When DAWN went dark: Can the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) fill the surveillance gap left by the discontinued Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN)?


BACKGROUND:This study assessed whether the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) could reliably fill the national drug surveillance gap caused by the discontinuation of the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). METHODS:Estimates of the drug-related emergency department (ED) visits derived from DAWN (2004-2011) and NEDS (2006-2013). Estimates of the underlying reason for the drug-related ED visit, patient characteristics, and the specific drugs involved were compared for 2011, the most recent overlapping data year in DAWN and NEDS. Trends in ED visits for major drugs of abuse were then compared over the period 2004-2013. RESULTS:In 2011, DAWN and NEDS produced statistically similar estimates of the overall number of drug-related ED visits (5.1 vs. 4.9 million) and those involving drug misuse or abuse (2.65 vs. 2.77 million). Among the latter, estimates by gender, age group, and patient disposition were generally consistent across data systems, suggesting that NEDS and DAWN samples draw from a similar population. Main analyses reveal statistically similar estimates across data systems in both levels and trends for cocaine, amphetamines, and narcotic pain relievers. In contrast, the number of ED visits for sedatives and heroin was significantly undercounted in NEDS, whereas marijuana-related ED visits were undercounted in DAWN. CONCLUSIONS:This study demonstrates the utility of NEDS for conducting post-DAWN drug surveillance. Because NEDS cannot provide targeted surveillance of certain established (e.g., heroin) and emerging (e.g., fentanyl) drugs, however, it is critical that a data system that employs medical record-based reviews be implemented to augment the known weaknesses of NEDS.


Drug Alcohol Depend


Sevigny EL,Caces MF




Has Abstract


2018-11-01 00:00:00












  • Major depression and treatment response in adolescents with ADHD and substance use disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Major depressive disorder (MDD) frequently co-occurs in adolescents with substance use disorders (SUDs) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the impact of MDD on substance treatment and ADHD outcomes and implications for clinical practice are unclear. METHODS:Adolescents (n=303; ages 13-...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Warden D,Riggs PD,Min SJ,Mikulich-Gilbertson SK,Tamm L,Trello-Rishel K,Winhusen T

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Drug-related deaths and the sales of needles through pharmacies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Providing needles to people who inject drugs is a well-proven public health response to the transmission of HIV and other blood borne viruses. Despite over a quarter of a century of research, new concerns about potential unintended negative consequences of needle distribution continue to emerge. Specifically...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davidson PJ,Martinez A,Lutnick A,Kral AH,Bluthenthal RN

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • The drug problem in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    abstract::The new 'Betäubungsmittelgesetz' (Narcotic drugs law) of the Federal Republic of Germany is analyzed from the viewpoint of punishment vs. treatment. ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Müller B

    更新日期:1985-08-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy alcohol consumption and physical health problems: a review of the epidemiological evidence.

    abstract::A review of morbidity and mortality studies bearing on the hazards to physical health of chronic heavy alchol use indicates that such use carries a risk of premature death greatly exceeding normal expectancy. While the life style typical of many heavy drinker contributes to this risk, the effects of alcohol per se acc...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schmidt W,Popham RE

    更新日期:1975-09-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the use and non-use of marijuana as reasoned actions: an application of Fishbein and Ajzen's methodology.

    abstract::Fishbein and Ajzen's methodology can predict behaviour on the basis of questionnaire measures of attitudes toward the specific act and the subjective norms with respect to that behaviour which the individual experiences. In the present study this methodology was used to differentiate between the non-users, experimente...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Budd R,Bleiker S,Spencer C

    更新日期:1983-04-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiologic trends and geographic patterns of fatal opioid intoxications in Connecticut, USA: 1997-2007.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The leading cause of injury death among adults in Connecticut (CT), USA is drug poisonings. We analyzed the epidemiology and geographic distribution of opioid-involved accidental drug-involved intoxication deaths ("overdoses") in CT over an 11-year period. METHODS:We reviewed data from 1997 to 2007 on all a...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green TC,Grau LE,Carver HW,Kinzly M,Heimer R

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • 1-Pentyl-3-phenylacetylindoles and JWH-018 share in vivo cannabinoid profiles in mice.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Smoking of synthetic cannabinoid-enhanced "herbal incense" is an emerging substance abuse problem. The indole-derived cannabinoids identified in these products were originally developed as research tools and are structurally distinct from cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Although abused by humans, most pu...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiley JL,Marusich JA,Martin BR,Huffman JW

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Aerobic exercise decreases the positive-reinforcing effects of cocaine.

