Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to chronic kidney disease and periodontitis.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIMS:Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are serious public-health concerns. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroid hormone that interacts with its nuclear receptor (VDR) to regulate a variety of biological processes, such as bone metabolism, immune response modulation and transcription of several genes involved in CKD and PD disease mechanisms. The aim of this work was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in the VDR gene and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and PD. METHODS:222 subjects with and without ESRD (in hemodialysis) were divided into groups with and without PD. Polymorphisms TaqI and BsmI in the VDR gene were analyzed by PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism. The significance of differences in allele, genotype and haplotype frequencies between groups was assessed by the chi2 test (p value <0.05) and odds ratio (OR). RESULTS:Allele G was associated with protection against ESRD: groups without versus with ESRD (GG) x (GA+AA): OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.4-4.6, p = 0.00; (G x A): OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.0-2.3, p = 0.02; (TG + CG) x (TA + CA): OR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.0-2.3, p = 0.02. No association was observed between the study polymorphisms and susceptibility to or protection against PD. CONCLUSION:Allele G of the VDR BsmI polymorphism was associated with protection against ESRD.

journal_name

Blood Purif

journal_title

Blood purification

authors

de Souza CM,Braosi AP,Luczyszyn SM,Avila AR,de Brito RB Jr,Ignácio SA,Probst CM,Riella MC,Sotomaior VS,Mira MT,Pecoits-Filho R,Trevilatto PC

doi

10.1159/000109235

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2007-01-01 00:00:00

pages

411-9

issue

5-6

eissn

0253-5068

issn

1421-9735

pii

000109235

journal_volume

25

pub_type

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