Sudden retinal manifestations of intranasal cocaine and methamphetamine abuse.


:We examined two patients who had sudden decrease in vision after intranasal cocaine or methamphetamine abuse. A 38-year-old woman with a history of systemic arterial hypertension developed a central retinal artery occlusion four hours after intranasal use of cocaine. A 26-year-old woman had blurred vision and intraretinal hemorrhages shortly after using methamphetamine nasally. The adrenomimetic response and sudden increase in blood pressure associated with the intranasal use of these drugs may have contributed to the retinal vascular manifestations observed in these patients.


Am J Ophthalmol


Wallace RT,Brown GC,Benson W,Sivalingham A




Has Abstract


1992-08-15 00:00:00














  • Height measurement of astigmatic test surfaces by a keratoscope that uses plane geometry surface reconstruction.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To assess the accuracy with which the Keratron keratoscope (Optikon 2000, Rome, Italy) measured astigmatic test surfaces by a profile reconstruction algorithm within a plane geometry model and to discriminate between error caused by the model and error caused by other factors. METHODS:Height was reported by th...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tripoli NK,Cohen KL,Obla P,Coggins JM,Holmgren DE

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Supervoltage orbital radiotherapy in 36 cases of Graves' disease.

    abstract::Thirty-six patients who had clinically progressive Graves' dysthyroid orbitopathy were treated with supervoltage orbital radiotherapy. Twenty-three of the patients had discontinued the use of orally administered prednisone after developing intolerable side effects. Medical contraindications prevented seven patients fr...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lloyd WC 3rd,Leone CR Jr

    更新日期:1992-04-15 00:00:00

  • The treatment of Graves' ophthalmopathy in an incidence cohort.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine the frequencies of medical and surgical treatments in an incidence cohort of 120 patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. METHODS:We reviewed the community medical records and administered a follow-up questionnaire. RESULTS:Of the 120 patients, 89 (74.2%) required either no therapy or only supportiv...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bartley GB,Fatourechi V,Kadrmas EF,Jacobsen SJ,Ilstrup DM,Garrity JA,Gorman CA

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • High-frequency Doppler ultrasound examination of blood flow in the anterior segment of the eye.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To show that extending Doppler imaging into the high-frequency domain could allow detection and characterization of blood flow in small arterioles and capillaries. METHODS:A 40-MHz continuous wave Doppler system and a 60-MHz pulsed-wave Doppler system were constructed, tested, and used to examine the ciliary b...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pavlin CJ,Christopher DA,Burns PN,Foster FS

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • Morphological Characteristics and Risk Factors of Myopic Maculopathy in an Older High Myopia Population-Based on the New Classification System (ATN).

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the characteristics, mergers, and risk factors of different types of myopic maculopathy (MM) in a highly myopic population. DESIGN:Population-based, cross-sectional study. METHODS:A total of 1086 eyes (762 patients) were enrolled. Each participant underwent detailed ocular examinations. Combini...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Q,He J,Hu G,Xu X,Lv H,Yin Y,Zou H,Zhu J,Fan Y,Xu X

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Indocyanine green angiography in the diagnosis of retinal arterial macroaneurysms associated with submacular and preretinal hemorrhages: a case series.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report the use of indocyanine green angiography in the diagnosis of retinal arterial macroaneurysms associated with preretinal and subretinal hemorrhage. METHODS:Retrospective case series. Indocyanine green angiograms of five consecutive patients with dense preretinal, intraretinal, and subretinal hemorrhag...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Townsend-Pico WA,Meyers SM,Lewis H

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Spontaneous resolution of foveal detachments and macular breaks.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the mechanism of spontaneous resolution of foveal detachments and idiopathic macular breaks. METHODS:We reviewed the records of 139 consecutive eyes (94 patients) with either a foveal detachment or a macular break in patients who were examined between 1989 and 1992. There were 26 men and 68 women (...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kakehashi A,Schepens CL,Akiba J,Hikichi T,Trempe CL

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of three methods of measuring corneal thickness and anterior chamber depth.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To compare three different methods of measuring corneal thickness (CT) and anterior chamber depth (ACD). DESIGN:Prospective clinical trial (Medical University of Vienna, Austria). METHODS:Central CT (CCT), CT at four peripheral points, and central ACD were measured in 88 eyes of 44 healthy subjects with the P...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Buehl W,Stojanac D,Sacu S,Drexler W,Findl O

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • An unusual complication from esthetic injection of liquid silicone into the forehead.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a case of migration of liquid silicone into the upper eyelid. DESIGN:Interventional case report. METHODS:A 32-year-old woman had an injection of liquid silicone into the subcutaneous tissue of the forehead. She developed a cystic mass in the upper eyelid 2 days postinjection. An excisional biopsy wa...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tirakunwichcha S,Tulvatana W,Kulvichit K

