Prevalence and correlates of alcohol misuse among returning Afghanistan and Iraq veterans.


OBJECTIVE:Several studies have reported high rates of alcohol misuse and low rates of substance use treatment among OEF/OIF military service members. This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of alcohol misuse and the factors associated with treatment utilization among recently returned National Guard service members. METHODS:The sample included 585 members of the National Guard who volunteered to complete an anonymous survey assessing mental health and substance use problems, functional status, and past treatment experiences. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed examining the significance of associations between alcohol misuse and mental health service use as outcomes and demographic variables, mental health symptoms, and military service characteristics as predictors. Barriers to treatment and factors facilitating treatment were also examined. RESULTS:Thirty-six percent of the service members met criteria for alcohol misuse. Of those misusing alcohol, 31% reported receiving any mental health treatment and 2.5% reported receiving specific substance use treatment in the past year. The barrier to treatment most commonly endorsed by those misusing alcohol was concern that the information about treatment would appear in their records. Among those misusing alcohol who had received services, spouses were most commonly endorsed as facilitating the pursuit of care. CONCLUSIONS:Rates of alcohol misuse are high and rates of substance use treatment are low among National Guard service members. Additional research is needed to identify means of overcoming barriers to care and establish more effective approaches to facilitate linkage to care and receipt of appropriate interventions.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Burnett-Zeigler I,Ilgen M,Valenstein M,Zivin K,Gorman L,Blow A,Duffy S,Chermack S




Has Abstract


2011-08-01 00:00:00














  • Beyond personality-experimental investigations of the effects of personality traits on in situ alcohol consumption in social and solitary drinking contexts.

    abstract::Numerous studies have highlighted that personality traits are associated with alcohol problems and disorders; however, little is known on the link between personality and the quantities of alcohol actually ingested during given drinking episodes (i.e. in situ alcohol consumption, in grams of pure alcohol). Based on da...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuendig H,Kuntsche E

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding perceived usefulness and actual use of protective behavioral strategies: The role of perceived norms for the reasons that young adult drinkers use protective behavioral strategies.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The current study examines the norms-behavior link by investigating a novel cognition for protective behavioral strategies (PBS)-descriptive and injunctive norms for close friends' reasons to use PBS (e.g., limit drinking, reduce consequences)-in relation to one's own perception of usefulness and personal ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fairlie AM,Lewis MA,Waldron KA,Wallace EC,Lee CM

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gamblers' beliefs about responsibility for minimizing gambling harm: Associations with problem gambling screening and gambling involvement.

    abstract::Increasingly, gambling stakeholders communicate that minimizing gambling harm is a shared societal responsibility. Individual gamblers' beliefs about responsibility for minimizing gambling harm are worthy of study because these beliefs might influence gambling behavior. In this study, using a sample of casino loyalty ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gray HM,Louderback ER,LaPlante DA,Abarbanel B,Bernhard BJ

    更新日期:2021-03-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood trauma and health outcomes in adults with comorbid substance abuse and mental health disorders.

    abstract::This study describes the prevalence of childhood traumatic events (CTEs) among adults with comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs) and mental health problems (MHPs) and assesses the relation between cumulative CTEs and adult health outcomes. Adults with SUDs/MHPs (N=402) were recruited from residential treatment progr...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu NS,Schairer LC,Dellor E,Grella C

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Positive family relationships and religious affiliation as mediators between negative environment and illicit drug symptoms in American Indian adolescents.

    abstract::The present study tests how positive family relationships and religious affiliation mediate between negative familial and social environments, and adolescent illicit drug abuse/dependence symptoms. The theoretical framework is based on an integration of two theories: the ecological model of human development (Bronfenb...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu M,Stiffman AR

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between smoking status and body weight in a military population of young adults.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study was to determine the association between smoking and body weight in a cohort of young U.S. Air Force recruits (mean age=20 years) enrolled in basic military training (N=35986). Twenty-two percent of recruits smoked daily prior to basic military training (n=8087) and were compared to ne...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sherrill-Mittleman D,Klesges RC,Massey V,Vander Weg MW,DeBon M

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Binge drinking and the risk of suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Major depression is one of the strongest known risk factors for suicide. However, of the estimated 8.5 million adults with serious thoughts of suicide in the past year, only half had a major depressive episode (MDE). Identifying risk factors for suicide in the absence of depression may provide additional tar...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glasheen C,Pemberton MR,Lipari R,Copello EA,Mattson ME

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of couple conflict on alcohol craving: Does intimate partner violence play a role?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Social stress in the form of maladaptive relationship conflict is a common precipitant to alcohol misuse and problems. Research has also established a clear causal association between alcohol misuse and relationship conflict in the form of intimate partner violence (IPV). Despite the robust literature linking...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flanagan JC,Jarnecke AM,Leone RM,Oesterle DW

