Serum effects on the in vitro differentiation of sea urchin micromeres.

Abstract:

:When micromeres isolated from the 16-cell stage of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus are cultured in sea water containing 3.5% horse serum, they produce spicules at approximately the same time as in normal development. The serum requirement of the micromeres has been investigated by adding serum at varying intervals after isolation or by pulsing the cells with serum at specific times during their in vitro development. The optimum time of serum addition for spicule formation is 36 h after fertilization (AF). Further delay in the addition of serum results in a reduction in the number of spicules formed in culture and a delay in the time at which they appear. A 1-h pulse of serum at 36 h AF is sufficient to initiate a response in some of the micromere aggregates. A 12-h pulse at 36 h AF produces the maximum number of spicules per culture. The critical period for serum addition, 36-48 h AF, corresponds to the time in the normal embryo at which the syncytial primary mesenchyme ring is formed. Electron micrographs of cultured cells demonstrate that micromeres cultured without serum until 48 h AF fail to form pseudopodial extensions and remain as rosette-like clusters of cells. If serum is present, extensive pseudopodial networks form which resemble the primary ring syncytium. These results suggest that serum acts to stimulate fused pseudopodial networks in cultures of micromeres and that the resulting syncytium is necessary for spicule formation.

journal_name

Exp Cell Res

authors

McCarthy RA,Spiegel M

doi

10.1016/0014-4827(83)90355-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1983-12-01 00:00:00

pages

433-41

issue

2

eissn

0014-4827

issn

1090-2422

pii

0014-4827(83)90355-5

journal_volume

149

pub_type

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