    abstract::Aerobic exercise can serve as an alternative, non-drug reinforcer in laboratory animals and has been recommended as a potential intervention for substance abusing populations. Unfortunately, relatively little empirical data have been collected that specifically address the possible protective effects of voluntary, lon...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith MA,Schmidt KT,Iordanou JC,Mustroph ML

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Inhalant use among incarcerated adolescents in the United States: prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of use.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To characterize patterns and correlates of inhalant use among incarcerated youth. METHOD:Residents (N=723) of 27 Missouri Division of Youth Services facilities completed interviews assessing substance use, psychiatric symptoms, antisocial traits, trauma, suicidality, and criminality. RESULTS:Participants av...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howard MO,Balster RL,Cottler LB,Wu LT,Vaughn MG

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive ability in early adulthood as a predictor of habitual drug use during later military service and civilian life: the Vietnam Experience Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent reports have linked cognitive ability (IQ) with alcohol dependency, but the relationship with illegal drug use is not well understood. METHODS:Participants were 14,362 male US Vietnam veterans with IQ test results at entry into military service in 1965-1971 (mean age 22.58) who participated in a tele...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White J,Mortensen LH,Batty GD

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized clinical trial of buprenorphine for prisoners: Findings at 12-months post-release.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS:Study des...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gordon MS,Kinlock TW,Schwartz RP,O'Grady KE,Fitzgerald TT,Vocci FJ

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing homeless and domiciled pregnant substance dependent women on psychosocial characteristics and treatment outcomes.

    abstract::The present study compared pregnant drug-dependent women reporting homelessness (n=117) or being domiciled (n=118) at treatment enrollment on initial psychosocial functioning and subsequent drug treatment outcome. Homeless pregnant women presented with greater drug use and medical problems, less social service income,...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tuten M,Jones HE,Svikis DS

    更新日期:2003-01-24 00:00:00

  • GABAA Receptor Subtypes and the Reinforcing Effects of Benzodiazepines in Remifentanil-Experienced Rhesus Monkeys.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Opioid-use disorder is associated with a high degree of co-abuse with benzodiazepines. While the mechanisms underlying the co-abuse of opioids and benzodiazepines remain unknown, α1 subunit-containing GABAA receptors may play a critical role in the reinforcing effects of benzodiazepine-type compounds, depend...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berro LF,Rowlett JK

    更新日期:2020-05-25 00:00:00

  • Pragmatic randomized controlled trial of a web-based intervention for alcohol use among Brazilian college students: Motivation as a moderating effect.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Web-based personalized normative feedback (PNF) interventions are less effective than their laboratory versions. Participant motivation may account for this reduced effect, but there is only a limited amount of research into the influence of motivation on PNF effectiveness. We evaluated the effectiveness of ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bedendo A,Ferri CP,de Souza AAL,Andrade ALM,Noto AR

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Substances injected at the Sydney supervised injecting facility: A chemical analysis of used injecting equipment and comparison with self-reported drug type.

    abstract::Providing information about substances injected can reduce the negative impact of illicit drug consumption and support people who inject drugs to make informed decisions. In Australia, information about drugs injected relies largely on periodic self-report surveys. For the first time, the analysis of the residual cont...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lefrancois E,Belackova V,Silins E,Latimer J,Jauncey M,Shimmon R,Mozaner Bordin D,Augsburger M,Esseiva P,Roux C,Morelato M

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Nicotine concentration of e-cigarettes used by adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:E-cigarettes are popular among youth, but little is known about the nicotine concentrations of e-liquids used by adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHOD:In Spring, 2014, we conducted cross-sectional surveys in four Connecticut high schools and two middle schools. Among past-30-day e-cigarette users (n=513, 45% fem...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morean ME,Kong G,Cavallo DA,Camenga DR,Krishnan-Sarin S

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The predictability of the Addiction Severity Index criminal justice assessment instrument and future imprisonment: A Swedish registry study with a national sample of adults with risky substance use.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In Sweden, social workers uses the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) as their main assessment tool when assessing individuals with risky substance use (RSU) or substance use disorder. The aim of this study is to identify among individuals with RSU, the associations of ASI Composite Scores (CSs) with future impri...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grahn R,Padyab M

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Early-onset of illicit substance use is associated with greater axis-II comorbidity, not with axis-I comorbidity.

    abstract::In the present study the relationship between early-onset (

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franken IH,Hendriks VM

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Subchronic treatment of rats with nicotine: effects on tolerance and on [3H]acetylcholine and [3H]nicotine binding in the brain.

    abstract::The effects of subchronic nicotine treatment on the development of tolerance and on two nicotinic ligand binding sites were investigated. After subcutaneous injection of nicotine (0.45 mg nicotine base/kg) or saline twice a day for 14 days the body weight of rats was significantly lower than that of control animals. A...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larsson C,Nilsson L,Halén A,Nordberg A

