Premeal insulin decreases arterial stiffness in children with type 1 diabetes.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To determine the effects of omitting meal time insulin on arterial stiffness in children with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:In this prospective, randomized, crossover study, radial artery tonometry and augmentation index adjusted to heart rate 75 (AI75 ) were used to measure arterial stiffness. Children were randomized to receive or omit premeal insulin and completed the crossover portion of the study on a subsequent day. AI75 was determined when fasting, 1, and 2 h postmeal. RESULTS:When comparing change in AI75 from baseline to 1 h and baseline to 2 h, when subjects received premeal insulin vs. no insulin, AI75 was 4.5 units lower at 1 h (p = 0.011, 95% CI:1.1 lower to 8 lower) and 4.3 units lower at 2 h (p = 0.062, 95% CI: 0.2 higher to 8.9 lower) (n = 40). CONCLUSIONS:Arterial stiffness is decreased by premeal insulin in children with type 1 diabetes.

journal_name

Pediatr Diabetes

journal_title

Pediatric diabetes

authors

Meehan CS,Kethireddy PL,Ashcraft JK,Shuster JJ,Haller MJ

doi

10.1111/pedi.12389

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-06-01 00:00:00

pages

311-314

issue

4

eissn

1399-543X

issn

1399-5448

journal_volume

18

pub_type

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