the role of convenience and consideration set size in explaining fish consumption in Norway.

    abstract::The purpose of this study is to explore how convenience orientation, perceived product inconvenience and consideration set size are related to attitudes towards fish and fish consumption. The authors present a structural equation model (SEM) based on the integration of two previous studies. The results of a SEM analys...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rortveit AW,Olsen SO

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • College students' mental models for recognizing anorexia and bulimia nervosa.

    abstract::Knowledge about eating disorders influences lay people's ability to recognize individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and refer them to professional treatment. We assessed mental models (stored knowledge) of AN and BN in 106 college students. Results indicated that most students have general, b...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hunt JS,Rothman AJ

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intermittent feeding alters sensitivity to changes in reward value.

    abstract::The influence of binge-like feeding schedules on subsequent food-related behavior is not well understood. We investigated the effect of repeated cycles of restriction and refeeding on two food-related behaviors; goal-directed responding for a palatable food reward and sensory-specific satiety. Hungry rats were trained...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parkes SL,Furlong TM,Black AD,Balleine BW

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • "Healthy", "usual" and "convenience" cooking practices patterns: How do they influence children's food consumption?

    abstract::This study identified adults' cooking practices patterns and tested their associations with children's consumption of ultra-processed foods. Cross-sectional study conducted with 551 adult-child pairs from São Paulo, Brazil. Children's food consumption was collected through dietary recalls. Adults' cooking practices we...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martins CA,Andrade GC,Oliveira MFB,Rauber F,Castro IRR,Couto MT,Levy RB

    更新日期:2021-03-01 00:00:00

  • Integration of ethnic food into Swedish food rituals. The cultural fitness of tacos.

    abstract::This paper explores the meaning of the Mexican dish tacos for Swedish consumers. As such, this study examines the relationship between ethnic food and food culture in light of contemporary changing food rituals. The results reveal that the Swedish food ritual of Friday dinner can be enacted through eating tacos. Frida...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solér C,Plazas MC

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • In good company. The effect of an eating companion's appearance on food intake.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not the presence of an overweight eating companion influences healthy and unhealthy eating behavior, and to determine if the effect is moderated by how the companion serves herself. A professional actress either wore an overweight prosthesis (i.e., "fatsuit") or did ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Shimizu M,Johnson K,Wansink B

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Transparency of the meat chain in the light of food culture and history.

    abstract::Current patterns of meat consumption are considered to be unsustainable. Sustainable development may require that consumers choose to eat smaller quantities of meat as well as meat that is produced in a more sensible way. A policy tool directed at consumer behaviour is that of enhancing consumer-oriented transparency ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoogland CT,de Boer J,Boersema JJ

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • The child's conception of food: differentiation of categories of rejected substances in the 16 months to 5 year age range.

    abstract::Children (N = 54) ranging in age from one year four months to five years were offered over 30 items to eat. The items included normal adult foods and exemplars of different adult rejection categories: disgust (e.g. grasshopper, hair), danger (liquid dish soap), inappropriate (e.g. paper, leaf) and unacceptable combina...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rozin P,Hammer L,Oster H,Horowitz T,Marmora V

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • Consumer concerns and expectations about novel food processing technologies: effects on product liking.

    abstract::Eighty-eight consumers participated in a blind pre-test in which they rated their baseline preference for chocolate pudding, their liking of three tasted brands of chocolate pudding, and their level of concern for 20 different food processing and preservation technologies. All returned one month later and tasted the s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cardello AV

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • All I saw was the cake. Hunger effects on attentional capture by visual food cues.

    abstract::While effects of hunger on motivation and food reward value are well-established, far less is known about the effects of hunger on cognitive processes. Here, we deployed the emotional blink of attention paradigm to investigate the impact of visual food cues on attentional capture under conditions of hunger and satiety...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piech RM,Pastorino MT,Zald DH

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Expectancies, dietary restraint, and test meal intake among undergraduate women.

    abstract::This study investigated the relationship between self-reported dietary restraint and expectancies about caloric content on test meal consumption among undergraduate women. Participants completed two test meal sessions during which they were asked to consume as much milkshake from a covered opaque container as they wis...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sysko R,Timothy Walsh B,Terence Wilson G

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • The sixth taste?

    abstract::Five taste qualities are recognized in humans: sweet, bitter, sour, salty, and umami. Rats and some other species may also have a sixth taste. Behavioral and electrophysiological data suggest that rats can taste polysaccharides derived from starch. Furthermore, the tastes of sugars and polysaccharides appear to differ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sclafani A