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

  • Toward DSM-V: mapping the alcohol use disorder continuum in college students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The present study examined the dimensionality of DSM-IV Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) criteria using Item Response Theory (IRT) methods and tested the validity of the proposed DSM-V AUD guidelines in a sample of college students. METHOD:Participants were 396 college students who reported any alcohol use in the ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hagman BT,Cohn AM

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing 30-day quantity-frequency of U.S. adolescent cigarette smoking as a predictor of adult smoking 14 years later.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To improve measures of monthly tobacco cigarette smoking among non-daily smokers, predictive of future non-daily monthly and daily smoking. METHODS:Data from United States National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, tracking adolescents, ages 12-21, over 14 years were analyzed. At baseline, 6...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saddleson ML,Kozlowski LT,Giovino GA,Homish GG,Mahoney MC,Goniewicz ML

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Influences on adolescent substance dependence: conduct disorder, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gender.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In adolescents, conduct disorder (CD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and depression are frequently comorbid with substance dependence (SD). We hypothesized that the prevalence and severity of CD, major depressive disorder (MDD), and ADHD would differ by gender, and that these conditions wou...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whitmore EA,Mikulich SK,Thompson LL,Riggs PD,Aarons GA,Crowley TJ

    更新日期:1997-08-25 00:00:00

  • Exercise training - A beneficial intervention in the treatment of alcohol use disorders?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A growing body of evidence suggests that exercise training may have multiple beneficial effects in individuals with mental health or substance use disorders. Yet, relatively little knowledge exists regarding the benefits of exercise training to augment treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUDs). PURPOSE:The...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stoutenberg M,Rethorst CD,Lawson O,Read JP

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Adaptive changes in the dopamine system produced by chronic ethanol feeding.

    abstract::The consumption of ethanol by mice resulted in an altered sensitivity of the brain dopamine systems to perturbations produced by agonists and antagonists. The results indicate that ethanol feeding and withdrawal produces a state in which the normal coupling between dopamine receptors and the effectors for these recept...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoffman PL,Tabakoff B

    更新日期:1979-05-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use amongst nurses: a Scottish study.

    abstract::This paper examines patterns of self-reported alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use amongst a representative sample of 600 qualified nurses in the Lothian Region of Scotland. General levels of alcohol use were not exceptional. Even so, levels of tobacco smoking and the use of illicit drugs were higher than for the gen...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plant ML,Plant MA,Foster J

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Child maltreatment increases sensitivity to adverse social contexts: neighborhood physical disorder and incident binge drinking in Detroit.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Exposure to child maltreatment is associated with elevated risk for behavioral disorders in adulthood. One explanation for this life-course association is that child maltreatment increases vulnerability to the effects of subsequent stressors; however, the extent to which maltreatment increases sensitivity ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keyes KM,McLaughlin KA,Koenen KC,Goldmann E,Uddin M,Galea S

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of Wistar rats' individual sensitivity to the development of physical dependence on morphine.

    abstract::Behavioral and physiological indices which could be symptoms of individual Wistar rats' sensitivity to the development of physical dependence on morphine, were studied. This state was induced in three different ways: (1) by i.p. injection of increasing doses of the drug; (2) by i.p. injection of morphine as a reward o...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sudakov SK,Konstantinopolsky MA,Surkova LA,Tyurina IV,Borisova EV

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sex ratio among opium addicts in Asia: influences of drug availability and sampling method.

    abstract::The literature on opium addiction in Asia reveals widely different sex ratios. Analysis of these reports indicates that community surveys provide the most reliable and valid ratios. Surveys in psychiatric hospitals appear to overreport women, while case registers and surveys in addiction treatment facilities, vends an...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Westermeyer J

    更新日期:1980-09-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of comorbid drug use disorder on receipt of evidence-based treatment for alcohol use disorder among VA patients with alcohol use disorder and Hepatitis C and/or HIV.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alcohol use is risky for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and/or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, but alcohol use disorder (AUD) treatment is underutilized in these populations. Comorbid drug use disorders (DUD) are common, but their influence on AUD treatment receipt is understudied. We ev...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frost MC,Matson TE,Tsui JI,Williams EC

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Systematic review and meta-analysis of socio-cognitive and socio-affective processes association with adolescent substance use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Social impairments are important features of a substance use disorder diagnosis; and recent models suggest early impairments in socio-cognitive and -affective processes may predict future use. However, no systematic reviews are available on this topic. METHODS:We conducted a systematic review and meta-analy...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol dependence

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Winters DE,Brandon-Friedman R,Yepes G,Hinckley JD

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00