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in use of electronic nicotine delivery systems by adolescents.

    abstract::Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) have been gaining in popularity. The few prevalence studies in adults have found that most ENDS users are current or former smokers. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of ENDS usage in adolescents, and examine the correlates of use. Self-administere...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Camenga DR,Delmerico J,Kong G,Cavallo D,Hyland A,Cummings KM,Krishnan-Sarin S

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD, alcohol dependence, and conduct problems: Distinct pathways via lability and disinhibition.

    abstract::This study tested the role of affect lability and disinhibition in mediating associations between PTSD symptoms and two forms of alcohol-related problems, dependence syndrome symptoms (e.g., impaired control over consumption) and conduct problems (e.g., assault, risk behaviors). Genotype at the serotonin transporter l...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simons JS,Simons RM,O'Brien C,Stoltenberg SF,Keith JA,Hudson JA

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rates of electronic cigarette use among adults with a chronic mental illness.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Electronic cigarette (e-cig) use has increased dramatically over the past decade, rates of e-cig use among those with a chronic mental illness has largely been unexplored. Exploring this relationship for adults with a mental illness is necessary when examining the health needs of this population. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bianco CL

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Trends and key correlates of prescription opioid injection misuse in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite concerns over increasing harms associated with prescription opioid injection misuse, there is a paucity of research on the magnitude, characteristics, injection practices, and syringe sources for people who inject prescription opioids; limiting the implementation of targeted policy and programmatic i...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones CM

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Adverse childhood events, substance abuse, and measures of affiliation.

    abstract::Adverse childhood events may influence later behaviors, including adulthood substance use and social affiliation. Studies have noted high prevalence rates of adverse childhood experiences and adulthood substance abuse among homeless adults. Using an existing longitudinal, countywide probability sample of 397 homeless ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zlotnick C,Tam T,Robertson MJ

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Substance use, religiosity, and other protective factors among Hungarian adolescents.

    abstract::A number of risk factors have emerged as important correlates of adolescent substance use. In addition, research continues to focus on which factors act as mediators protecting adolescents from negative outcomes. One of these protective factors is religiosity, and the focus of this paper is to examine its role in the ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piko BF,Fitzpatrick KM

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • A robust alternative estimator for small to moderate sample SEM: Bias-corrected factor score path analysis.

    abstract::Structural equation modeling with full information maximum likelihood estimation is the predominant method to empirically assess complex theories involving multiple latent variables in addiction research. Although full information estimators have many desirable properties including consistency, a major limitation in s...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelcey B

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Differential cigarette-related startle cue reactivity among light, moderate, and heavy smokers.

    abstract::In this study, we examined the relationship between the level of daily cigarette consumption and the startle response to affective and cigarette-related cues among treatment-seeking smokers. Before receiving any behavioral or pharmacological treatment, 136 smokers attended a baseline laboratory session, during which w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cui Y,Robinson JD,Versace F,Lam CY,Minnix JA,Karam-Hage M,Dani JA,Kosten TR,Wetter DW,Brown VL,Cinciripini PM

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity in relation to quit day dropout among adult daily smokers recruited to participate in a self-guided cessation attempt.

    abstract::Anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of anxiety and internal sensations) has been implicated in a variety of aspects of smoking, including difficulties achieving and maintaining abstinence during tobacco cessation. However, research has yet to evaluate whether AS impacts premature termination of initiating a quit attempt. Th...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Langdon KJ,Farris SG,Hogan JB,Grover KW,Zvolensky MJ

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ambivalence about smoking and cue-elicited neural activity in quitting-motivated smokers faced with an opportunity to smoke.

    abstract::Many cigarette smokers appear to experience ambivalence about smoking, defined as the simultaneous co-occurrence of a strong desire to smoke and a strong wish to quit smoking. Research suggests that this ambivalence about smoking affects how smokers respond to cigarette-related stimuli, but many important questions re...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson SJ,Creswell KG,Sayette MA,Fiez JA

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic influences on craving for alcohol.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Craving is being considered for inclusion in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) DSM-5. However, little is known of its genetic underpinnings - specifically, whether genetic influences on craving are distinct from those influencing DSM-IV alcohol dependence. METHOD:Analyses were conducted in a sam...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrawal A,Wetherill L,Bucholz KK,Kramer J,Kuperman S,Lynskey MT,Nurnberger JI Jr,Schuckit M,Tischfield JA,Edenberg HJ,Foroud T,Bierut LJ

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • The relationships between sensation seeking and a spectrum of e-cigarette use behaviors: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses specific to Texas adolescents.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sensation seeking is strongly associated with cigarette use in adolescents. However, few studies have investigated its relationship with adolescent e-cigarette use. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between sensation seeking and a variety of e-cigarette use behaviors among T...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Case KR,Harrell MB,Pérez A,Loukas A,Wilkinson AV,Springer AE,Creamer MR,Perry CL

