Dreams and exposure therapy in PTSD.


:Exposure therapy is a well-established treatment for PTSD that requires the patient to focus on and describe the details of a traumatic experience. Nightmares that refer to or replicate traumatic experiences are prominent and distressing symptoms of PTSD and appear to exacerbate the disorder. With this apparent paradox in mind, exposure therapy and the literature on sleep and PTSD are reviewed in the context of the relationship between therapeutic exposure and exposure to trauma-related stimuli that occurs in dreams. It is concluded that nightmares that replay the trauma and disrupt sleep do not meet requirements for therapeutic exposure, whereas other dreaming may aid in the recovery from trauma.


J Trauma Stress


Rothbaum BO,Mellman TA




Has Abstract


2001-07-01 00:00:00












  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Clusters in Service Members Predict New-Onset Depression Among Military Spouses.

    abstract::Military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought increased attention to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members and, more recently, its impact on spouses. Existing research has demonstrated that PTSD among service members is associated with depression among military spouses. In the current s...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walter KH,LeardMann CA,Carballo CE,McMaster HS,Donoho CJ,Stander VA

    更新日期:2020-09-03 00:00:00

  • Neurocomputational Changes in Inhibitory Control Associated With Prolonged Exposure Therapy.

    abstract::Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with inhibitory control dysfunction that extends beyond difficulties inhibiting trauma-related intrusions. Inhibitory learning has been proposed as a potential mechanism of change underlying the effectiveness of extinction-based therapies such as prolonged exposure (P...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harlé KM,Spadoni AD,Norman SB,Simmons AN

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking in Vietnam combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::The present study investigated smoking prevalence, smoking motives, demographic variables and psychological symptoms in 124 help-seeking, male Vietnam combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A high percentage of these veterans smoked (60%). Vietnam veterans with PTSD who smoked were more likely tha...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beckham JC,Roodman AA,Shipley RH,Hertzberg MA,Cunha GH,Kudler HS,Levin ED,Rose JE,Fairbank JA

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Consequences of the Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for the ICD-11 on the Prevalence of PTSD in Children and Adolescents.

    abstract::In 2013, a working group of the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed a reformulation of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria for the upcoming 11(th) edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11; Maercker, Brewin, Bryant, Cloitre, van Ommeren, et al., 2013). This study inv...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sachser C,Goldbeck L

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress, mental health professionals, and the clergy: a need for collaboration, training, and research.

    abstract::This article addresses the need for improved clergy-mental health professional collaboration in the assessment and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Tens of millions of North Americans with personal problems seek the counsel of clergy. There is an absence of research on the function of clergy as helpe...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Weaver AJ,Koenig HG,Ochberg FM

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship Between Peer Victimization and Posttraumatic Stress Among Primary School Children.

    abstract::Peer victimization is a common stressor experienced by children. Although peer victimization has been studied extensively, few studies have examined the potential link between peer victimization and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and no studies of which we are aware have examined this link among children in pri...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Litman L,Costantino G,Waxman R,Sanabria-Velez C,Rodriguez-Guzman VM,Lampon-Velez A,Brown R,Cruz T

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • The reported prevalence of physical and sexual abuse among a sample of children and adolescents at a public psychiatric hospital.

    abstract::In this retrospective analysis of inpatient charts, a total of 298 children and adolescents admitted to a public psychiatric hospital over a 1-year period were examined for the prevalence of reported histories of physical or sexual abuse. Physical abuse was reported in 15% of the cases, while sexual abuse occurred in ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Randall EJ,Josephson AM,Chowanec G,Thyer BA

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence of Shared Genome-Wide Additive Genetic Effects on Interpersonal Trauma Exposure and Generalized Vulnerability to Drug Dependence in a Population of Substance Users.

    abstract::Exposure to traumatic experiences is associated with an increased risk for drug dependence and poorer response to substance abuse treatment (Claus & Kindleberger, 2002; Jaycox, Ebener, Damesek, & Becker, 2004). Despite this evidence, the reasons for the observed associations of trauma and the general tendency to be de...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmer RH,Nugent NR,Brick LA,Bidwell CL,McGeary JE,Keller MC,Knopik VS

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociative processes and symptoms of posttraumatic stress in Vietnam veterans.

