A novel delta(3),delta(2)-enoyl-CoA isomerase involved in the biosynthesis of the cyclohexanecarboxylic acid-derived moiety of the polyketide ansatrienin A.


:The side chain of the antifungal polyketide ansatrienin A produced by Streptomyces collinus contains a cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (CHC) derived moiety. This CHC in the coenzyme A activated form (CHC-CoA) is derived from shikimic acid via a pathway in which the penultimate step is the isomerization of 2-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA to 1-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA. We have purified a 28 kDa 2-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA isomerase (ChcB) from S. collinus and cloned and sequenced the corresponding chcB gene. The predicted amino acid sequence of ChcB showed moderate sequence identity to members of the hydratase/isomerase superfamily of enzymes. The recombinant ChcB was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity using metal chelate chromatography. Kinetic analysis demonstrated that recombinant ChcB had wide substrate specificity and could catalyze a double bond isomerization using 2-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA (K(m) 116 +/- 68 microM, k(cat)( )()3.7 +/- 1.0 min(-)(1)), trans-3-hexenyl-CoA (K(m) 39 +/- 10 microM, k(cat)( )()12.8 +/- 1 min(-)(1)), and vinylacetyl-CoA (K(m) 156 +/- 34 microM, k(cat)( )()29 +/- 3 min(-)(1)) as substrates. ChcB activity in cell extracts of S. collinus SP1, an insertionally disrupted chcB mutant, was shown to decrease by more than 99% (as compared to the wild-type strain) using all three of these substrates. The S. collinus SP1 strain, unlike the wild-type strain, could not produce omega-cyclohexyl fatty acids but was still able to grow efficiently on methyl oleate as a sole carbon source. These observations demonstrate that the S. collinus ChcB is required for catalyzing the isomerization of 2-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA to 1-cyclohexenylcarbonyl-CoA during CHC-CoA biosynthesis but not for degradation of unsaturated fatty acids. The chcB gene does not appear to be associated with the ansatrienin biosynthetic gene cluster, which has previously been shown to contain at least one gene known to be essential for CHC-CoA biosynthesis. This finding represents a notable exception to the general rule regarding the clustering of polyketide biosynthetic pathway genes.






Patton SM,Cropp TA,Reynolds KA




Has Abstract


2000-06-27 00:00:00














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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoeltzli SD,Frieden C

    更新日期:1998-01-06 00:00:00

  • Interactions of two monoclonal antibodies with BNP: high resolution epitope mapping using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tetin SY,Ruan Q,Saldana SC,Pope MR,Chen Y,Wu H,Pinkus MS,Jiang J,Richardson PL

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  • Thermodynamic cycle analysis and inhibitor design against beta-lactamase.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roth TA,Minasov G,Morandi S,Prati F,Shoichet BK

    更新日期:2003-12-16 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ford DA,Horner CC,Gross RW

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dewey TG,Turner DH

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franchi D,Fronticelli C,Bucci E

    更新日期:1982-11-23 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1994-05-31 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snitko Y,Han SK,Lee BI,Cho W

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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