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between early experiences with tobacco and early experiences with alcohol.

    abstract::Initial sensitivity to substances may affect patterns of future use and dependence. Because smoking and alcohol use are strongly linked, because animal studies indicate cross-sensitivity, and because genetic determinants of nicotine and alcohol dependence overlap, we studied the relationships between retrospectively r...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pomerleau CS,Marks JL,Pomerleau OF,Snedecor SM

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • A controlled trial of the adjunct use of D-cycloserine to facilitate cognitive behavioral therapy outcomes in a cocaine-dependent population.

    abstract::Cocaine dependence is a chronically relapsing disorder for which its predominant behavioral therapies are associated with only partial efficacy. The goal of this study was to determine if the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor partial agonist and cognitive enhancer, d-cycloserine (DCS), could boost the coc...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kennedy AP,Gross RE,Whitfield N,Drexler KP,Kilts CD

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between the stages of change and the pros and cons of smoking in a longitudinal study of Swiss smokers.

    abstract::To develop effective smoking prevention interventions, we need to identify modifiable variables, such as the "pros and cons" of smoking, that predict self-initiated smoking cessation. Our objective was to assess associations between the pros and cons of smoking and the stages of change, both cross-sectionally and long...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Etter JF,Perneger TV

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of polydrug use among four ethnic groups: a 12-year longitudinal study.

    abstract::We examined adolescent risk and protective constructs associated with adult polydrug use among four ethnic groups. Both mean and relational differences among the constructs were examined by ethnic group. Teenage polydrug use was a significant predictor of adult polydrug use for Caucasians, African-Americans, and Latin...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Galaif ER,Newcomb MD

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • A pilot study of screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment (SBIRT) in non-treatment seeking smokers with HIV.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:PLHIV have higher rates of smoking and lower motivation to quit smoking; thus to impact smoking rates, cessation interventions need to be acceptable to a wider range of PLHIV smokers as well as feasible to implement in a busy clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acceptability, fe...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cropsey KL,Hendricks PS,Jardin B,Clark CB,Katiyar N,Willig J,Mugavero M,Raper JL,Saag M,Carpenter MJ

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Measures and predictors of varenicline adherence in the treatment of nicotine dependence.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:While adherence to medication in smoking cessation clinical trials is strongly associated with clinical outcome, very few studies have evaluated the validity of pill count as a measure of adherence relative to a biological assay, and evaluated a broad range of correlates of adherence. METHODS:In a smoking...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peng AR,Morales M,Wileyto EP,Hawk LW Jr,Cinciripini P,George TP,Benowitz NL,Nollen NL,Lerman C,Tyndale RF,Schnoll R

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Menthol cigarette smoking is associated with greater subjective reward, satisfaction, and "throat hit", but not greater behavioral economic demand.

    abstract:AIMS:The cooling and minty flavor of menthol in cigarettes has been hypothesized to mask the harshness of inhaled cigarette smoke, contributing to menthol's appeal and subjective reinforcement and linking menthol use to smoking initiation, progression, nicotine dependence, and difficulty quitting. This study examined d...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohn AM,Ganz O,Dennhardt AA,Murphy JG,Ehlke S,Cha S,Graham AL

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical characteristics of veterans with gambling disorders seeking pain treatment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the relationships between gambling disorder, pain, and suicide attempts among US military veterans using Veterans Health Administration (VHA) pain-related services. METHODS:Retrospective cohort analysis of 221,817 veterans using pain services was included in the analysis. First, differences in so...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ronzitti S,Kraus SW,Decker SE,Ashrafioun L

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The role of flavors in vaping initiation and satisfaction among U.S. adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The prevalence of electronic cigarette use has grown over the past decade, with some users reportedly initiating e-cigarette use primarily due to flavors. This study examined the role of flavors in initiation among adult e-cigarette users, as well as the association of flavors with satisfaction and perceived...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Landry RL,Groom AL,Vu TT,Stokes AC,Berry KM,Kesh A,Hart JL,Walker KL,Giachello AL,Sears CG,McGlasson KL,Tompkins LK,Mattingly DT,Robertson RM,Payne TJ

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Selective processing of visual alcohol cues in abstinent alcoholics: an approach-avoidance conflict?

    abstract::When symptomatic individuals selectively attend to emotionally relevant stimuli, the ability to shift attention away from such material is impaired. Subjects may, however, seek to avoid further processing of these stimuli, which would facilitate attentional shifts. This was examined in a group of abstinent alcoholics'...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Stormark KM,Field NP,Hugdahl K,Horowitz M

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00