    abstract::The diagnostic taxonomy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a contentious issue. Commentators are divided as to whether PTSD should remain grouped with the anxiety disorders or conceptualized as a dissociative disorder. This study sought to clarify the issue by investigating the extent to which anxiety and diss...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tampke AK,Irwin HJ

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Childhood Traumatic Loss: A Secondary Analysis of Symptom Severity and Treatment Outcome.

    abstract::Loss is a commonly experienced traumatic event among children. Although the experience of loss can potentially lead to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), little is known about PTSS levels after traumatic loss versus other traumatic events. We investigated data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on trauma-focu...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unterhitzenberger J,Sachser C,Rosner R

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Are trauma narratives unique and do they predict psychological adjustment?

    abstract::Community-dwelling adults (N = 104) aged 20- to 99-years-old told narratives about neutral, positive, and worst traumatic events; they also completed mental health questionnaires. Consistent with previous research, trauma narratives were longer, and contained more somatosensory and negative bodily experience detail. R...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beaudreau SA

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • A century of controversy surrounding posttraumatic stress stress-spectrum syndromes: the impact on DSM-III and DSM-IV.

    abstract::The authors describe historical clinical reports that preceded the development of criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and influenced the formation of PTSD in DSM-IV. These reports were identified from extensive search of 19th- and 20th-century American and European medical literature. Relevant findings f...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Kinzie JD,Goetz RR

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Psychiatric morbidity following Hurricane Andrew.

    abstract::The nature of psychiatric morbidity in previously non-ill subjects from the area most affected by Hurricane Andrew was investigated at 6-12 months posthurricane. Preliminary associations of morbidity with personal and event-related risk factors were also determined. Fifty one percent (31/61) met criteria for a new-ons...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: David D,Mellman TA,Mendoza LM,Kulick-Bell R,Ironson G,Schneiderman N

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Prevalence and Longitudinal Patterns of Continuous Community Violence Exposure and Trauma-Related Symptoms in Adolescent Male Serious Offenders.

    abstract::The current study examined the longitudinal patterns of continuous exposure to community violence (ECV) and associated symptoms in serious adolescent male offenders. Using data from the Pathways to Desistance Study (Schubert et al., 2004), the current study examined the prevalence of continuous ECV and the stability i...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaylord-Harden NK,Burnside A,Tinsley D

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional adjustment in survivors of sexual assault living with HIV-AIDS.

    abstract::This study examined history of sexual assault in 357 men and women living with HIV-AIDS. Participants completed measures of demographic characteristics, sexual assault history, emotional distress and psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and sexual behaviors. Results showed that 68% of women and 35% of men living with ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalichman SC,Sikkema KJ,DiFonzo K,Luke W,Austin J

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Meta-Analysis of Associations Between Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Genes and Risk of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

    abstract::The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been of interest in attempts to identify genetic vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although numerous HPA-axis genes have been implicated in candidate gene studies, the findings are mixed and interpretation is limited by study design and methodolog...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheerin CM,Lind MJ,Bountress KE,Marraccini ME,Amstadter AB,Bacanu SA,Nugent NR

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Intolerance of Uncertainty Moderates the Association Between Potentially Morally Injurious Events and Suicide Ideation and Behavior Among Combat Veterans.

    abstract::Exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among combat veterans has been acknowledged as significant stressful combat events that may lead to mental health problems, including self-injurious thoughts and behavior (SITB). However, few studies have examined the risk and protective factors that can explain...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zerach G,Levi-Belz Y

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health needs of crime victims: epidemiology and outcomes.

    abstract::This paper reviews epidemiological estimates of criminal victimization derived largely from nationally based studies in the United States. Origins of conflicting rates and prevalences are explained in terms of varying methodology. Risk factors for victimization, including age, race, gender, and disability, are also ou...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kilpatrick DG,Acierno R

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Preliminary Development and Validation of a Trauma-Related Safety-Seeking Behavior Measure for Youth: The Child Safety Behavior Scale (CSBS).

    abstract::Safety-seeking behaviors (SSBs) may be employed after exposure to a traumatic event in an effort to prevent a feared outcome. Cognitive models of posttraumatic stress disorder propose SSBs contribute to maintaining this disorder by preventing disconfirmation of maladaptive beliefs and preserving a sense of current thr...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alberici A,Meiser-Stedman R,Claxton J,Smith P,Ehlers A,Dixon C,Mckinnon A

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Neurophysiological Correlates of Collective Trauma Recall in 2009 L'Aquila Earthquake Survivors.