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition knowledge and Mediterranean diet adherence in the southeast United States: Validation of a field-based survey instrument.

    abstract::The Mediterranean diet (MD) can reduce chronic disease risk and is a recommended diet for prevention and management of diabetes. Adherence to the MD in the southeast United States where obesity and diabetes are highly prevalent is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to: 1) construct a survey instrument relev...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bottcher MR,Marincic PZ,Nahay KL,Baerlocher BE,Willis AW,Park J,Gaillard P,Greene MW

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Feeding infants and young children. From guidelines to practice-conclusions and future directions.

    abstract::Infant feeding is a challenging and intricate process. Food intake is shaped by prior experience of flavours derived from the maternal diet in utero and via human milk, by ongoing experience of foods eaten during the first years of life including the variety, types and frequency of foods offered. The ways in which par...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vereijken CM,Weenen H,Hetherington MM

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Can you have your meat and eat it too? Conscientious omnivores, vegetarians, and adherence to diet.

    abstract::As criticisms of factory farming continue to mount, an increasing number of individuals have changed their existing dietary practices. Perhaps the two most important food movements reacting against industrial farming are (1) vegetarianism, the avoidance of animal flesh; and (2) conscientious omnivorism (CO), the consu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rothgerber H

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differential effects of planning and self-efficacy on fruit and vegetable consumption.

    abstract::To change dietary behaviors, people must be motivated to do so. But intentions often do not translate into behavior. Strategic planning (as a mediator) is expected to move people from intention to action. However, individuals who lack perceived self-efficacy might fail to apply their plans when encountering challengin...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richert J,Reuter T,Wiedemann AU,Lippke S,Ziegelmann J,Schwarzer R

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Functional food and satiety. Impact of a satiating context effect on appetite control of non-obese men.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to verify if the addition of satiating nutrients and a satiating context effect could influence appetite sensations, spontaneous energy intake and food appreciation under conditions of standardized energy density of a meal. Eighteen non-obese men were submitted to a control, a satiating, and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arguin H,Gagnon-Sweeney M,Pigeon É,Tremblay A

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Agreement between two methods of dietary data collection in female adolescent netball players.

    abstract::The accuracy of a combined dietary data collection method (self-reported, weighed food diary and 24-h recall technique) in 13 female, adolescent netball players (14-16 years) was explored. The girls were observed for a 12 h period (08:00-20:00), during which food and drink items were available ad libitum throughout th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rumbold PL,St Clair Gibson A,Stevenson E,Dodd-Reynolds CJ

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • A bio-cultural approach to the study of food choice: The contribution of taste genetics, population and culture.

    abstract::The study of food choice, one of the most complex human traits, requires an integrated approach that takes into account environmental, socio-cultural and biological diversity. We recruited 183 volunteers from four geo-linguistic groups and highly diversified in terms of both genetic background and food habits from who...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Risso DS,Giuliani C,Antinucci M,Morini G,Garagnani P,Tofanelli S,Luiselli D

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reward sensitivity and food addiction in women.

    abstract::Sensitivity to the rewarding properties of appetitive substances has long been implicated in excessive consumption of palatable foods and drugs of abuse. Previous research focusing on individual differences in reward responsiveness has found heightened trait reward sensitivity to be associated with binge-eating, hazar...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loxton NJ,Tipman RJ

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Appetite sensations and satiety quotient: predictors of energy intake and weight loss.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to further evaluate the validity and clinical meaningfulness of appetite sensations to predict overall energy intake as well as body weight loss. METHODS:Men (n = 176) and women (n = 139) involved in six weight loss studies were selected to participate in this study. Visual analogue s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drapeau V,King N,Hetherington M,Doucet E,Blundell J,Tremblay A

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Brain and behavioral perturbations in rats following Western diet access.

    abstract::Energy dense "Western" diets (WD) are known to cause obesity as well as learning and memory impairments, blood-brain barrier damage, and psychological disturbances. Impaired glucose (GLUT1) and monocarboxylate (MCT1) transport may play a role in diet-induced dementia development. In contrast, ketogenic diets (KD) have...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hargrave SL,Davidson TL,Lee TJ,Kinzig KP

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Increased restrictive feeding practices are associated with reduced energy density in 4-6-year-old, multi-ethnic children at ad libitum laboratory test-meals.

    abstract::Increased reports of restrictive feeding have shown positive relationships to child obesity, however, the mechanism between the two has not been elucidated. This study examined the relationship between reported use of restrictive feeding practices and 4-6-year-old children's self-selected energy density (ED) and total...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sud S,Tamayo NC,Faith MS,Keller KL

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00