Crohn's disease complicated by multiple stenoses and internal fistulas clinically mimicking small bowel endometriosis.

Abstract:

:We report a 31-year-old woman with Crohn's disease complicated by multiple stenoses and internal fistulas clinically misdiagnosed as small bowel endometriosis, due to the patient's perimenstrual symptoms of mechanical subileus for 3 years; at first monthly, but later continuous, and gradually increasing in severity. We performed an exploratory laparotomy for small bowel obstruction, and found multiple ileal strictures and internal enteric fistulas. Because intraoperative findings were thought to indicate Crohn's disease, a right hemicolectomy and partial distal ileum resection were performed for obstructive Crohn's ileitis. Histopathology of the resected specimen revealed Crohn's disease without endometrial tissue. The patient made an uneventful recovery from this procedure and was discharged home 10 d post-operatively. The differential diagnosis of Crohn's disease with intestinal endometriosis may be difficult pre-operatively. The two entities share many overlapping clinical, radiological and pathological features. Nevertheless, when it is difficult to identify the cause of intestinal obstruction in a woman of child-bearing age with cyclical symptoms suggestive of small bowel endometriosis, Crohn's disease should be included in the differential diagnosis.

journal_name

World J Gastroenterol

authors

Teke Z,Aytekin FO,Atalay AO,Demirkan NC

doi

10.3748/wjg.14.146

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-01-07 00:00:00

pages

146-51

issue

1

eissn

1007-9327

issn

2219-2840

journal_volume

14

pub_type

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