Chemical speciation of trivalent actinides and lanthanides in biological fluids: the dominant in vitro binding form of curium(III) and europium(III) in human urine.

Abstract:

:Radionuclides represent a serious health risk to humans in the case of incorporation. To elucidate the potential of time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) to determine the dominant radionuclide species in natural biofluids, we investigated the in vitro speciation of curium(III) in human urine samples. Because in speciation studies trivalent lanthanides are often used as analogues for trivalent actinides, we also probed the suitability of this theory by investigating the speciation of europium(III) in human urine. Comparison with reference spectra of both heavy metals in model urine and of their complexes with single organic and inorganic urine constituents then allowed for the determination of the dominant species. Furthermore, the chemical composition of all urine samples was analyzed, and the parameters affecting the speciation of the metals were determined. The pH was found to be the most important parameter because for both, the actinide and the lanthanide, two analogue species were identified in dependence on the pH. In samples with slightly acidic pH a curium(III) and europium(III) citrate complex dominates, respectively, whereas in samples with near-neutral pH a higher complex with phosphate and calcium as the main ligands and the additional participation of citrate and/or carbonate is formed in each case. Comparison with thermodynamic modeling yields some discrepancies, especially at higher pH, which is due to a lack of data for the complex formation of the higher species for both heavy metals. Nevertheless, TRLFS has proven to be a suitable method for the direct determination of the dominant heavy metal species in untreated natural human urine samples.

journal_name

Chem Res Toxicol

authors

Heller A,Barkleit A,Bernhard G

doi

10.1021/tx100273g

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-02-18 00:00:00

pages

193-203

issue

2

eissn

0893-228X

issn

1520-5010

journal_volume

24

pub_type

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