Nasal timosaponin BII dually sensitive in situ hydrogels for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease induced by lipopolysaccharides.


:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common and severe brain disease with a high mortality among the elders, but no highly efficient medications are currently available. For example, timosaponin BII, an efficient anti-AD agent, has low oral bioavailability. Here, timosaponin BII was formulated in a temperature/ion-sensitive in situ hydrogel (ISG) that was well transformed into gels in the nasal environment. Timosaponin BII protected the PC12 cells injured by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) by decreasing TNF-α and IL-1β and stabilizing F-actin. Timosaponin BII ISGs were intranasally administered to the mice every day for 38 days. On Day 36, LPS was injected to the mice to establish an AD model. Morris water maze experiments showed that the number of the animals that were able to cross the platform returned to normal and the total distance over which the animals moved in the open field also increased, which demonstrated that the spatial memory and spontaneous behavior were improved after treatment compared to the model. Moreover, an AD improver, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the brain, was reduced after treatment. High brain targeting effect of timosaponin BII ISGs was confirmed by in vivo fluorescence imaging. The nasal timosaponin BII dually sensitive ISGs can serve as a promising medication for local prevention of AD.


Int J Pharm


Chen W,Li R,Zhu S,Ma J,Pang L,Ma B,Du L,Jin Y




Has Abstract


2020-03-30 00:00:00












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