    abstract::In the present study, we aimed to explore neural correlates of survivors of the 2009 L'Aquila, Italy earthquake in response to being shown pictures featuring their own city before and after an earthquake as well as those of an unfamiliar city. Moreover, we explored the associations among psychological variables and br...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Massaro G,Altavilla D,Aceto P,Pellicano GR,Lucarelli G,Luciani M,Lai C

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Social Support Moderates the Association Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Duration and Treatment Outcomes in Telemedicine-Based Treatment Among Rural Veterans.

    abstract::For patients participating in trauma-focused psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), pretreatment characteristics may moderate treatment effectiveness. For instance, preexisting supportive relationships may encourage skill utilization or provide contrasts t...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell SB,Erbes C,Grubbs K,Fortney J

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD, and Psychosocial Functioning Among Male and Female U.S. OEF/OIF Veterans.

    abstract::This study examined the unique and combined relationship between mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with psychosocial functioning in a cohort of 1,312 U.S. male and female veterans of Operations Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Iraqi Freedom (OIF) enrolled in the Veterans After-Disch...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jackson CE,Green JD,Bovin MJ,Vasterling JJ,Holowka DW,Ranganathan G,Rosen RC,Keane TM,Marx BP

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in psychiatric status and service use associated with continued compensation seeking after claim determinations for posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::This study examined changes in psychiatric status and use of VA mental health services after the adjudication of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability claims for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 101 veteran claimants. Hypotheses were based on the premise that the claims process may create i...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayer NA,Spoont M,Nelson DB,Clothier B,Murdoch M

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study.

    abstract::Although forced migration research on refugee family functioning clearly points to the potential breakdown of parental availability and responsiveness in the context of cumulative migration stressors, studies exploring attachment security in refugee children are surprisingly lacking so far. The authors report their fi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Haene L,Dalgaard NT,Montgomery E,Grietens H,Verschueren K

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Development and validation of a new instrument to assess lifetime trauma and victimization history.

    abstract::This article describes a new easy-to-administer and understand, interview-based instrument that systematically and comprehensively assesses a person's Lifetime Trauma and Victimization History (LTVH). The LTVH inquires about 30 traumas and victimization experiences (including general traumas, physical assault/abuse, s...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Widom CS,Dutton MA,Czaja SJ,DuMont KA

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Criminal victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder, and comorbid psychopathology among a community sample of women.

    abstract::This paper provides information on the relation between victimization status, crime factors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and several other psychological disorders among a community sample of women. Results indicated that victims of crime were more likely than nonvictims to suffer from PTSD, major depressive ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boudreaux E,Kilpatrick DG,Resnick HS,Best CL,Saunders BE

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Association of Combat Exposure With Postdeployment Behavioral Health Problems Among U.S. Army Enlisted Women Returning From Afghanistan or Iraq.

    abstract::An association between combat exposure and postdeployment behavioral health problems has been demonstrated among U.S. military service members returning from Afghanistan or Iraq in predominantly male samples, yet few studies have focused on the experiences of women. Using data from the longitudinal, observational Subs...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams RS,Nikitin RV,Wooten NR,Williams TV,Larson MJ

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Outcome of depression and anxiety after war: a prospective epidemiologic study of children and adolescents.

    abstract::Prospective studies of children exposed to war have not investigated disorders other than posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and have methodological limitations. From a stratified random sample of 386 children and adolescents who had been interviewed 3 weeks after war exposure (Phase 1) a random subsample (N = 143) ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karam EG,Fayyad J,Karam AN,Melhem N,Mneimneh Z,Dimassi H,Tabet CC

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dimensional analysis of the Impact of Event Scale using structural equation modeling.

    abstract::The dimensionality of the Impact of Event Scale (IES) was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Responses from 321 individuals (62% response) who had experienced a mass murder of seven people 8 months earlier were obtained. A model with a general factor and three subordinate specific factors--Intrusivenes...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larsson G

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Do Holocaust survivors show increased vulnerability or resilience to post-Holocaust cumulative adversity?

    abstract::Prior trauma can hinder coping with additional adversity or inoculate against the effect of recurrent adversity. The present study further addressed this issue by examining whether a subsample of Holocaust survivors and comparison groups, drawn from the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shrira A,Palgi Y,Ben-Ezra M,Shmotkin D

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00