Evaluation of a Tangential Map-Based Nomogram for Intrastromal Corneal Ring Segments' Implantation in Keratoconus: One Year Results.

Abstract:

Purpose:To evaluate a new tangential map-based nomogram versus the axial map-based nomogram for ICRS in keratoconus. Methods:A prospective case series study including 64 eyes of 64 patients who underwent ICRS implantation. Cone location was determined for each eye with two maps: the axial and the tangential. Appropriate ring selection was determined using two surgical nomograms: axial map-based and tangential map-based. Visual, refractive, and topographic outcomes were assessed before, as well as at 3, 6, and 12 months after ICRS implantation. Results:The cone location, and consequently the ring selection, was significantly different in the two nomograms with a "centralization tendency" in the tangential map. In the axial group, UDVA and CDVA improved from 0.12 ± 0.04 and 0.24 ± 0.08 to 0.28 ± 0.08 and 0.4 ± 0.1, respectively. Similarly, MRSE substantially decreased from -6.7 ± 3.3 to -1.2 ± 1.1D at 12 months after the procedure. In the tangential group, UDVA and CDVA improved from 0.09 ± 0.06 and 0.2 ± 0.1 to 0.5 ± 0.2 and 0.7 ± 0.2, respectively. MRSE substantially decreased from -4.9 ± 1D at 12 months after the procedure. In the tangential group, UDVA and CDVA improved from 0.09 ± 0.06 and 0.2 ± 0.1 to 0.5 ± 0.2 and 0.7 ± 0.2, respectively. MRSE substantially decreased from -4.9 ± 1D at 12 months after the procedure. In the tangential group, UDVA and CDVA improved from 0.09 ± 0.06 and 0.2 ± 0.1 to 0.5 ± 0.2 and 0.7 ± 0.2, respectively. MRSE substantially decreased from -4.9 ± 1P=0.01 ∗ . Similarly, the gain in the CDVA was 0.4 and 0.15 in the tangential and axial groups, respectively, at 12 months, P=0.01 ∗ . Similarly, the gain in the CDVA was 0.4 and 0.15 in the tangential and axial groups, respectively, at 12 months. Conclusion:The tangential map-based nomogram attained better visual and refractive outcomes at 1 year. In addition, the cone location was significantly different between both maps with a centralization tendency in the tangential one.

journal_name

J Ophthalmol

journal_title

Journal of ophthalmology

authors

Zaky AG,KhalafAllah MT,Sarhan AE,Elsawy MF

doi

10.1155/2020/3983508

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-19 00:00:00

pages

3983508

eissn

2090-004X

issn

2090-0058

journal_volume

2020

pub_type

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