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Optimizing treatment of choroidal neovascularization feeder vessels associated with age-related macular degeneration.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To optimize the method of treating choroidal neovascularization (CNV) associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN:Experimental study and interventional case series. METHODS:The parameters associated with locating and then photocoagulating CNV feeder vessels were identified and optimized usi...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flower RW

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Color fundus photography versus fluorescein angiography in identification of the macular center and zone in retinopathy of prematurity.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To examine the usefulness of fluorescein angiography (FA) in identifying the macular center and diagnosis of zone in patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). DESIGN:Validity and reliability analysis of diagnostic tools. METHODS:Thirty-two sets (16 color fundus photographs and 16 color fundus photograph...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patel SN,Klufas MA,Ryan MC,Jonas KE,Ostmo S,Martinez-Castellanos MA,Berrocal AM,Chiang MF,Chan RV

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Retinotomy and foveal translocation for surgical management of subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a surgical procedure for excising subfoveal neovascular membranes and translocating the fovea in an attempt to maintain the function of the sensory retina to preserve central vision, based on the technique of macular relocation. METHODS:Three patients with subfoveal neovascular membranes underwent su...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ninomiya Y,Lewis JM,Hasegawa T,Tano Y

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Excess lead in the neural retina in age-related macular degeneration.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To measure lead and cadmium in retinal tissues of human donor eyes with and without age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN:Laboratory investigation. METHODS:Lead and cadmium concentrations in retinal tissues (neural retina and retinal pigment epithelium [RPE]-choroid complex) in 25 subjects with AMD (...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erie JC,Good JA,Butz JA

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral choroidal osteomas associated with fatal systemic illness.

    abstract::An 11-year-old black boy complained of intermittent occipital headaches with nausea and projectile vomiting. Previous skin and lung biopsy specimens were interpreted as histiocytosis X. Cranial computed tomographic scanning disclosed a mass lesion in the region of the choroid plexus of the left lateral ventricle. This...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kline LB,Skalka HW,Davidson JD,Wilmes FJ

    更新日期:1982-02-01 00:00:00

  • Outcome of cataract operations performed to permit diagnosis, to determine eligibility for laser therapy, or to perform laser therapy of retinal disorders.

    abstract::Cataract operations may be recommended when retinal disease is suspected but cannot be adequately diagnosed or treated because of lens opacity. We evaluated the outcome of cataract operations performed under those circumstances. We reviewed the records of 119 patients who were examined at the Wilmer Retinal Vascular C...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edwards MG,Schachat AP,Bressler SB,Bressler NM

    更新日期:1994-10-15 00:00:00

  • Localized infection by Serratia marcescens simulating a conjunctival neoplasm.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To report a Serratia marcescens infection that clinically simulated a conjunctival neoplasm. METHOD:Case report. RESULTS:A healthy 80-year-old man without contact lenses presented with a pink-yellow conjunctival mass that resembled a solid neoplasm. Stains and cultures of material that exuded from the mass du...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shields JA,Shields CL,Eagle RC Jr,Moster M

    更新日期:2000-02-01 00:00:00

  • Gevokizumab in the Treatment of Autoimmune Non-necrotizing Anterior Scleritis: Results of a Phase I/II Clinical Trial.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of gevokizumab, an anti-interleukin 1β (IL-1β) monoclonal antibody, in the treatment of active, noninfectious, non-necrotizing anterior scleritis. DESIGN:Phase 1/2, open label, nonrandomized, prospective, single-arm pilot trial. METHODS:Eight patients with active,...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Knickelbein JE,Tucker WR,Bhatt N,Armbrust K,Valent D,Obiyor D,Nussenblatt RB,Sen HN

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Retinal trypsin digest study of cystoid macular edema associated with peripheral choroidal melanoma.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Although the association of cystoid macular edema with peripheral choroidal melanoma has been studied previously, the pathogenesis of cystoid macular edema as evaluated by light and electron microscopy remains controversial. We evaluated the cause of cystoid macular edema at the retinal capillary level. METHOD...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Michael JC,De Venecia G

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00

  • Direct Versus Indirect Corneal Neurotization for the Treatment of Neurotrophic Keratopathy: A Multicenter Prospective Comparative Study.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To analyze the comparative safety and efficacy of two techniques of corneal neurotization (CN) (direct corneal neurotization [DCN] vs indirect corneal neurotization [ICN]) for the treatment of neurotrophic keratopathy (NK). DESIGN:Multicenter interventional prospective comparative case series. METHODS:This st...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Fogagnolo P,Giannaccare G,Bolognesi F,Digiuni M,Tranchina L,Rossetti L,Dipinto A,Allevi F,Lozza A,Rabbiosi D,Mariani S,Pellegrini M,Cazzola FE,Bagaglia S,Mazzotta C,Gabriele G,Gennaro P,Badiali G,Marchetti C,Campos

