Female sexual dysfunction: a new urogynaecological research field.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To critically review published data on the urogynaecological aspects of female sexual dysfunction (FSD), as FSD is a developing multidisciplinary issue associated with several biological, medical and psychological factors. METHODS:The reported prevalence of FSD is 19-50% and women with lower urinary tract symptoms or urinary incontinence (UI) not only complain of a deteriorating of quality of life but also of sexual life with an incidence as high as 26-47%. Furthermore, urogynaecological surgery represents an important but underestimated cause of FSD. Different databases (Pub Medical, Medline, serial titles, the Cochrane library and the NLM gateway database) were searched for the keywords 'sexuality; sexual function; urinary incontinence; pelvic organ prolapse; questionnaire; symptom severity; epidemiology; quality of life; instruments; sexual health; vagina; vaginal surgery; pelvic surgery'. RESULTS:There is a lack of a standardized instrument for assessing FSD. Recent studies investigate the impact of UI on sexual function, but the pathophysiology has not been elucidated. Vaginal or pelvic surgery does not affect overall sexual satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS:Our investigation highlights the need for studies to assess the anatomical, physiological and sensory mechanisms related to FSD. Specific questionnaire are needed to quantify the problem. In the definition, symptoms assessment and preoperative counselling is important, to make a distinction between overall sexual function and individual parameters, such as psychosocial context. Only in this way, will it be possible to identify new therapeutic targets. A definition of success in urogyneacological terms should include aspects of quality of life and quality of sexual life. Immediate research in this field is needed.

journal_name

BJU Int

journal_title

BJU international

authors

Dalpiaz O,Kerschbaumer A,Mitterberger M,Pinggera GM,Colleselli D,Bartsch G,Strasser H

doi

10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.07442.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-03-01 00:00:00

pages

717-21

issue

6

eissn

1464-4096

issn

1464-410X

pii

BJU7442

journal_volume

101

pub_type

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