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in a patient with descemetocele following gonococcal keratitis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe the presentation and subsequent management of a case of severe gonococcal keratitis in a young man. DESIGN:Case report. METHODS:A young man presented with severe gonococcal keratitis. Topical and systemic antibiotics were given with no improvement, and progressive corneal melting was noted. Deep l...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tong L,Tan DT,Abańo JM,Lim L

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • AIDS and ophthalmology: the first quarter century.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To describe changes in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic that are important to ophthalmologists, to provide an overview of issues relevant to current evaluation and treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related eye disease, and to identify problems related to the eye and vision th...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Holland GN

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of corneal allograft rejection on the long-term outcome of corneal transplantation.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To examine the influence of corneal allograft rejection on the survival of penetrating corneal transplantation, to review the status of conventional therapies to improve graft survival, and to consider prospects for alternative approaches to reduce the impact of rejection. DESIGN:Perspective, including prospec...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Coster DJ,Williams KA

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Stroke Risk and Risk Factors in Patients With Central Retinal Artery Occlusion.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is mechanistically similar to a stroke. Current guidelines recommend a standardized and systematic evaluation of risk factors for patients who have had a stroke. This study evaluates the yield of this evaluation in patients with CRAO and frequency of stroke in this popula...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lavin P,Patrylo M,Hollar M,Espaillat KB,Kirshner H,Schrag M

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Unplanned extracapsular cataract extraction in postvitrectomy eyes.

    abstract::A 70-year-old man, a 59-year-old woman, and a 57-year-old woman underwent pars plana vitrectomy. In all three cases, cataracts developed in the eyes that had been operated on. During cataract extraction, which included massage of the globe after retrobulbar anesthesia and a conventional ab externo incision, loss of le...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meyers SM,Klein R,Chandra S,Myers FL

    更新日期:1978-11-01 00:00:00

  • Vitreous surgery for macular pucker.

    abstract::Vitreous surgery techniques can be used to remove epiretinal tissue associated with various ocular conditions when this tissue covers, distorts, or detaches the macula and causes visual loss. Because the postoperative visual acuity is often between 6/9 (20/30) and 6/30 (20/100), we usually operate on eyes with preoper...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Michels RG

    更新日期:1981-11-01 00:00:00

  • Peripheral Pigmented Retinal Lesions in Stargardt Disease.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the prevalence of peripheral pigmented retinal lesions and associated clinical findings in patients with Stargardt disease. DESIGN:Retrospective case series. METHODS:Records at a single academic institution were reviewed for patients with genetically confirmed Stargardt disease with peripheral ...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao PY,Abalem MF,Nadelman D,Qian CX,Branham K,Schlegel D,Khan N,Heckenlively JR,Jayasundera T

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Choroidal leiomyoma of vascular origin.

    abstract::A 57-year-old man had a clinically suspected malignant melanoma in his left eye. On microscopic study, the enucleated eye harbored an unusual choroidal tumor that had extended extraocularly. This tumor had been variously interpreted microscopically as an angiosarcoma, an atpical angioma, a glioma, or a neurilemoma. El...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakobiec FA,Witschel H,Zimmerman LE

    更新日期:1976-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatocyte growth factor levels in the vitreous of patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine whether the hepatocyte growth factor is increased in the vitreous of patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS:We assayed hepatocyte growth factor levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in vitreous samples from 65 consecutive eyes (65 patients) with proliferative vitreore...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mitamura Y,Takeuchi S,Matsuda A,Tagawa Y,Mizue Y,Nishihira J

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • A makeshift retinoscopy rack.

    abstract::A simple makeshift retinoscopy rack consists of various trial lenses placed into the slots of a nonfrosted, 35-mm slide viewing sheet. It is useful in determining the patient's refractive error at the bedside and in the operating room. ...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wing GL

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of cataract surgery on ocular levels of topical moxifloxacin.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To investigate the effect of cataract surgery on the concentration of moxifloxacin in aqueous and vitreous humor after topical application. DESIGN:Prospective laboratory intervention using a rabbit model. METHODS:Following topical administration of 0.5% moxifloxacin, 60 minutes before surgery and immediately ...

    journal_title:American journal of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mather R,Stewart JM,Prabriputaloong T,Wong J,McLeod SD

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00